Components to Ideology

Socialism, Nationalism, Authoritarianism and Republicanism are some of what is termed as ideology. Simply put they are constructs that rationalize society and the political life of a community. They also give insight into the relationships of individuals and lay the foundation for the creation of particular political communities. They are also the source of policies upon which a government which espouses them enacts. They are meant to be the foremost consideration and ideal of each individual in society. This means that every citizen has to adhere to and promote the same. Furthermore, the life, thought and conduct of every adherent to these ideas must openly manifest and reflect the tenets of the ideology adhered to.

The power and influence of every ideology known to human civilization and society is derived significantly from popular support it enjoys. This means that the number of people as well their strong adherence to an ideology empowers that ideology above all others. It can even reach the point that the idea becomes the foundation of government and at the core of public policy. All the great ideologies in human history all share this trait. Moreover, they were so influential that they would be championed by a considerable number of members of the society. Is this loyalty intrinsic to that community? Was the tenet of the ideology so appealing that many identify with the same? The answer to these questions is that it is not always the case.

Every ideology employs a wide array of methods to gain popular support. However, the most potent of which is social engineering. The foremost concern of an ideology is its assimilation into the very mindset of an individual and thus permeates the social consciousness. This cannot transpire if an individual rejects or considers its teachings to be dubious or of questionable validity. The techniques in social engineering allow the ideology to break down these barriers. The insightful approaches forwarded by this methodology are keen on taking advantage and attacking the vulnerabilities in human nature. By appealing to a person’s background, tendencies, experiences and belief an ideology becomes accepted into the realm of what that person considers as important, legitimate and valid.

Ideologies are known to solicit tangible responses from those who adhere to its tenets. This is due to the fact that an ideology demands a manifestation from those that believe in it and in turn demonstrates the power it holds to the society at large. Social engineering is again at play. It enables the belief system of ideologies to become the basis for mass social action. Rallies, protests, upheavals, strikes and revolutions are instigated through it. It has already been established how social engineering facilitates the imprinting of the ideology into an individual. It can also move that individual to act on those ideas.

By the same process to appealing to a person’s experiences, personality and inherent views an action, as espoused by an ideology, can even be views to be, at the least an extension of, if …

10 Steps to Building a Bankruptcy Practice

Lots of lawyers are trying to build a bankruptcy practice these days. Many make the critical mistake of using outmoded ways of getting the practice off the ground, and end up being an also-ran in their area. Competition is fierce, and lawyers are working smarter – not only harder – to be successful.

10 Steps To Building a Successful Bankruptcy Practice

  1. Join the National Association of Consumer Bankruptcy Attorneys: This is the largest national organization dedicated to the plight of consumer debtors. With well over 4,400 bankruptcy lawyer members, it is the best source of information and continuing education for the new and established practitioner alike. NACBA also runs some very active listservs to help members share information.
  2. Buy the entire National Consumer Law Center library – including the consumer bankruptcy book: NCLC puts out the most comprehensive set of books on bankruptcy, consumer protection and related issues. Period. After practicing bankruptcy law over over 14 years I still refer to my books on a near-daily basis. If you go to any of the NACBA conventions you will find the NCLC books on sale at a significant discount.
  3. Sample the petition preparation software packages and get the one you like best: You cannot practice bankruptcy law without a petition preparation package. There are lots of good ones out there – BestCase, EZFiling, Bankruptcy2010 and Bankruptcy Pro are among the best – but you won’t know which one is best for you until you sample them. All provide a free downloadable demo to work through, so take the time before spending a dime.
  4. Go to court: Find out where your court’s bankruptcy hearings are held, and make plans to sit there each day for a week or more. You’ll learn about the trustees as well as about the types of people who file for bankruptcy in your area. Once you know more about who files for bankruptcy you’ll be in a better position to know their motivations and concerns.
  5. Sign up for CM/ECF: Most courts require bankruptcy lawyers to file cases electronically via the court’s electronic case filing system. You need to get a password and (in some places) attend a training to learn how to file cases.
  6. Get a scanner: Bankruptcy is a paper-intensive practice area. If you don’t start scanning everything into your system now, you’ll get snowed under. I personally use a Fujitsu ScanSnap, and it’s a life-saver (plus, it comes with a fully-functional copy of Adobe Acrobat).
  7. Start reading bankruptcy blogs: There are a lot of terrific resources online to help you keep up-to-date on the latest issues in bankruptcy. Bankruptcy Law Network, BankruptcyProf Blog, and Bankruptcy Mastery are just a few substantive sites that can teach you a lot.
  8. Learn how to write: Yes, you know how to write like a lawyer, but that’s not what’s important. You need to be able to communicate in a way that your prospective clients understand without a dictionary. Writing like a lawyer is OK for judges, but clients need

What You Need to Know About Premises Liability Law

Outdoor places like supermarkets and amusement parks have their inherent risks by nature. In any event that there is a potential risk associated with one’s property, whether the place is business or residential, the owner of that property can become legally liable in case a person gets injured on the property. Under the premises liability law, the owners of properties have a legal obligation to keep their property safe for visitors.

In any event that an accident like slip and fall takes place on any legal property, there is a high chance for the injured victim to claim premises liability and make the property owner legally responsible for the accident. Take note that there are virtually no place exempt from the legal responsibilities of property owners to ensuring safe conditions for visitors to their places. Owners of public sidewalks, to supermarkets, to government owned buildings, and everything in between are held responsible for maintaining a safe environment for visitors.

The nature of the accident and the severity of the injuries are both assessed when there is a claim for premises liability. The severity of the injury and the conditions of the property should be established before a case is decided upon within a ruling court.

The most common examples of premises liability cases include injuries in a retail establishment, dog bites, and injuries in water parks, parking lots, airports, and amusement parks. In some cases such accidents are purely accidental in nature. In most cases, however, these accidents could be avoided if proper precautions were taken by property owners.

The outcome of an accident is devastating. It could result in catastrophic injuries. For instance, a slip and fall accident in a public place can result in traumatic brain injuries if the head hits a hard surface due to a slippery or wet floor. On the other hand, at amusement parks, people may ride and fall to their death.

Private properties are no less than safer than public properties. For example at a private residence, a small child can drown if he or she is left unattended in a swimming pool, or people can be viciously attacked by a dog. A teenage girl could be molested or stabbed to death in a dark pathway, which constitutes “negligent security”. All these examples fall under premises liability law.

In any event that you or a loved one becomes a victim of such accident, it is very important to seek legal damages. You must talk to an accident lawyer may advice you what to do.…

Move It With Your Mind – The Law of Attraction – The Secret

Where attention goes …. Energy flows. What we give our attention to, we give our energy to. You can physically see this happening by dangling a necklace from your hand and making it move with your mind.

In feng shui, energy is called chi. Chi flows through our homes and through our bodies. And we can focus the chi of our body with our mind. Everything is made of energy and our thoughts are a form of energy that we can shape with our consciousness. “Move it with your mind” is a simple technique that anyone can do. You’ll need a necklace made of any kind of metal and a lightweight pendant on the end. All you have to do is look at the pendant and THINK the way you want it to move and it should start moving that way. You can move it in a circle clockwise or counterclockwise or back and forth. You can move it one way, stop it, and move it another way.

You’re not going to be moving the necklace with your hand, you’re going to move it with your mind so you need to keep your arm as still as possible. Put your elbow on your knee to help keep your arm still. Hold the chain of the necklace with the thumb and forefinger of the hand you write with. And hold the pendant about one inch above the palm of your other hand. Then think the way you want it to move and it will move that way.

And that’s how it works. Where attention goes … energy flows. So what are you giving your energy to?…

China Internet Censorship in the Age of Globalization

China internet censorship has a major impact on the political and economic industries affecting the information and communication technologies for the Chinese society. The economic development, bureaucratic politics, civil and political liberties, international relations and security is also affected by the China internet censorship. This also includes the aspirations of Chinese policy makers for using the internet for attaining virtual leap for economic development.

There has been much advancement after putting China online, as China has made immense progress in the virtual world including the nature of one party state, lack of visibility of the legal structure in China. There has been a wide digital divide within China and there have been many problems of bureaucracy on china internet censorship and this has lead to a technological time lag, throwing China behind the advanced industrial economies.

The China internet censorship includes normative issues such as the state’s ability, to maintain control over the flow of information on the internet. It also stifles political dissent and the impact of the china on the formation of national and regional virtual identities. It also affects the impact information and communication technologies on international security. Today experts are exploring the methodological and theoretical problems arising from issues regarding the reliability of data, to the nature of relationship between technological and social change.

Thus, the Chinese censorship covers many areas including social impact of the internet and information and communication technologies, from academia to business and public policy making. There is huge cultural and political diversification of the internet for the Chinese society. There is a rapid growth of the internet that has been enthusiastically embraced by the Chinese government, but the government is making a giant leap ahead in order to seize control of the virtual world. China has witnessed many individual responses in the form of impassioned campaigns against the China internet censorship by the government.

The question is not whether the internet will democratize China, but it focuses on what way the internet is democratizing communication in China. It also has an impact on the interplay between civil society and the internet in China. There is an increased need to nurture a brand new type of social space for Chinese individuals and social groups in China. It is about redefining existing social relations and propelling existing civil forces into new possibilities. Today the Chinese government explains its internet censorship policies and asserts that it promotes free communication while it adheres to the set of laws and regulations that prohibit the spread of information that contains contents subverting state power.…

The Pentateuch, Law of Moses or Torah

Introduction

It is believed that the name Pentateuch “the first five books of the Old Testament, the book of the Law” (The Columbia Viking Desk Encyclopaedia, 1964, p.1402) was first found in the letter of Elora of a second century Gnostic, Ptolemy and passed into Christian use. These books are called The Law (Torah) or the Law of Moses by the Jews. (Everyman’s Encyclopedia, 1978). It would be difficult to overestimate the role that the Pentateuch has played in the course of biblical scholarship. In all likelihood, these first five books in the Bible – Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy- have been subjected to scrutiny more than any single block, with the sole possible exception of the Gospels (Knight and Tucker, 1985).

Origin

The word Pentateuch derives from the Greek pentateuchos “five-volumed (book)”, following the Jewish designation “the five-fifths of the law”. Jews call it the Torah, that is instruction, often rendered in English Law as it is called in the New Testament (Greek nomon; example, Matt. 5:17; Luke 16:17; Acts 7:53; 1 Cor. 9:8). According to Lasor, Hubbard and Bush (1982), the Pentateuch was “the most important division of the Jewish canon, with an authority and sanctity far exceeding that attributed to the prophets and writing” (p.54). They observe that the books of the Pentateuch are not ‘books’ in the modern sense of independent self-contained entries, but were purposefully structured and intended as part of a larger unity; therefore the term Pentateuch is not only convenient but necessary. However, granted this fact of the unity of the larger corpus, the conventional five-fold division is important not simply as a convenient means of reference to the material, but because there is clear editorial evidence establishing just these five books as genuine subdivisions of the material. Despite marks of real disparity and complexity in structure and origins, far more primary and important is the overarching unity which the Pentateuch evidences. A careful reading of the Pentateuch will reveal, beside a definite unity of purpose, plan and arrangement, a diversity – a complexity – that is equally striking.

Authorship

The traditional view according to Halley (1962) is that “Moses wrote the Pentateuch substantially…with the exception of the few verses at the close which give an account of his death, and occasional interpolations made by copyists for explanatory purposes” (p.56). This is in consonance with the view of Childs (1979). A modern critical view is that of a composite work of various scholars of priests made about the eighth century B.C., for partisan purposes, based on oral traditions, the principal redactors of which are called J (for Jahweh/Yahweh, the personal name of God), E (for Elohim, a generic name for God), D (for Deuteronomic) and P (for priestly). Each is claimed to be unique. However, “this view is not supported by conclusive research or evidence, and intensive archaeological and literary research has tended to undercut many of the arguments used to challenge Mosaic authorship” (The NIV Study Bible, 1984, p.2). Jews and …

Classification Of Human Rights

Human rights are great as they ensure that you are protected and safe as a human being. The rights are classified into five bases: civil, political, economic, developmental and social and cultural.

Civil Human liberties

Great advances in these liberties were made in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries. During this time great amendments were made. The rights were combined with political liberties and they were collectively known as “liberty oriented human rights.”

They aid in providing, protecting and guaranteeing you liberty against the state and its agencies. According to human right experts these are the first generation of human rights.

Economic Human Liberties

Major strides in these liberties were made in the 20th century. During this time the social and cultural liberties were also strengthened. The rights aid in promotion of economic and social security through economic and social upliftment of the weaker sections of the society.

The liberties are essential for the dignity of personhood. They are also essential for the full and free development of human personality. The cool thing with the rights is that they ensure that there is a minimum of economic welfare.

When the economic, social and cultural rights are combined together they are known as “security oriented human rights.” This is because they collectively provide you with the security that you need in your life. Human right experts refer to them as second generation of human liberties.

Developmental Oriented Human Rights

They were developed in the late 20th century and serve an important role of ensuring that you are able to participate in the developmental activities in the society. The rights include the environmental rights that allow you to enjoy the free gifts of nature such as air, water, food, and natural resources. You should note that you should enjoy the gifts that are free from contamination.

They are known as third generation of human liberties or the Green Rights. They are also known as solidarity rights as their implementation depends on the international cooperation. According to experts, these rights are most important in the developing countries. This is because the countries are still developing and are still trying to gain international order.

Conclusion

This is how human liberties are classified. Remember that no one should violate your rights. If you feel that your rights have been violated you should contact the human rights tribunal in your country or state. It’s also wise that you contact an advisor.…

The Pros and Cons of Indian Media

The role of media has always created a deep impact on the lives of the common man. While on the one hand it has updated people about the situations around the world, there again it has also created panic when half baked news has come out in the open. In India, the growing popularity of the media is having varied effects on the lives of people.

It has been quite a few years now that the Indian media has advanced from newspapers and radio and made its way into the television industry. There are several news channels that run 24×7 and keep people updated about all the incidents not only in the country but also across the world. The greatest benefit of this system is that people sitting in India get updated about the accidents that are occurring in the USA within a matter of minutes. Unlike the old days, there is no need to wait till the next day when the newspapers arrive to be updated about the other side of the world. These channels also have sites on the internet that are updated every minute, so that even those who are on the move can remain up to date via internet on their mobile phones. Say for example the day when the World Trade Center came down, it was a matter of moments that people all over the world became aware of it.

Or even when the trains in London were bombed, the whole world became aware of it, thanks to the media. This immediate update enabled people from across the world to connect with their near and dear ones to ensure their safety.

However, it can not be ignored that where on the one hand immediately knowledge about incidents help people, there again the media can be a menace at times. Media in India at times became repetitive and they keep playing the same news tape over and over again. At time those news items which are not at all important get a lot of hype, sidelining the occurrences that could be of real importance. Indian media paid too much attention to events like the wedding of a star son and a leading heroine, the kiss that a Hollywood star planted on the cheek of a Bollywood heroine, the coming to light of the clandestine relationship of a Pakistan cricketer with a lady , And also the pregnancy of a Hindi film heroine. These incidents are of least importance to the life of a common man and so much importance only takes away the light from those accidents that can really affect people in their daily lives.

Media in India is very strong and it is up to the journalists as to how they bring forth the news from across the world. …

Consumer Price Index (CPI): Does It Measure Inflation?

What is Inflation?

Before we discuss the CPI and government economic data, we much first fully understand the concept of inflation. Inflation, in the most general terms, is a RISE in price levels of goods and services measured over a period of time. When price levels rise, each unit of currency buys fewer goods and services. Inflation also measures the erosion in purchasing power of money, the loss of REAL value in the medium of exchange. Inflation impacts everyone in society, rich or poor, young or old, working or unemployed. Anyone that has to buy food, goods, and services, pay bills, or transact in the economy is directly affected by inflation.

The CPI – official measure of inflation.

The government’s key measurement for inflation is known as the CPI (Consumer Price Index). It has been around since 1913 and traditionally measured a basket of goods, which consumers would purchase. Then the price the basket of goods was compared on a year-over-year basis.

For instance you price a steak, a loaf of bread, a gallon of milk, etc. The following year you price the same products, look at the price change, and you are able to determine the rate of inflation. How much have items increased in price. That is (was) the purpose of the CPI, the rate of change on a fixed basket of goods (with a modicum of replacements when a product is no longer serving its core use, such a computer for a typewriter).

The CPI is very important data point for a couple of key reasons:

  1. Used to adjust Social Security benefits.
  2. The Federal Reserve uses it as their key measure of inflation to adjust monetary policy.

Obviously a lower CPI would be beneficial for both those key reasons.

The Cost of Living?

When the CPI came about it was used to strictly measure INFLATION, as described above. It did so for 70 years without any major changes. More recently in the last few decades, the model used for calculating the CPI has changed drastically. In fact, it no longer measures inflation, but rather the “cost of living”.

The Cost of Living measures the CHOICES a consumer has made based on price changes. In fact INFLATION directly impacts those choices. Many of the changes that have been made to the CPI over recent years have been argued based on the Cost of Living and the freedom of choice. It would seem a sound argument if we forget the purpose of the CPI to measure inflation.

The “Cost of Living” is not synonymous with inflation, yet politicians and the media frequently use the words “inflation” and “cost of living” interchangeably.

The philosophy behind the changes.

The first big change was made in the mid 1980s, it removed housing from the CPI and replaced it with a “rental equivalent”. It was argued that not everyone buys a house and some that do buy also rent homes, thus we should measure the inflation of rent rather than the inflation of …

I Shall Not Hear The Nightingale – Khushwant Singh: A Story Of Baptism In Blood

Sher Singh killed a crane. He wanted to be a terrorist. But there was baptism in his blood. He felt for the crane. If one crane is killed, the other dies of grief. His instigator is Madan. Madan feels if there is baptism in blood that blood should be shed. Sher Singh and Madan were training to shoot Englishmen. This short novel by Khushwant Singh is about the Sikh community who created a military brotherhood to fight against the British. The Sikhs were defeated by the British in six successive battles. Having been defeated the Sikhs however were recruited in the British army for their valour and honour. The Sikhs believed that ‘God is truth’.

The story is ultimately about love, kindness and peace in spite of terrorism, revolt and militancy. This is depicted by the symbol of the angry crane who loses its mate. Even as Sher Singh stuffs up hand grenades and rifles he thinks of the wounded bird. So the story is ultimately about the inefficacy of terrorism and violence and the message of peace.

Sher Singh was the son of a senior magistrate as well as the head of a band of terrorists. He had so long reveled in both identities but now he had to make a choice. The concern was what to choose, security or terrorism.

Sher Singh’s home was a haven of comfort and security. His mother and sister represented feelings of comfort and security. But Sher Singh was policywise at odds with his father Buta Singh. They differ in their opinions regarding the British. Buta Singh is basically a supporter of the British. He believes in mutual help between British and Sikhs. On the other hand Sher Singh thinks there are plenty of Gandhis and Nehrus whom they should follow, not the British. Buta Singh cannot change his loyalties at his age. But he is realizing that the nationalists need to be supported. In fact his loyalty to the British was being taken as servility. He was being accused of double facedness.

The story is thus basically about the tension between the British and Sikhs which the author has brought out through a vivid charting of conversations, revolutionary speeches, meetings and such. It emerges that there are two parties, the anti-British and the Pro-British. The old generation of Sikhs are pro-British. The younger generation are trying to do away with the British. There were Hindus like Madan who were instigators of terrorism. Young aspirants for leadership were dancing to the songs of Madan and bundling up handgrenades.

Along with the general background of politics the story charts very simplistically the private lives of Sher Singh, Beena, Champak and Madan. Sher Singh being a failure at his marital relationship tries to please his wife by aspiring a high position in politics, by becoming a political leader, a hero and a terrorist. Bina his sister is passionately in love with the tall, handsome, charming Madan from whom she gets a stinker. Madan a married …