Emile Durkheim’s Analysis of the Problem of Anomie and Its Connections

According to Durkheim, anomie is a breakdown of social norms and it is a condition where norms no longer control the activities of members in society. Individuals cannot find their place in society without clear rules to help guide them. Changing conditions as well as adjustment of life leads to dissatisfaction, conflict, and deviance. He observed that social periods of disruption leads to higher rates of suicide.

While suicide is an individual act, Durkheim argues that the suicide rate is a social fact; something that is external to any individual. It is a product of the social structure of any given society. Durkheim figured by examining the different types of suicide, he could identify key elements of social organization. He then collected several European nations’ suicide rate statistics, which proved to be relatively constant among those nations and among smaller demographics within those nations. He discovered a collective tendency towards suicide among White, Protestant males. Of equal importance to his methodology, Durkheim drew theoretical conclusions on the social causes of suicide. He proposed four types of suicide, based on the degrees of imbalance of two social forces: social integration and moral regulation. Integration is the extent of social relation binding a person or group to others and regulation is defined as the normative or moral demands placed on an individual that comes with membership in a group

Egoistic suicide resulted from lack of social integration. Individuals who were not sufficiently bound to social groups were left with little social support or guidance had higher rates of suicide. An example Durkheim discovered was that of unmarried people, particularly males who, with less to bind and connect them to stable social norms and goals, committed suicide at higher rates than unmarried people.

The second type, altruistic suicide occurs when individuals are too filled with society. It is also results from lack of social integration and is the opposite of egoistic suicide. The self lose significance, where individuals are so integrated into social groups that they lose sight of their individuality and became willing to sacrifice themselves to the group’s interests, even if that sacrifice was their own life. The most common cases of altruistic suicide occurred among members of the military.

On the second scale, that of moral regulation, lies the other two forms of suicide, the first of which is anomic suicide. Anomic suicide was divided it into four categories: acute and chronic economic anomie and acute and chronic domestic anomie. Each involved an imbalance of means and needs, where means were unable to fulfill needs.

Acute economic anomie is when traditional institutions such as religion and government fail to exercise the moral restraints on a capitalist society. Chronic economic anomie is the gradual diminishing of social regulation. Durkheim’s example of was the ongoing industrial revolution, which deteriorated traditional social rules and often failed to replace them. Obtaining wealth and property was not enough to make individuals happy, as was demonstrated by higher suicide rates among the wealthy than the poor.…

Long Island Limousine

The Great Gatsby, by the American author F. Scott Fitzgerald is set on Long Island’s North Shore and New York City during the summer of 1922. For Fitzgerald-both in fiction and real life-the automobile and more specifically, the limousine, was the ultimate status symbol; it gave proof of one’s location on the road to social and financial success. The chauffeured car was a device he often used as a central symbol in his writing, and Fitzgerald was not blind to the social phenomenon to the appearance that “wealth rolls by in limousines”.

Historically, the limousine has been a status symbol for powerful and rich people in American society, whether they were presidents, business bosses, celebrities or gangsters.

Though the word limousine is of French origin – it was originally used as a term for a cloaked carriage driver – the limo is a uniquely American invention. The first stretch limo was constructed in 1920’s by Armbruster & Company of Arkansas and rapidly became an international standard in ground transport for those wanting a blend of both comfort and prestige.

Most recently, news headlines have reported that the number of limos owned by United States government owned limousines increased by 73 percent during the first two years of the Obama administration. Officials said the increase reflects an enhanced effort to protect diplomats and other government officials in a dangerous world.

The presidential limousine or “state car” that transports President Obama carries many current Cadillac styling themes, but doesn’t exactly resemble any particular production vehicle. The car is fitted with tear-gas cannons, reinforced run-flat tires, and a wheelbase built to resist bomb and missile attacks. The interior is completely sealed to protect the President against the risk of a chemical or biological attack. Kept in the trunk is a blood bank of the President’s blood type. Interestingly, there are no key hole in the doors. Although a price tag has not been announced, there is a rumor that each limousine costs US$300,000.

The most expensive limousine ever made was produced by Rolls-Royce in December 2006. It is a stretched version of the Phantom and it is designed to be bulletproof and capable of sustaining a mine detonation. The granddaddy of all limos has a price tag to match its uniqueness: $3.8 million! So far, it’s the most expensive luxury car ever.

Even with the exorbitant price tags of these elite automobiles, hiring a limousine for the rest of us has become a popular and economical way to celebrate a special occasion. It is no longer limited to the world leader or the business executive. They are now an affordable option to anyone who wishes to travel in this mode of supreme luxury.

Long Island limousine services such as Long Island Limousine by Broward Limousine in Island Park, NY offer a wide array of ground transportation solutions that make travel by limousine a perfect addition to any birthday celebration, prom night or wedding ceremony. Stretch limousines are elegant and sophisticated which ensure that …

Tea Party Speech

Fellow Patriots!

Good afternoon, and welcome to our tea party! Let me begin with a quote from Thomas Jefferson: “When governments fear people, there is liberty. When the people fear the government, there is tyranny.”

At our tea party today, we are letting our government know that we do not fear it, and that we taxpayers will do whatever it takes to preserve our liberty.

I was asked to talk today about the massive expansion in government spending and taxation. I will explain why you should care about it, and how much of a threat it is to our way of life.

Let’s review recent spending programs implemented by the federal government:

· $700 billion for TARP I

· $750 billion for TARP II

· $819 billion for the Stimulus Bill

· $410 billion for the Omnibus Spending Bill (with 9000 earmarks for special interests)

· $3.6 trillion for the annual budget

And that’s just domestic spending! At the recent G20 summit, Obama committed America to huge overseas spending, including:

– $1 trillion for the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank

– $845 billion for the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals, known here in the U.S. as the Global Poverty Act

– Perhaps trillions more for a foreign aid program called Special Drawing Rights

– Perhaps trillions more for the initiatives of the UN Climate Change Conference

The good news is that the G20 overseas spending proposals have not yet been approved by Congress. The bad news is that Congress is controlled by Nancy Pelosi and Harry Reid.

The worse news is that none of this money actually exists! Here are a few frightening facts to put these spending proposals in perspective:

· The national debt at the end of Obama’s first term will be greater than our entire Gross Domestic Product.

· If you spent $2 million dollars every single day during every single year from the birth of Christ until today, you will still not have spent as much as Obama’s budget deficit planned for the coming year.

· If you added up all of the debt accumulated by all of the presidents from George Washington through George W. Bush in the course of 234 years, Obama’s proposed debt exceeds that amount in just his first four-year term.

· And here’s the one that ought to frighten every taxpayer to death: If the government had to account for its finances like a private business, its true deficit is actually $65 trillion, which exceeds the GDP of the entire world. This is because future obligations, like Social Security and Medicare benefits liabilities, are completely unfunded. There is not a single penny saved for these programs, but we are already committed to the spending.

So, what are we getting for these trillions and trillions of dollars? Here’s a sampling:

· We will get nothing for the trillions Obama has committed to spend on U.N. and IMF initiatives, other than perhaps other countries may accept Obama’s apology for American arrogance.…

Tort Law Change and Its Impact on Society

A tort is a wrongful act, damage, or injury that is done willfully, negligently, or in situations that involve strict liability. However, a Tort does not involve contract breach in which a civil lawsuit might be initiated. Recently, we have seen supporters of the legal system in this country trying to connect litigation for torts with a number of things such as pushing medical professionals out of business all the way to closing down public parks.

Most of these supporters agree that the current tort system in this country is putting a huge strain on the economy. This issue has become so serious that even President Bush is pushing for tort law change in which our economic growth would be improved, particularly through the creation of new jobs. While tort litigation is not going anywhere and it is valuable in some cases, the current law is forcing liability insurance to outrageous levels in many sectors.

For instance, because of the high cost of tort litigation, we see wages decreasing, corporate profits being greatly affected, productivity going down, and even research and development being discouraged. The bottom line is that the rising cost of torts is having a dynamic impact on our society. Many now argue that by changing the current tort system, we would have a chance of boosting the economy while others feel a new tort system would actually have the opposite effect in discouraging the development of new jobs.

Let us look at how the current tort system plays. A mother and child decide to spend a sunny afternoon at the local community swimming pool. While the child is jumping off the side of the pool into the water, the mother gets up to go inside for something to drink. At this same time, the on-duty lifeguard is working in another area of the pool. The child jumps into the shallow end, hits his head on the bottom of the pool, and becomes paralyzed. Although the mother may not win a lawsuit in court, her claim of negligence toward the lifeguard would consume legal fees in his/her defense.

Now, apply the current tort laws with every aspect of our society, and you can see how significant the problem is. For instance, the woman who spilled hot coffee in her lap after buying it from McDonald’s was actually awarded money. Her claim in the lawsuit was that the coffee was too hot and that no warning was provided, not that she was at fault for spilling it. We see so many instances in which the current tort laws affect the economy of this society.

Keep in mind that the tort system does offer benefits. For instance, unsafe products, inappropriate practices, respectful resolution, are all good things. However, when you look at the current tort laws and weigh pros and cons, some serious issues come to light. Changing this law is something being scrutinized to determine if in fact a new tort system would boost the economy while still provide …

Famous Poets Quotations – Top 30 Poetry Quotations by Famous Poets

  1. “For this reason poetry is something more philosophical and more worthy of serious attention than history.”
    — Aristotle
  2. “Every American poet feels that the whole responsibility for contemporary poetry has fallen upon his shoulders, that he is a literary aristocracy of one.”
    — W. H. Auden
  3. “Eloquence is the poetry of prose.”
    — William C. Bryant
  4. “If I feel physically as if the top of my head were taken off, I know that is poetry.”
    — Emily Dickinson
  5. “How poetry comes to the poet is a mystery.”
    — Elizabeth Drew
  6. “She opened up a book of poems and handed it to me written by an Italian poet from the 13th century and every one of them words rang true and glowed like burning coal pouring off of every page like it was written in my soul from me to you.”
    — Bob Dylan
  7. “When a poet’s mind is perfectly equipped for its work, it is constantly amalgamating disparate experiences.”
    — T S Eliot
  8. “Painting was called silent poetry and poetry speaking painting.”
    — Ralph Waldo Emerson
  9. “Only poetry inspires poetry.”
    — Ralph Waldo Emerson
  10. “Poetry is a way of taking life by the throat.”
    — Robert Frost
  11. “The man is either mad, or he is making verses.”
    — Horace
  12. “Good religious poetry . . . is likely to be most justly appreciated and most discriminately relished by the undevout.”
    — A. E. Housman
  13. “I did not believe political directives could be successfully applied to creative writing . . . not to poetry or fiction, which to be valid had to express as truthfully as possible the individual emotions and reactions of the writer.”
    — Langston Hughes
  14. “I went for years not finishing anything. Because, of course, when you finish something you can be judged . . . I had poems which were re-written so many times I suspect it was just a way of avoiding sending them out.”
    — Erica Jong
  15. “As I am a poet I express what I believe, and I fight against whatever I oppose, in poetry.”
    — June Jordan
  16. “Poetry, even when apparently most fantastic, is always a revolt against artifice, a revolt, in a sense, against actuality.”
    — James Joyce
  17. “Poetry should surprise by a fine excess and not by singularity –it should strike the reader as a wording of his own highest thoughts, and appear almost a remembrance.”
    — John Keats
  18. “Conventional wisdom notwithstanding, there is no reason either in football or in poetry why the two should not meet in a man’s life if he has the weight and cares about the words.”
    — Archibald MacLeish
  19. “I see no reason for calling my work poetry except that there is no other category in which to put it.”
    — Marianne Moore
  20. “I’ve never read a political poem that’s accomplished anything. Poetry makes things happen, but rarely what the poet wants.”
    — Howard Nemerov
  21. “And he whose fustian’s so sublimely bad/ It is not poetry, but prose run mad.”
    — Alexander Pope
  22. “I have written

Shirdi Darshan for Government Employees

For the government employees, the Shri Saibaba Sansthan Trust (SSST) steps up the swiftness of Darshan (virtual heavenly visit). They get quick access to the sanctum sanctorum. This is a worth welcoming move taken by the Saibaba temple management. The Indians working in various departments of central or state administrations will not have to stand in long queues anymore. They are simply allowed to enter Shirdi Temple directly. Such persons will not at all have to line up for the Saibaba shrine entry even in future.

For retired government employees or senior citizen, the SSST takes responsibility of serving them water, tea, coffee, milk and biscuits from time to time during the time they stand in line for darshan. This facility is being made available to those pensioners devoted to SaiBaba only who are unable to stand longer in queues.

Henceforth, entering Saibaba Shrine would not be any problem for people working in different public sector institutions. They can apply for special darshan pass. These special Shirdi Darshan for Government Employees and VIP passes are obtainable from P.R.O. (Public Relation Office) located nearby the temple. The new facility is going to help government servants skip queues and get direct entry into temple.

Shirdi is one of the India’s 10 richest shrines in the Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra. Lucky ones can snap up opportunity to go along their elderly retired government family member as the SSST gives permission to one person escort her/him. The gate no. 3 is serving special purpose. Such devotees enter through the gate on the left hand side which brings to Mukh Darshan as well. Another entrance on the right side is used for the senior citizens of any type Indians or non-Indians or public sector servants. This entry is special during peak periods in particular. Devotees get direct entry into the Samadhi shrine through a special gate opposite the former Udhi Distribution Room.

They go for darshan with disabled persons, citizens and other VIPs. All through festival seasons, including weekends i.e., Saturday and Sunday, they get special entry pass to go in the temple through gate meant for VIPs/senior citizens/Disabled/Government employees.

A majestic Palkhi (Palanquin) program is pulled out on every Thursday at 09:15p.m.

In normal periods, when there is not much rush, the Darshanathree (devotee/s) are allowed directly inside the main temple through the entry opposite to the Announcement Room next to the old shoe stand area. This is a special entry gate for VIPs. Step a few stairs down where other pass holders join you to reach Baba’s Samadhi Sanctum.

For darshan passes and guidance, contact to the PRO office. The official working beings at a specific timing. The timings of purchasing passes are:

· 07:30-11:00a.m.

· 02:30- 05:00 p.m.

· 07:30-10:00p.m

With these special passes, Shirdi Darshan for government employees get darshan opportunity as they are given direct entry to the temple from a separate gate by which they cut out the long standing in queues. So Shirdi Darshan for government employees is …

India Copyright Law

The copyright protection act 1957 is followed by the whole of India. It came in to force by the Central Government by notification in the official gazette. The main objective of the copyright act is to give protection to the owner or the creator. The earliest statue law in India relating to copyright is the Indian copyright act of 1847 passed during the east India Company’s regime. The Indian copyright act of 1914 was a modified version of the British copyright act of 1911.

The copyright act 1957 is the primary legislation dealing with the protection of copyright in India. It contains 79 sections and it is supplemented by the copyright rules of 1958. The protection act defines various terms such as author, artistic work, literary work, dramatic work, cinematography films, sound recordings, broadcasting, public undertaking, government work, works of international organization, music piracy, exclusive license, ownership, term of copyright etc.

The copyright act 1957 introduced many salient features. A copyright office was launched under the control of a Registrar. They will act under the superintendence and direction of the Central Government. The board has facilities for registration of copyright and to settle certain kinds of dispute arising under the act and for compulsory licensing of copyright. The term varies according to the categories of the author’s work.

It includes the Provisions to determine the first ownership of copyright in various categories of work, author’s special rights, civil and criminal remedies against infringement etc. It includes international protection for copyright such as namely Berne convention, universal copyright convention etc.

The copyright protection act is to encourage authors, composers and artists to create original works. The exclusive right is for a limited period to reproduce the works. It is mainly for the benefit of the public. On the expiry of the copyright term, the work belongs to the public domain and anyone may reproduce the work without permission.

India is a member of both the conventions which were revised at Paris in 1941. The parliament of India enacted the copyright amendment act 1983 with the specific purpose of incorporating the provisions of compulsory license for translation and reproduction of foreign works required for instructional purposes, protection of author’s right etc.

The next bill of the proposed amendment act 1984 includes the main objective such as increasing the punishment for the infringement of copyright, like imprisonment and fine. Enhanced punishment in case of second and subsequent provisions. The salient features of third amendment act 1994 provides performer’s rights protection of artistic presentation made by live performer, copyright societies seeking to promote collective administration of the rights of authors etc. The act was again amended in 1999 which amended definition of literary work meaning of copyright in respect of computer programme etc.…

Swift’s Criticism of Society in "A Modest Proposal"

Anglo-Irish writer Jonathan Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” (anonymously published in 1729) is a powerful political satire about the economic and social conditions of the poor in Ireland under British rule. The essay is rich with references to political events in England and Ireland in the 18th century. Swift takes ‘irony’ as the best weapon to attack on all kinds of vice and injustice prevailing in the society. Now we will see how Swift criticizes the society in his essay.

Before, entering into our discussion we are to know something the miserable condition of that Ireland. Actually the misfortune of Ireland begins when, in 1541, the Irish recognizes England’s Henry viii, a Protestant, as king of Ireland. The protestant landlords acquire almost ten percent of estates. Meanwhile, a law is enacted limiting the rights of Irish to hold government office, purchase, real estate and get education. Consequently, many of Irish flee away and those who remain live in poverty disease and starvation.

The essayist, at the very beginning of the essay, states the deplorable economic condition and social picture of Ireland under the British rule. As the author says:

“IT is a melancholly Object to those, who walk through this great Town, or travel in the Country; when they see the Streets, the Roads, and Cabbin-doors crowded with Beggars of the Female Sex, followed by three, four, or six Children, all in Rags, and importuning every Passenger for an Alms.”

Moreover, the author fears that, when the infants of these beggars grow up, “either turn Thieves for want of Work; or leave their dear Native Country, to fight for the Pretender in Spain, or sell themselves to the Barbadoes.”

This miserable situation is, in fact, resulted by the indifference of English administration and the oppression of landlords. Instead of solving the problem the British government shows a great carelessness to the repeated appeals to feed those hungry mouths.

Now, swift, as an English patriot finds out a “fair, cheap, and easy Method of making these Children sound and useful Members of the Commonwealth”. He wants to come with a proposal in such a manner, as he says:

“… as, instead of being a Charge upon their Parents, or the Parish, or wanting Food and Raiment for the rest of their Lives; they shall, on the contrary, contribute to the Feeding, and partly to the Cloathing, of many Thousands.”

Swift criticizes the authority by prospecting that this scheme “will prevent those voluntary Abortions, and that horrid Practice of Women murdering their Bastard Children” which is “too frequent among us”. His criticism towards the English administration becomes more clear when he doubts that, the poor innocent babies are killed “more to avoid the Expence than the Shame”. The author mocks the intellectuals and the policy makers of the time by proposing his grotesque proposal in the most formal manner with a great gravity. As the essayist comments:

“I SHALL now therefore humbly propose my own Thoughts; which I hope will not be liable …

Is the Concept of the Secret Law of Attraction Difficult to Grasp?

The Secret Law of Attraction maybe simple but it will certainly help you meet, achieve and reach the life of your dreams. It is simple because you just need to understand how the secret law works.

Besides helping you getting what you desire, the secret law makes you feel more relaxed, more centered and alert. As we all know when we are relaxed, centered and alert, we work best.

If you had wanted to use the Secret Law of Attraction before but were finding it very difficult to understand, do not give up as this article will help you fully grasp the concept of it. After understanding the law, you will be better at it and improving the application of the secret law in your daily lives.

It is like everything else. When you face challenges, please do not give up. It is known that we tend to find ourselves making excuses for not being successful. You must never allow yourself to quit. At least it is a consolation for us to know that the Secret Law of Attraction works in this physical world around us whether we are aware of it or not. That means, you can easily find success when you want to. However, be aware that the Secret Law of Attraction can also works against you if you focus on the wrong things, and that is why you should always focus on what you want instead of what you don’t want.

An amazing example of how Jack Canfield – the author of the Chicken Soup for the Soul series of books – became successful. He has sold almost $2 billion dollars! Isn’t that incredible? He attributed his success by writing an empty check of $1 million dollar even before he finished the book. Isn’t that the Secret Law of Attraction at play?

Thus, you must always set goals for yourself to aid in your progress. The Secret Law of Attraction helps you learn why most people are “programmed” for unhappiness and what to do about it! You want to always envision a positive outcome. Even if your financial situation is not healthy for now, but you know it is just temporary and you will be able to get your financial affairs in order, too.

I tell people around me to never give up on their dreams, the Universe and God are here to help us and what greater power can we need. The point is you can achieve or obtain anything you want, big or small, using The Secret Law of Attraction. Any doubts I’d had have been dispelled since I understand the law. So you must take actions today!

This information is going to be the backbone of your quest to positive thinking. Visualize what you want, take action to make it happen, overcome any fears and keep plugging away, remember that tree that you see in your local park didn’t get that big overnight.…

How Do I Find a Good Political Campaign Manager?

Almost every great campaign has a great political campaign manager standing behind it. Apart from the candidate, the campaign manager is the most important person on the team, responsible not only for the day to day operations of the campaign, but also for a significant portion of the big-picture planning and strategy.

Small local campaigns often have a hard time finding a qualified and available campaign manager. Often, their solution is to have the candidate serve as his own campaign manager, guiding a team of volunteers, family, and friends. This is a huge mistake. Every campaign needs a manager that is not the candidate, even if the manager is only a volunteer or part-time staff member. Candidates need to shake hands, make speeches, and ask for donations… they can’t do those jobs if they are also trying to run the day to day operations of the campaign.

Where, then, can a small, local campaign find a talented manager? Here are some places to start the search:

-Managers of Past Elections – talk to former candidates for the office you are seeking, as well as candidates and politicians in your area to find out who is running the smaller campaigns in your community and whether or not they are available.

-Your Local Political Party – call your local party headquarters and ask who they would recommend. Often, political operatives with only a few campaigns under their belt maintain a relationship with local party offices seeking new opportunities.

-Recent College Graduates – check with your local college’s political science department (both undergrad and graduate programs) to see if they know anyone who might be interested in getting their feet wet in a campaign management position. You’d be surprised how many poli sci majors in college also have significant volunteer campaign experience by the time they graduate.

-Friends of the Candidate – while it is often more desirable to have a political campaign manager who has campaign experience, it is not always possible to find someone who has experience and is available. Under these circumstances, the campaign should seek out a friend of the candidate who is organized, confident, and willing to learn to serve as campaign manager, possibly with ongoing counsel from paid consultants.

Finding a great political campaign manager is a tough task for campaigns without great exposure or lots of cash, but it can be done. Ask around, talk to previous candidates and current politicians, and don’t forget your local college campus. Above all, remember that letting the candidate serve as his or her own campaign manager is often a recipe for trouble.…