Biometric technology is a system that uses human body parts for the certainty of recognition. This technology uses the unique human body parts.
There are many types of biometric systems, but until now, technology that is often used is fingerprints. Iris recognition or a special point of face has not been widely applied for reasons of economic factors.
This technology is very useful for authentication security in this day because the security that is done by using passwords has many weaknesses. Unfortunately, biometric technology apparently has some problems in its implementation, especially implementation that is associated with the development and diffusion. The problems could be the lack of biometric standards internationally and the privacy and security issues. The problems become a big influence in the development, deployment and management of biometric services.
However, the new international development, such as the setting system of VISA in the United States, puts biometrics at some political agendas in the context of enforcing electronic government. Then, the law about “Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act” and the new border control policy of the United States are published.
Related to the case, the countries that have rights in the liberation program of VISA, including all countries that are currently members of the European Union, are required to create a program that provides biometric passports for every citizen. European countries have begun to update their border control policies by using biometric authentication. The countries include British, Bulgarian, French, German, and Italian.
Australian custom agencies have been issuing the example of biometric passport identifiers, and the Japanese government is developing biometric features in passports of every citizen.