Swift’s Criticism of Society in "A Modest Proposal"

Anglo-Irish writer Jonathan Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” (anonymously published in 1729) is a powerful political satire about the economic and social conditions of the poor in Ireland under British rule. The essay is rich with references to political events in England and Ireland in the 18th century. Swift takes ‘irony’ as the best weapon to attack on all kinds of vice and injustice prevailing in the society. Now we will see how Swift criticizes the society in his essay.

Before, entering into our discussion we are to know something the miserable condition of that Ireland. Actually the misfortune of Ireland begins when, in 1541, the Irish recognizes England’s Henry viii, a Protestant, as king of Ireland. The protestant landlords acquire almost ten percent of estates. Meanwhile, a law is enacted limiting the rights of Irish to hold government office, purchase, real estate and get education. Consequently, many of Irish flee away and those who remain live in poverty disease and starvation.

The essayist, at the very beginning of the essay, states the deplorable economic condition and social picture of Ireland under the British rule. As the author says:

“IT is a melancholly Object to those, who walk through this great Town, or travel in the Country; when they see the Streets, the Roads, and Cabbin-doors crowded with Beggars of the Female Sex, followed by three, four, or six Children, all in Rags, and importuning every Passenger for an Alms.”

Moreover, the author fears that, when the infants of these beggars grow up, “either turn Thieves for want of Work; or leave their dear Native Country, to fight for the Pretender in Spain, or sell themselves to the Barbadoes.”

This miserable situation is, in fact, resulted by the indifference of English administration and the oppression of landlords. Instead of solving the problem the British government shows a great carelessness to the repeated appeals to feed those hungry mouths.

Now, swift, as an English patriot finds out a “fair, cheap, and easy Method of making these Children sound and useful Members of the Commonwealth”. He wants to come with a proposal in such a manner, as he says:

“… as, instead of being a Charge upon their Parents, or the Parish, or wanting Food and Raiment for the rest of their Lives; they shall, on the contrary, contribute to the Feeding, and partly to the Cloathing, of many Thousands.”

Swift criticizes the authority by prospecting that this scheme “will prevent those voluntary Abortions, and that horrid Practice of Women murdering their Bastard Children” which is “too frequent among us”. His criticism towards the English administration becomes more clear when he doubts that, the poor innocent babies are killed “more to avoid the Expence than the Shame”. The author mocks the intellectuals and the policy makers of the time by proposing his grotesque proposal in the most formal manner with a great gravity. As the essayist comments:

“I SHALL now therefore humbly propose my own Thoughts; which I hope will not be liable …

Is the Concept of the Secret Law of Attraction Difficult to Grasp?

The Secret Law of Attraction maybe simple but it will certainly help you meet, achieve and reach the life of your dreams. It is simple because you just need to understand how the secret law works.

Besides helping you getting what you desire, the secret law makes you feel more relaxed, more centered and alert. As we all know when we are relaxed, centered and alert, we work best.

If you had wanted to use the Secret Law of Attraction before but were finding it very difficult to understand, do not give up as this article will help you fully grasp the concept of it. After understanding the law, you will be better at it and improving the application of the secret law in your daily lives.

It is like everything else. When you face challenges, please do not give up. It is known that we tend to find ourselves making excuses for not being successful. You must never allow yourself to quit. At least it is a consolation for us to know that the Secret Law of Attraction works in this physical world around us whether we are aware of it or not. That means, you can easily find success when you want to. However, be aware that the Secret Law of Attraction can also works against you if you focus on the wrong things, and that is why you should always focus on what you want instead of what you don’t want.

An amazing example of how Jack Canfield – the author of the Chicken Soup for the Soul series of books – became successful. He has sold almost $2 billion dollars! Isn’t that incredible? He attributed his success by writing an empty check of $1 million dollar even before he finished the book. Isn’t that the Secret Law of Attraction at play?

Thus, you must always set goals for yourself to aid in your progress. The Secret Law of Attraction helps you learn why most people are “programmed” for unhappiness and what to do about it! You want to always envision a positive outcome. Even if your financial situation is not healthy for now, but you know it is just temporary and you will be able to get your financial affairs in order, too.

I tell people around me to never give up on their dreams, the Universe and God are here to help us and what greater power can we need. The point is you can achieve or obtain anything you want, big or small, using The Secret Law of Attraction. Any doubts I’d had have been dispelled since I understand the law. So you must take actions today!

This information is going to be the backbone of your quest to positive thinking. Visualize what you want, take action to make it happen, overcome any fears and keep plugging away, remember that tree that you see in your local park didn’t get that big overnight.…

How Do I Find a Good Political Campaign Manager?

Almost every great campaign has a great political campaign manager standing behind it. Apart from the candidate, the campaign manager is the most important person on the team, responsible not only for the day to day operations of the campaign, but also for a significant portion of the big-picture planning and strategy.

Small local campaigns often have a hard time finding a qualified and available campaign manager. Often, their solution is to have the candidate serve as his own campaign manager, guiding a team of volunteers, family, and friends. This is a huge mistake. Every campaign needs a manager that is not the candidate, even if the manager is only a volunteer or part-time staff member. Candidates need to shake hands, make speeches, and ask for donations… they can’t do those jobs if they are also trying to run the day to day operations of the campaign.

Where, then, can a small, local campaign find a talented manager? Here are some places to start the search:

-Managers of Past Elections – talk to former candidates for the office you are seeking, as well as candidates and politicians in your area to find out who is running the smaller campaigns in your community and whether or not they are available.

-Your Local Political Party – call your local party headquarters and ask who they would recommend. Often, political operatives with only a few campaigns under their belt maintain a relationship with local party offices seeking new opportunities.

-Recent College Graduates – check with your local college’s political science department (both undergrad and graduate programs) to see if they know anyone who might be interested in getting their feet wet in a campaign management position. You’d be surprised how many poli sci majors in college also have significant volunteer campaign experience by the time they graduate.

-Friends of the Candidate – while it is often more desirable to have a political campaign manager who has campaign experience, it is not always possible to find someone who has experience and is available. Under these circumstances, the campaign should seek out a friend of the candidate who is organized, confident, and willing to learn to serve as campaign manager, possibly with ongoing counsel from paid consultants.

Finding a great political campaign manager is a tough task for campaigns without great exposure or lots of cash, but it can be done. Ask around, talk to previous candidates and current politicians, and don’t forget your local college campus. Above all, remember that letting the candidate serve as his or her own campaign manager is often a recipe for trouble.…