Working In The Public Sector: Advantages And Disadvantages Of Government Jobs

Is it better to work in the private sector or find employment in the government instead? This is one of the most important questions that new job hunters may ask when looking into their career options. Jobs in the private and public sector both come with their own sets of benefits and drawbacks, and as such, it’s important to carefully consider each factor before settling on a particular profession.

For those who are thinking of working for the government, one of the main benefits that you can enjoy is job security. Unlike jobs in the private sector, government jobs are not as affected by the state of the economy. This means that you will still have a job even during economic recessions, whereas your colleagues in the private sector are more likely to suffer layoffs and lose their jobs.

In addition to having more security, another popular reason for working in the government is the benefits. Of course, those who work in the private sector may also receive benefits, but more often than not, these do not reach the level or scope of those received by civil workers. Attractive government benefits include extended or lifelong health care benefits, paid vacations and maternity leaves, and hefty benefits packages for retirees.

There are also two other lesser-known benefits of working in the public sector: good work hours and solid pay. Contrary to popular belief, government employees actually receive better compensation than their private sector counterparts. Compensation for workers in the public sector is kept at a competitive level to attract high quality professionals. With regard to work hours, on the other hand, government employees usually have to stick only to a regular nine-to-five schedule and there is hardly any need to work extra hours – a really attractive perk for people who wish to spend more time with their families.

Of course, employment in the government does come with a few drawbacks. One of these is less opportunities for promotions. Unlike in the private sector, where you can climb up the corporate ladder and get pay raises at a fast rate, getting higher positions in the public sector usually takes a longer time.

In addition to having fewer chances of getting promoted to a higher position, it may also be difficult to search government jobs and secure them. Available positions in the public sector are very limited and most may require more experience in the field and specialised training (a master’s degree or PhD, for example). Highly specific qualities may also be required for certain government jobs; public offices, for instance, may consider only indigenous members of the Aboriginal community for a healthcare position targeting the group.…

Difference Between Markets and Central Planning

Centrally planned economy is one where the government makes decisions about what to produce, how to produce, and who gets the final product. Opposite of that, in a market economy, Individuals own property and are free to trade such property and gain from trading property. Prices for goods are decided in a free market system where demand dictates what is made.

This had everything to do with the demise of the Soviet Union. Some problems in a planned economy such as shortages, surpluses, and other production mistakes. However, in a market economy, people are motivated to use knowledge and information, and there exists more incentives for productive decisions. The centralized economy of the USSR failed to reward individuals for hard work, so people did lousy work. But because individuals are rewarded for their hard work in a market economy, superior products are made.

Centrally planned economies are run by the government. In this model, the government decides what should be produced, mandates enterprises to produce those goods and who obtains the final output. For example, as our text points out, in a centrally planned economy all decisions about the use of property (e.g., how to use its resources) are made by government officials.

In a market economy, production, distribution, pricing, and investment decisions are made by the private owners to further their own interests and the interests of their stakeholders (e.g., customers, investors, employees). Again, using the example of property rights, a property owner can sell his/her land to another. Each party reaps the benefit(s) of the transaction without having to share the benefits with others.

The differences between market economies and central planning economies did contribute to the demise of Russia. As Russian citizens watched the collapse of the communist regimes in Central and Eastern Europe, nationalists in some of the Soviet republics believed that independence was obtainable. Contributing to this was Gorbachev’s unwillingness to use the military to maintain the territorial integrity of the Soviet Union.…

Tradition and Society – How a Culture Lives Or Dies

From the Latin word, tradere, meaning “to hand over” or “to hand down”, we derive the modern word, tradition. A tradition is something society finds intrinsically valuable — that is, of value in and of itself, and at the same time, standing the test of time.

Tradition has several elements:

  1. specific content such as music, dance, customs, laws, behaviors;
  2. persons charged with transmitting the content intact such as religious, secular or other leaders;
  3. recipients of tradition — the society as a whole

Content and Context

By its very nature, tradition has a social context. If it is central to a society, without it, the society disintegrates. Another way to say it is, tradition provides a particular society an awareness of its identity and the reason it exists. Tradition acts like a glue that holds a society together in peace, or a frame of reference within which to gauge behaviors of a society or its members.

Traditions are an inheritance, and cease to exist when they are no longer critical to the life of the society practicing them. Sometimes traditions are simply abandoned to the detriment of a society’s heritage and identity and must be reclaimed in some form to restore a lost or diminished identity.

Japanese director Yamada Yoji, when directing The Hidden Blade, referenced this point when he lamented the loss of certain gracious gestures and ways of thinking and acting that have disappeared from Japanese society at large through technological developments and Westernization. Directing period films brought home the need to preserve, at least in film, some of the ancient ways for the sake of the Japanese identity.

Transmission of Tradition

Tradition is not a dead and useless thing such as a bug frozen in amber, but rather is a living thing, which can be built upon and evolve. It grows organically from within as opposed to being imposed from outside. We cannot manufacture tradition any more than we can manufacture a star or a turtle or a tree. To attempt to transform a tradition fundamentally or massively as, for instance President Obama said he intended to do to America, is to kill it. We cannot turn a frog into a rabbit or a blade of grass into a cornstalk. And to attempt continually to change tradition trivializes all of what has gone before and those who handed it down faithfully.

Passing on the contents of any given tradition can be more or less successful, depending on the knowledge and dedication of those to whom the traditions have been entrusted. If no loyalty to the tradition exists in them, nor a sense of serious obligation, then the failure to pass on faithfully the tradition as given them results in a betrayal of the society.

D.Q. McInerny, Ph.D. Professor of Philosophy at Our Lady of Guadalupe Seminary wrote in the Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter Newsletter, May, 1999:

“The value of any tradition depends directly on the value of its contents, and its centrality to the society

Anger In Society Today

In this day and age, anger is a major player in every society. People are driven by anger, meaning that they do not have any self control and the decisions made by them are actually decisions made by anger. We could even go so far as to call society an ‘Anger Driven Society’, where everyone is prone to anger outbursts.

If we observe our society for a while, we may be astonished to see that even children and teenagers are prone to anger outbursts as well. They are turning their negative energy into negative ways by attempting suicide, substance abuse, getting involved in violent activities, drinking alcohol, and so forth. Anger management is an issue that faces people of all ages and backgrounds. This is evident by the number of adolescent and teen anger management programs that are becoming commonplace. There are even free anger management advice lines for parents with troublesome pre-school kids.

Stress is playing a greater role in life nowadays and the stressors are so many that one may almost feel incapable of coping with them. The result is that each and every person is in a potentially hostile mood and if their trigger point is just slightly pressed, they will go out of control. This is not an example of a healthy society, and we should seek ways and means of anger management to turn all our negative energies collectively into positive energies and protect the foundations of a peaceful society.

On a governmental level, every country’s officials are angry amongst themselves and everybody wants things to go their way. Religious leaders throughout the world can be as angry as anyone and they want to impose religion on everyone. But let’s also remember that no religion teaches it is correct to impose things on anyone or talk rudely to anyone, or deceive someone, or to steal from someone, or to cheat someone, or to hurt someone. I can go on and on with the list and it will never end.

Every one of us is subjected, I guess almost daily, to some situations in which we just get mad and express ourselves in a negative way and think that our anger will resolve the issue. We expect someone will be intimidated by our anger and will do what we want them to, but it does not happen like this, it is not normal and the general point of view is that such people are in need of strong anger management therapy.

Honesty and decency is the best policy, but today, it is very difficult for an honest and decent person to survive in such society, because an honest person cannot hurt or cheat anyone. They expect honesty from everybody else that they are dealing with and they reserve the right of getting angry and reacting to the situation, in which they are being deceived, but they do not lose their control and never forget their principles of anger management.

They will often use diplomacy and negotiation …

Skating and the Newton’s Laws

Physics is what drives the skates, be it the traditional roller skates or the new age inline skates. The world is all about science. And when it comes to talking about the science behind working of things, it is physics bang on.

Newton’s law of motion are comprised of three basic laws. Instead of going from laws 1 to 3, let us go in the order of how the skater begins skating and finally stops. This way the understanding of underlying laws becomes easy.

Starting the skating process

The skater begins the process of skating by pushing the toes and heels on the ground, opposite to the direction in which he/she wants to move. Here the energy from the muscles (potential energy) is transferred to the wheels (kinetic energy) of the skates. The skater moves because, the ground exerts an equal and opposite force to the wheels, thereby making it spin.

This is governed by Newton’s third law of motion which states that, “Every action has an equal and opposite reaction”. The action here was to push the ground with the skates and the equal and opposite reaction was to push the skater forward.

While this happens, the wheels spin because of a torque which is produced by friction from the ground. This friction is called static friction. This force causes one surface to slide over the other. It happens so that when the roller blades move forward, the surface of Earth moves backwards to let the skater move. Sounds bizarre?! Well, the Earth is so huge that you hardly notice that it is going few millimetres to the other side!

Repeating the process to gain speed

To go on this entire process is repeated over and over again to gain speed. This is governed by Newton’s second law which states, “The rate of change of momentum is proportional to the imposed force and goes in the direction of the force”. It means if you push twice as hard, the acceleration is going to be twice as much.

It also indicates that if you push the other way, you will decelerate, that is, reduce your speed. It also suggests that heavier the body (or the person), more force is required to accelerate. Hence, lighter the person, faster is the acceleration going to be.

Gliding with momentum

After a while the skater will start gliding or coasting. This occurs solely based on momentum gathered from the high speed gained earlier.

Newton’s first law of motions states this as, “A body remains at rest or in motion with a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force”. That is, the skater will continue to coast unless he/she stops by applying brakes or he/she bumps onto someone or falls and trips due to loss of balance.

This is how physics and skating are related by Newton’s laws of motion. Next time you skate, experience it from physic’s eyes.…

Social Control During the Roman Empire – Politics

Politics are a central instigator for social control as they set out the guidelines for how a culture is directed. During ancient Rome a number of political themes were in evidence as part of gladiatorial spectacles that exhibited social control. The rhetorician and advocate Fronto (no date) was well aware of the political power of the gladiatorial spectacle. He provides a fascinating insight into the political structure of the time, claiming that:

the human drives that lead men to demand the grain dole are less powerful than those which lead them to desire spectacle (Fronto no date, Letters 2.18.9-17)

Fronto is inferring that the power of spectacle outweighs that of life itself; in order to live the Romans require the grain. This is possibly a slightly exaggerated view point expressed by Fronto, as without life the Roman people would not be able to view the spectacle, however it does provide a useful indication as to how powerful the spectacle could be. In the same letter Fronto (no date, Letters 2.18.9-17) also points out the political significance of the spectacle:

that only the people eligible for the grain dole are won over by handouts of grain, and at that individually, whereas the whole people are won over by spectacles

Here Fronto is pointing out that the grain has an impact on the populace on an individual level, however the spectacle can win people over on a collective level. As the Roman games developed through the late Republic and into the empire the Roman games became increasingly more spectacular and more politically charged. Upon the formation of the Empire, Kyle (2007) argues that the Roman people surrendered any freedom that they had and succumbed to autocracy, both of which were substituted for spectacle and free food.

Political Status

Social control through gladiatorial spectacles could be used to enhance political status, via admiration of the populace and the acquisition of votes. Poliakoff (1987, p109) states that “the arena most clearly displayed the power and control of its organisers”. Fronto (no date, Letters 2.18.9-17), while discussing Trajan, highlights this further, stating that Trajan’s rule was endorsed by the populace as much for the gladiatorial spectacles that he put on as for more serious matters. Fronto also commented on the neglect of both these aspects stated that “serious things are neglected with greater loss, but games, with greater resentment” (Fronto no date, Letters 2.18.9-17).

The abolition of the Republic and formation of the Empire meant there was no longer the need to compete for votes, so the focus of gladiatorial spectacle changed to “fit the Emperor’s agenda” (Futrell 2006, p29). The gladiatorial spectacle provided Emperors with the opportunity to stamp their own authority on the people, Poliakoff (1987, p109) states that the Emperor was “the arbiter of life and death”.

Julius Caesar was fully aware of the power of the spectacle in determining his political status. Plutarch (75 CE) puts forward that he “entertained the people with three hundred and twenty single combats” and …

Keria Knightley’s Astrology-Numerology Combination – Aries Scientific Psychic

As Elizabeth Swann in the “Pirates of the Caribbean” films, Keria Knightly has become on of Hollywood’s favorite leading ladies. Literally born into acting, this young star has amassed a long list of credits. Most of us only know her from the roles she has played, yet there is far more to this talented young woman. Read on to learn what her Astrology Numerology combination tells us about this rising young star.

Astronumerology – Life Path and Horoscope Combined

If you want a quick way to know someone’s personality, Astronumerology is an excellent choice. This method involves using their date of birth to get their Astrology sun sign, and to calculate their Numerology Life path number. These two values single out one personality type from over (100) different combinations. The Life Path calculation involves summing the digits of someone’s full date of birth including the century, and then reducing the total to a single digit using fadic addition. In Keria Knightley’s case, her birth date of March 26th, 1985, tells us that her Astrology Numerology combination is Aries with a Life Path value of (7).

Aries (7) – The Scientific Psychic

People with this combination are perfectionist with strong psychic gifts. Education, particularly in the areas of history, law, medicine, politics, religion, and psychic phenomenon is a passion for these souls. Aries sevens will learn to do anything they set their mind to, practicing these new skills tirelessly until they can do them perfectly every time. These souls have limitless curiosity, and will try anything once. They love games for their own sake, and can play them for hours; yet when they tire of them, Aries sevens will walk away, forfeiting all to the total bewilderment of their opponents.

When an Aries seven, really wants something, they will find a way to get it, regardless of the obstacles in their path. They will try tactical strategy, or political savvy first, but if these fail, expect the impossible if that’s what it takes. These souls start out life fighting over trivial things, but as they get older, they learn to pick their battles with care and save their talents for things that really matter. Aries sevens are excellent at hiding their feelings and keeping secrets, unless they decide its in their best interest to open up and tell all. It’s easy for their foes to think they are predictable, but this is a trap that Aries sevens will often use to their advantage.


Keria Knightley’s Astrology Numerology combination bode well for her career. Her curiosity, and her ability to hide her true feelings behind a mask will let her assume many different roles. And, her ability to focus and get what she wants will bring her the roles she needs to stay on top of the A-List actresses. It will be really interesting to see where her passion for new things takes her in the next few years.…

Global Language of English – The Importance of Learning English

English has become one of the most important languages in the world. It has trickled even into lesser known countries as something that is needed to communicate with others. English is used in politics, business dealings, and everyday life. Many people are finding it hard to get by without knowing English. The global language of English is found in popular music, television programs and even on the internet. As a whole, there are more websites made in English than anywhere else. Realizing the importance of English, many people have taken it on as a second language.

Politics is one arena where English is important. In order for countries to communicate with each other, they must learn the native language. Since English speaking countries are a very important part of the global economy and its advancement, other political and country leaders must either learn English or find someone who knows English to interpret for them. Since it is considered bad manners to have things communicated through others, political leaders opt to learn the global language of English. This makes it easier for them to talk to their peers on matters of serious concern without feeling inadequate.

The business world has need for the global language of English as well. Many companies are expanding overseas. American companies are setting up shop in other countries, and there are companies that wish to transfer over to America. The language barrier must be broken somehow, so people in the business world are learning English. This makes it easier to broker deals, or tell potential partners what is expected of them. It is also a good way to communicate with potential employees. It is often the tradition of the business world that you need to know your potential partner’s native tongue. So if an American wants to initiate a deal with a Japanese business partner, the American needs to know Japanese. It’s considered proper business etiquette. With other countries wanting to set up businesses in English speaking countries, or needing to appeal to English speaking customers, they need to learn English.

Tourism is another area where English has been embraced. Many English speaking people like to visit different countries on vacation. It’s important for businesses in these countries to learn the global language of English since they will, in fact, be benefiting from the presence of tourists. They’ll spend their money to buy souvenirs from their businesses, sample and eat the food, and take tours. This benefits their economy as a whole.…

False Dichotomy: The Two-Party Political Farce

Politically active people in America, with the help of the corporate media, believe the nation is governed by a two-party political system. Upon closer inspection it’s more likely that special interest groups own both parties and use the false dichotomy to effectively push their agenda.

Every story has a central duality. In Star Wars it’s the rebels and the lights side against the empire and the dark side. There’s no middle ground, just a clear-cut picture of two opposing forces struggling for control of the galaxy. The same dualistic process plays out in the commercials that break up your favorite primetime sitcom; whether it’s Pepsi vs. Coke or Burger King vs. McDonalds, the core theme of these guys or those guys prevails. Are things really this simplistic in our world?

On the American political stage we find Democrats and Republicans, fighting fiercely for control of the nation’s policies and ultimate direction. Few issues create the passion evoked by a conversation about two-party politics. Water coolers, bars, family picnics, even church sewing circles, are lit up with the sparks that fly from this supercharged dichotomy.

Democrats are “liberal”, or on the left. Republicans are “conservative”, or on the right. It’s every bit as straightforward as Luke Skywalker on one side and Darth Vader on the other, as plain to see as Pepsi over here, Coke over there.

Or is it?

Democrats want to end the wars, elevate the poor to a higher standard of living, promote equal rights, and save the environment. At least that’s what they claim. According to Republicans, however, the Democratic Party is just a front for a Communist takeover, the destruction of big business, and the creation of a total welfare state that caters to drug addicts and same-sex partners.

The Republican Party believes in a strong national defense, capitalism, family values, and Jesus. So they say. Democrats, however, are pretty sure the Republicans want to start World War III, herd all the minorities into work camps, create a fascist super state, and forcefully convert the whole country to Christianity.

If you live in a rural area and support a citizen’s right to carry guns to church, you’re most likely a fervent Republican. If your home is in the suburbs of a major city and you constantly browbeat your co-workers for not driving a hybrid, it’s safe to assume you’re a Democrat.

You’re one or the other, unless you’re a bad American who either doesn’t vote, or who supports one of those “loony bin” political groups. There’s no way around it, right?

This is the vivid picture painted by talk radio hosts across the land. Is it a realistic depiction of the American political climate?

Yes and no. It’s pretty accurate in terms of portraying the public’s deeply polarized, generally uninformed ideology, but it’s anything but a genuine representation of what our political leadership is actually doing.

In fact, once you get past the campaign speeches and canned statements from the political press secretaries, this left-right, one-or-the-other …