4 Common Causes of Office Politics

“Office Politics” can be defined as using real OR perceived power and control to get what you want – be it tangible (a raise, corner office, etc.) or intangible (a promotion, visibility, influence over others) sometimes at the expense of others. This definition brings home the fact that office politics is inevitable.

What organization doesn’t have a hierarchy of some type? What company does not have managers, supervisors, presidents, CEOs, etc. that exert some authority? 90 percent of our newsletter recipients and other respondents to a survey about the subject admitted to being aware of office politics in their organization. Many of them also admitted that they knew of conflicts in the organization caused by office politics.

4 Common Causes of Negative Office Politics

1. Scarcity of Resources – Not enough resources to go around and everyone wants to get “their share”. This often causes back-stabbing and manipulation at varying degrees.

2. Extremely Competitive Work Environment – Performance not only based on production, skill or ability but mainly on “winning” from an individual perspective not an organizational one. Often work relationships are sabotaged and rampent burnout occurs due to the high level of competition.

3. An inordinate desire to advance in an organization – Wanting to advance not solely on merit but due to a need to have a “title” or certain position.

4. Abuse of power to manipulate others – Using a position of authority to manipulate others by any means.

Navigating the terrain of negative office politics can be daunting, but knowing exactly what they are truly all about at their root can give you some insight on how to respond.…

Factors Affecting the Labor Market – Determination of Wages and The Activities of Trade Unions

Determination of wages

Wages can be determined through the following: the forces of demand and supply in a market economy; government activities and policies and the activities of trade union. A very comprehensive understanding about these factors gives a clear picture on how determination of wages greatly influences the labor market.

The forces of demand and supply in a market economy: The wages of labor in a market economy can be determined through the forces of demand and supply. In a competitive labor market, there are so many employers and unorganized employees resulting in a situation where a single employer or employee cannot influence the wage rate either by refusing to be employed or to employ. Wage rate in a competitive labor market can be determined in the following manner:

1. When the supply of labor exceeds the demand, wage rate will fall.

2. When the demand for labor exceeds the supply, wage rate will rise.

When the demand, for labor equals the supply, wage rate will be favorable to both employer and the employee.

Government activities and policies: Government institutions and wage commissions set up by government help in determining wages, especially in the public services. In fixing wages, the government agency or wage commission takes the following factors into consideration.

1. Cost of living: The higher the cost of living, the higher wages are likely to be. If workers spend so much to get the essentials of life, then there is need to pay workers higher wages to enable them meet up. Imagine when you do the opposite-how would the labor market be affected?

2. Level of productivity: The greater the level of production in the country, the higher the wage rate. Definitely, you do not expect staff of an industry to play cool with you when they work an average of 8 hours for 6 days of the week bringing an annual returns of billion of US dollars and yet you pay them a ‘summer-job’ wages.

3. Type of occupation: The wage structure varies from one occupation to another. The wage structure for each category of labor is based on degree of scarcity of labor, the risks involved, etc. So various salary grade levels are fixed for different categories of labor in the civil service.

The activities of trade Unions

A trade union is association of workers formed to enable the members to take collective, rather than individual, action against their employers in matters relating to their welfare and conditions of work. They are formed by workers who seek protection and promotion of their interests. Examples of trade unions are

1. Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA)

2. Associated Actors and Artistes of America (4As)

3. American Federation of Teachers (AFT)

4. American Federation of Musicians of the United States and Canada (AFM)

5. California Nurses Association/ National Nurses Organizing Committee (CAN/NNOC)

6. Farm Labor Organizing Committee (FLOC)

7. nternational Association of Bridge, Structural, Ornamental and Reinforcing Iron Workers

8. International Union of Elevator Constructors (IUEC)…

Feminism and Spiritualism – Changing Humanity Together

The religion now known as ‘Modern Spiritualism’ officially and literally burst through to the world in the small village of Hydesville, New York, late in March of 1848. The phenomena that began when young sisters Maggie and Kate Fox reported ‘rappings’ on the walls of their home, has grown into a religion that currently, according to the International Spiritualist Federation, has both individual and group members in over 35 countries worldwide. The National Spiritualist Association of Churches, (NSAC) describes the religion on their website as follows, “Spiritualism is the Science, Philosophy, and Religion of continuous life, based upon the demonstrated fact of communication, by means of mediumship, with those who live in the Spirit World. Spiritualism is founded upon a Declaration of Principles, nine in number, received from the Spirit World by means of mediumship. They provide a firm and tangible foundation on which to base the knowledge of Spiritualism.” Although not listed as one of the top ten religions of the world, there are many who have a belief in spirit communication, even though they are not a registered member of the Spiritualist religion. The number of believers, understandably because of the fraud found in this particular discipline, is difficult to ascertain.

Now back in 1848, and not twenty five miles away from the initial rappings heard in Hydesville, the feminist movement had their First Women’s Rights Convention at the Wesleyan Chapel in Seneca Falls, New York on July 19 and 20 – just a few short months after spirit began communicating with women in that same geographic area. From the handful of women who began to stand up for themselves, grew a cohesive network of individuals who were committed to changing society in the United States by demanding rights that were equal to those of their male counterparts in all areas. A group of strong and outspoken women who this paper will show, were regular attendees at séances given by the many mediums in the area, and were pivotal to the beginnings of a movement that ultimately led to a woman’s right to vote in this country.

Is it coincidental that these two major events in the history of the United States occurred at the very same time? Did women finally find their voices and the strength to use them only after counsel with spirit? Did the readings from the Fox sisters, and readings from other women who found that they also had mediumship qualities give the women of that era the strength to finally stand up for equality in that Victorian male dominated world? Although the women’s uprising in most circles is attributed to ‘Renegade Quakers’, a deeper look reveals that it was indeed spirit communication that played a key role in the unprecedented social change events taking place in the mid to late 1800’s in Upstate New York, and throughout the world.

The United States in the mid to late 1800’s was in cultural and spiritual upheaval after the Second Great Awakening in the early part …

How To Attract Women Using Law Of Attraction – Become A Magnet For Beautiful Women

If you’re looking for the best way on how to attract women using law of attraction then it’s simply aligning your unconscious mind with what you want. In this case it’s to attract beautiful women.

You see our conscious mind is our goal setter but it’s our unconscious mind that is the goal getter.

No matter how much conscious effort you make, it will all be in vain if you are not unconsciously congruent in your desire to attract women.

So what we need to do is have the right mindset to attract and pickup women. Our confidence and self-esteem need to be at the right amount necessary to take action when required and any self-limiting beliefs and fears need to be vanquished from our unconscious mind.

You see the law of attraction is always working. It is always sending out a constant frequency into the universe based on our habitual thought patterns. It doesn’t matter whether they are positive or negative, ultimately we will reap what we sow.

If you believe that attracting women is hard then that is the frequency you are sending out to the universe and the universe will respond by validating your belief by presenting you with a reality where attracting women is hard for you.

When you understand how to attract women using the law of attraction you’ll be able to effortlessly attract an abundance of women into your life. Picking up girls, approaching women you don’t know and creating sexual tension will all become easier for you if you have the right mindset.

Just imagine if you had the belief that women find you irresistibly sexy. What do you think would be your reality then?

As anything the law of attraction would manifest the reality for you to validate your belief. You will find that women indeed find you irresistibly sexy.

Not only that but because of that belief you would also behave differently around women. You would have more confidence around them and maybe even some cheeky arrogance. You’re fears if you had any would also start to diminish, all because of changing just one unconscious belief.

Beliefs are constant filters of our reality that work an unconscious level to dictate what we will and won’t do. If you believe you can approach a girl and get her number you’ll be ready to take action where as if you don’t believe you can do it you’ll hesitate and be paralyzed by approach anxiety.

In order to install a new empowering belief to harness the law of attract to attract women, you need to clear the old self-limiting belief first.…

Public Office is a Public Trust

The three words Public, Office and Trust carry great weight and imply sense of duty and moral responsibility. It is always a great privilege to hold an office, more so a public office and to render service honestly and fairly without fear or favor. The greater or higher is the office, the greater is the responsibility. The word office is synonymous with duty, with act of worship.

Once the Emperor of China, gave an official admiration to the officers of his government in remarkable words worth quoting that one who sincerely serves his country leaves fragrance of a good name to a hundred years, he who does not, leave a name that stinks for tens of thousands of years”. Trust and honor go together. He who is honest is always trusted and honored. And when honor is gone, man is dead.

The proposition : ‘Public office is a public trust’ is a worthy maxim, can be used as a touch-stone for judging actions of those who claim to be public servants or who talk high to serve the people, the community and the nation. The higher is the office, the greater is the authority or power derived from the office. Misuse of power or abuse of authority is not only breach of trust but also a public crime and a moral slur.

Territory, population and an organized government are the three essentials of a nation. The government runs the affairs of the state through a well knitted administration. Since earliest times there has been a division of subjects and creation of departments for dealing with the state subjects – the affairs of the state. In every form of government there has been division of subjects and creation and classification of the departments. The people who run the government and manage the departments, must be honest, responsible and dutiful. Then only they can be worthy of trust and real servants of the people.

The word ‘Administer’ has its roots in Latin word: ‘Ad’ and ‘Minister ate’ which means to minister, to manage, to serve. Thus, it implies that an administrator is a public servant. The three organs of the government i.e. the Legislature, the Executive and the Judiciary are responsible for making of policies and running the administration. In the present context an administrator is educated to realize that administration In a welfare state, is a harmonious combination of men and materials It consists in, proper channelization of available manpower, natural resources and development of human facilities. Administration or running of public office is a collective and not an individual activity.…