It is the laws that allow a state to function in a proper order. The legal system protects the rights of the individuals so as to ensure that they are safe and secured in every way. They are the rules that govern the character and function of any individual or group. They regulate the social and economic interactions and maintain that they are smoothly conducted. They are a source of primary mediator between the relations of the people.
It is better to know that every country has its personal legal system. They are generally divided into different branches. To name them it can be said that there is corporate law, taxation law, property law, international law, environmental health law, etc. Every type of law has some or the other importance with respect to the society. Some of the major laws that need mention are as follows:
The criminal law is enforced to pass a judgment over the criminal activities. They are administered by the individual jurisdictions in every place, including the self-governing territories. It is a matter of concern for the state. In certain cases, the central government of the country and the Commonwealth might also have a say in the case.
The contract law is something that is enforced for the encompassing of the laws or the regulations in terms of certain promises. In most countries, these are related to the common law.
The industrial law is the rules and regulations that the working people gas to abide by. It also ensures to protect their rights. They also put a restriction on the organizations and mediate the relationship between trade unions, employees and employers.
The constitutional law defines different entities within a state. These are divided into three parts or wings, namely the legislature, judiciary and the executive. They are in charge of the total processes of managing the state. With them enforced the ministers, the government bodies are directed the path to their work.
If any of the subjects of the state wishes to challenge the action or a decision of the state or the country or a government official or an authority they can do so with the help of this law. It is also applicable in case the person on whom one wants to challenge is not a government official but is making use of the public power.
In all the above-mentioned circumstances the judgment is passed down by the court of law and the applicants or here the citizens have to abide by them. The court, therefore, has the final say in such cases.