Know the Types of Laws Prevailing In a State

It is the laws that allow a state to function in a proper order. The legal system protects the rights of the individuals so as to ensure that they are safe and secured in every way. They are the rules that govern the character and function of any individual or group. They regulate the social and economic interactions and maintain that they are smoothly conducted. They are a source of primary mediator between the relations of the people.

It is better to know that every country has its personal legal system. They are generally divided into different branches. To name them it can be said that there is corporate law, taxation law, property law, international law, environmental health law, etc. Every type of law has some or the other importance with respect to the society. Some of the major laws that need mention are as follows:

Criminal Law

The criminal law is enforced to pass a judgment over the criminal activities. They are administered by the individual jurisdictions in every place, including the self-governing territories. It is a matter of concern for the state. In certain cases, the central government of the country and the Commonwealth might also have a say in the case.

Contract Law

The contract law is something that is enforced for the encompassing of the laws or the regulations in terms of certain promises. In most countries, these are related to the common law.

Industrial Law

The industrial law is the rules and regulations that the working people gas to abide by. It also ensures to protect their rights. They also put a restriction on the organizations and mediate the relationship between trade unions, employees and employers.

Constitutional Law

The constitutional law defines different entities within a state. These are divided into three parts or wings, namely the legislature, judiciary and the executive. They are in charge of the total processes of managing the state. With them enforced the ministers, the government bodies are directed the path to their work.

Administrative Law

If any of the subjects of the state wishes to challenge the action or a decision of the state or the country or a government official or an authority they can do so with the help of this law. It is also applicable in case the person on whom one wants to challenge is not a government official but is making use of the public power.

In all the above-mentioned circumstances the judgment is passed down by the court of law and the applicants or here the citizens have to abide by them. The court, therefore, has the final say in such cases.…

Five Telltale Signs That A Role Reversal Relationship Could Be Right For You

Powerful, accomplished women intimidate some men, but fascinate others. If you are a feisty, take-charge kind of gal, you’ve probably had your share of problems with men and wonder if you’ll ever find Mr. Right. You don’t want a wimp who won’t stand up for himself (and you!) but you don’t want a man who insists on being in control all the time either.

You may feel like you have to submerge your real personality in order to get along with a man, but sooner or later the power struggles begin. Don’t give up hope on romance just yet. There’s a reason for the problem and there’s a solution.

Many couples today are making a conscious decision for the woman to be head of household and the man to be her helpmate. Ambitious powerful women often find that partnering with a man who is supportive rather than competitive creates a harmonious and peaceful home and helps her achieve her goals.

Not all personality types are suited to this kind of relationship, but those who are have a unique set of desires, strengths and personality traits that are better expressed in a non-traditional kind of relationship.

So how do you know whether a role reversal relationship might be right for you? Here are the top five telltale signs that you might be happier than you ever imagined if you take the lead in love and marriage.

1. You enjoy setting goals and reaching them and are achieving success in your work.

2. You are ambitious, assertive and have lots of drive.

3. You are more decisive and more of a risk-taker than most people.

4. You’re frustrated because men can’t seem to handle a strong woman like you.

5. You’ve just about given up on your dream of a great romantic relationship.

If three or more of these statements are true for you, then you are a natural born leader who may be having trouble finding the right partner. Despite all the efforts to liberate ourselves from rigid gender roles, women in our society are still conditioned to want a man who has the outward characteristics of a leader: decisive, self-confident and aggressive. These types of traits are considered masculine, but women can possess them and be leaders, too.

If you are a woman who’s naturally a leader, the man who is a best match for you is likely to be a supportive type of personality who is nurturing and caring. That doesn’t mean he is weak or incompetent as a man. He simply has a different set of dominant personality traits that don’t fit our society’s image of the ideal male.

The man who is right for you, while successful in his own career, finds strong dominant women a turn-on and enjoys having you in charge on the home front. He would love to be your head cheerleader and devote himself to making your life easier and more comfortable. However, he does not know how …

Reasons Why Mikhail Gorbachev Made the Glasnost Policy

The Glasnost was one of the most influential policies implemented during the reign of the Soviet Union in the eighties. Mikhail Gorbachev was the Soviet Union’s head at that time. He was the one who implemented the Glasnost. He did this so he would be able to see an improvement in the Soviet Union’s way of leading their territory. The years when Glasnost was implemented gave more freedom to the people to express their opinions, particularly for the media. Many people want to know the answers to the question why did Gorbachev implement Glasnost?

1. The first answer to the question why did Gorbachev implement Glasnost is because Mikhail Gorbachev wanted to implement transparency in their governance. He wanted to have an open flow of information from the citizens to the leaders. This was prompted since the tragedy in Chernobyl happened. A nuclear plant was being built in the area and the people did not report about this because they were not allowed to do so.

2. The second answer to the question why did Gorbachev implement Glasnost is because Gorbachev knew that this was an effective way to stop corruption that was very rampant at that time.

3. The third answer to the question why did Gorbachev implement Glasnost is because Gorbachev had learned that the other leaders were abusing their power. He did not know all of it because people were not allowed to express what they know.

4. The fourth answer to the question why did Gorbachev implement Glasnost is because he wanted to have a free avenue for debates. The debates would allow the citizens to ask things they wanted to verify and voice out their opinions.

5. The fifth answer to the question why did Gorbachev implement Glasnost is because he wanted to give the Soviet Union citizens the freedom to go the libraries to read books that were not open to the people before. The censorship on the media got less. The Soviet Union’s governance became more scrutinized as the media’s power became stronger. There were several problems in the society that were discovered. One of the problems that was shown in several media reports was the status of the females in the country. They were regarded as low class citizens. The exposes made the people became aware of the different atrocities happening around them.

The Glasnost policy was actually a failed move made by Gorbachev because it did not fulfill the real goals that he set. The policy led to the weakening of the sovereignty of the Soviet Union. The policy also helped free many people who were imprisoned due to political reasons.…

The Media and Social Problems

The mass media plays a large role in modern society. Indeed, many have argued that people spend more time watching television than in actual human interaction. The film industry is a billion dollar a year enterprise and most individuals tune in daily to their favorite radio station. With all this power, one would think that the mass media would be in an excellent position to initiate social change, positively affect social problems, and help combat social ills that are considered deviant. However, the mass media has largely failed in addressing social problems and if anything, has contributed to the problems that exist in this society. As seen through its presentation of the three major variables of race, class, and gender, the mass media has actually contributed to the social problems it covers, reinforcing them and the various stereotypes that exist, creating a vicious cycle in which these problems continue.

Television has become perhaps the primary vehicle that society receives its information and presents its values and expectations. One of the most important roles television plays is its presentation of news and information. What a station chooses to present as newsworthy can play a strong role in how people view their society and the world around them. Often, television news sources have a tendency to only broadcast negative images of minorities. On a nightly basis, individuals are bombarded with stories of minorities engaging in robberies, murders, and rapes, as if minorities are the only ones who monopolize these types of crimes. Very rare are the stories of the inner-city minority male youth who is a scholar or the young mother, who in spite of the odds stacked up against her, graduates from college. In this way, the television media plays a strong role in formulating racial problems. With the constant display of these negative images, two problems quickly emerge.

First, these minority groups become subject to stereotypes as the images presented become fixed mental images and are exaggerated and applied to the group as a whole. Whites, who are the dominant culture, watching the news, learn that minority groups are less intelligent, more violent, and generally less human. Additionally, the minority groups themselves can develop reactions that are turned inward and create a sense of hopelessness, despair, and self‑doubt that can lead into even more sociological problems in the form of alcoholism, drug abuse, aggression, and crime. Thus, the images presented by television news help contribute to this vicious, self‑reinforcing, cycle and offers little, if any solutions for the problem of racism.

Closely linked to race becomes issues of class. Since the lifestyles of poor, inner-city minorities are portrayed and viewed negatively; a flight of capital and economic activity develops in conjunction with the stereotypes. Those with capital avoid neighborhoods seen as violent or dangerous, and money is not spent or invested in these communities. Once this happens, minorities become trapped in an economic isolation that is devastating. Jobs quickly disappear, and welfare reforms are doomed to failure without hope of …

President Ronald Reagan’s Keys to Public Speaking Success

Former President Ronald Reagan, our 40th President said: “America is too great for small dreams.” Reagan’s optimism can be found in his numerous speeches delivered across America while serving as president. During his tenure in the White House he faced many challenges, obstacles and adversity with great courage. As a student of rhetoric I found the delivery and content of Reagan’s speeches to be dynamic, upbeat, positive and hopeful. We can learn how to be more effective speakers and communicators by reviewing three key qualities in President Reagan’s public speaking style:

First, Reagan captivated his audiences by using a strong voice and vocal variety. Reagan’s developed his abilities as a strong speaker in his early years as a radio and sports broadcaster. Years later, he refined his delivery skills as a professional actor in Hollywood. Reagan recognized that a speech includes more than content. To be effective, speakers need strong delivery skills. Delivery is the oral and physical presentation of your speech. Effective delivery involves present your message with a sense of communication. It is possible to research, organize and write a powerful speech, yet the speech can be rendered ineffective by a poor delivery. Reagan had a strong, deep, enthusiastic voice. He utilized the concept of vocal variety. Vocal variety involves the pitch (highness or lowness) and tone (serious, humorous, happy) of your voice. Many of us can remember Reagan’s speech at the Berlin Wall in 1987 where Reagan raised his voice in his request to the leader of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev to “Tear down this wall.” Reagan also presented his speeches using a comfortable rate of speaking. He utilized pauses to effectively highlight major ideas. Successful speakers recognized that vocal variety is more attention-getting and appealing to an audience.

Second, Reagan optimized the use of nonverbal. He was known for looking directly into the camera during televised speeches from the oval office. Eye contact is critical to effective speech delivery. Some speakers spend too much time looking down at their manuscript. This approach shows a lack of preparation and self- confidence. The tone of your remarks should be reflected in your face. Reagan’s historic speech following the Challenger Disaster in 1986 is an example of using your face to establish the tone of your speech. Reagan’s facial reactions during the Challenger Disaster speech reflected a genuine tone of sadness and tragedy, mixed with hope for the future. Posture is also very important for a speaker. Reagan was known for standing straight up during speeches. His posture during a speech reflected his confidence as a leader of the free world.

Third, Reagan utilized an audience centered approach to speaking. He was familiar with each audience and his speeches were customized to each audience he addressed. Speechwriters for Reagan participated in audience analysis. Audience analysis is a term which means that the speaker will take care to understand the interests, values, beliefs, and attitudes of the audience to ensure greater success with the speech. Not only must the …

Don’t Mistake Crowdfunding As a New Way to Run a Socialist Economy

As a think tank coordinator, myself and our group come up with endless potential business start-up ideas, technologies, service company entrepreneurial exploits and new business models. In the last few years, I’ve noted increasing numbers of entrepreneurs favoring crowdfunding as a better source for start-up capital. Many of these entrepreneurs are fresh out of college with visions of saving the world, and their minds are often filled with socialist fallacies. They tell me that crowdfunding is like socialism in action – completely beautiful and natural democracy in action.

Wait one minute I think; “No crowdfunding isn’t socialism in action, it is capitalism in action – “free market capitalism” in its purest form.”

People voting with their own dollars investing in a business they believe in to achieve later gains by perhaps getting lucky and getting in on the new floor of something wonderful and great – the potential opportunity of a life-time to invest in the start-up before everyone notices. It is this desire, dream, and opportunity which drives it. This is free market capitalism, and any gains made in such an investment – well, the credit shouldn’t go to socialism or used by socialists to proclaim that “socialism works” because in reality it doesn’t work – but again, crowdfunding isn’t socialism anyway.

Socialism would be everyone pooling their money and the government collecting it and then deciding where to put it for everyone’s best interest, then keeping the benefits of that investment to re-invest as the government sees fit. Even in a socialist democracy – it wouldn’t be the individual’s choice, as it is in crowdfunding as to where the money would go, but rather the flickering, fuzzy, and finicky mood of the mindless masses – the suggestion of all those who vote going to the government to consider.

In this scenario – the predetermined items on the ballot created by some committee, usually a groupthink committee with individual members with specific agendas – then the government would take their so-called mandate and start picking winners or losers in the market place based on those agendas on your behalf, actually societies behalf, based on their choices.

To suggest that crowdfunding is like socialism just shows you how brainwashed our academic institutions are on our next generation of entrepreneurs, worse for socialists to suggest that crowdfunding is the culmination of their economic philosophies to counter what they call “evil capitalism” is utterly preposterous.

Further, if one is wondering why capitalism appears to have gone astray as of late – it’s simple, socialists in the government political leadership base have created an incestuous relationship with bankers, industry and capitalists to circumvent the flow of money, capital and control labor and production to serve their will.

That hardly sounds to me like this group of folks with such corrupt thinking on their organizational philosophy of society should be credited with the potential of crowdfunding – but, hey maybe they want to control that too, but if they do, it too will be …

We All Wear Masks

The keynote speaker at one seminar I attended made this statement – “We all wear masks”. As I pondered on what possible meanings that statement might have, I realised that this is a general summation of humanity. Regardless of whom we are and at different times in our lives, we all wear masks.

What, then, is a mask? Generally speaking, a mask is a covering for the face. It is a covering for part, or all, of the face, worn to conceal a person’s identity. It is a grotesque or humorous face worn at carnivals, masquerades, etc. Anything that disguises or conceals (e.g. pretense), is a mask. A person might be hurting badly, and conceal it with a great big smile – Masks! Psychologists say that if a person tells you several times during a conversation “I’m not lying”, he usually is lying. Masks!Lots of people have different masks for different days, and perhaps different occasions. Masks are those things that allow us to assume that we are different from other people.

I read an article in Psychology Today titled “The Truth About Lying” written by Peter Doskoch. In it, Peter quoted a study of psychologist and lying expert Bella DePaulo, Ph.D, who had carried out research and concluded that “occasionally a person will insist that he or she can be entirely truthful for three or four weeks. But no one ever succeeds.” “Everyday lies are really part of the fabric of social life,” says DePaulo, a university professor. He thinks its “because people want to be accepted, and because, sometimes telling things as they actually are, can be damaging to people’s hearts and relationships, so people stretch the truth a little, some more often that others.” The problem arises though, when the liar starts believing that he is telling the truth. He becomes seriously deluded, while people around him, except him, can see that he is being untruthful, and perhaps, crafty. Usually, it wont be very long before the majority of people discover the masks. While some lies damage relationships and destroy trust, other fibs fulfil important interpersonal functions, like smoothing over awkward situations or protecting fragile egos.

But how often do people lie, and when do they do it? DePaulo and colleagues asked 77 college students and 70 community members to keep a diary detailing each lie THEY told. The students, it turned out, admitted to lying, an average of twice a day, while local residents lied half as often. Among the study’s other findings:

* Community members lied in one-fifth of their social interactions; students, one-third. * Lying was more common in phone calls than in face-to-face chats. * One lie in seven was discovered–as far as the liars could tell. * A tenth of the lies were merely exaggerations, while 60 percent were outright deceptions. Most of the rest were subtle lies, often of omission. * More than 70 percent of liars would tell their lies again.

No one has ever succeeded in telling the absolute …

Pros and Cons of Fashion

Fashion can be connected almost with every part of our life. As it comes to the matter of way we look it sometimes means the same as being accepted by society or just a specific group of people. We are not aware of wearing the same cloths as other people not only to look good for ourselves but more to gain others people love. Is it ok?

Fashion can be a really great way to become part of the particular group of people. When someone looks at our clothes and admire them we are getting more self-confident and – what’s most important – we are being noticed and people want to be like us. Especially if the clothes are in elegant and stylish style.

A good impact of fashion on our mood is almost obvious. The joy we feel when looking good and wearing quality and fashionable clothes is huge. It can make us more self-confident and make us feel better in many stressful situations. We can name here wedding, interview or even engagement party. Some standards in appearance that we are part of can make us feel on good place.

So, we named so many advantages of fashion here. But are there any disadvantages? Like most of things in life nothing can be ideal the same is with fashion. The same reasons that make fashion something good in our life make it something that may lead to tearing society apart. When we want to impress people blindly in love with trends or just talk with them, we can have a bit problem here.

“Don’t judge the book by its cover” we would want to add here. If the only way of evaluating people is to judge them by their look and trendy cloths the fashion is misunderstanding. But if it is just looking good and fashion is our hobby we should go for it!…

Mormonism and the Law of Attraction

Is there a conflict between what Mormons believe, and the principles of the law of attraction? To me that is an easy question to answer because; I believe that not only are there no conflicts between the two, but they are actually the same thing just worded differently.

For example, in the classic law of attraction book “Excuse Me, Your Life is Waiting,” the author, Lynn Grabhorn, says that the way to attract anything into your life is to determine what it is that you want and then to imagine what it would feel like if you already had it. The Mormon Church, just like all other Christian churches teaches that God will bless us with the desires of our heart if we ask in faith. So whether you call it faith, or a feeling, it doesn’t really matter, does it?

And I like to compare the teaching of Mormonism and the principles of the law of attraction; because a clearer understanding of one, leads to a better understanding of the other. For example, a common misunderstanding of the law of attraction is that you just have to feel good, and suddenly everything you want will just appear. But a key component of the law of attraction is to “act as if” you already had what you want. This is perhaps better explained by the scripture that Mormons like to quote which says that “faith without works is dead.” Taking inspired action is both a gospel principle and a part of the law of attraction.

My favorite Biblical example of Christ teaching people to “act as if,” is the story of the leapers who called out to Christ, asking him to heal them. His instructions to them were to go show themselves to the Chief Priests. Why? Because it was the custom of the day that when someone was restored to health after being seriously ill, that they had to have the Chief Priest certify them as “clean” before they were aloud back into society. So Christ was telling the leapers to go ahead and do what they would do if they were healed. He was telling them to “act as if” they were healed. They acted, and they were healed.

I am a life coach who specializes in the law of attraction; I am also a practicing Mormon. And I have found that my religion is a great aid to me as a life coach. One thing that Mormons teach is that time is pretty much meaningless to God. Think about it, if God knows right now, everything that has ever happened, and everything that will ever happen, then the concept of “time” certainly changes.

And playing around with “time” is one of the best techniques that I know of to apply the principles of the law of attraction. This worked wonders with a client I was working with that was so stressed out about a major crisis in her life that it was making her physically ill. She …

Six Types of Human Values

Human beings need different things to live in this world. However, nothing in this world is available free of cost. Everything has a price and one has to pay the right price to get ones need satisfied. However, we value the things based on our needs and the needs depends on the basis of our value system.

First, there are basic necessities like food, water, air, shelter, and clothing without which survival of the body itself is not possible. However, once these necessities are satisfied, man moves to satisfy his higher needs like the social needs, security needs or the need of self-actualization.

However, every person does not follow the same path as his path would depend on the inherent values of the person. These inherent values are acquired by the man by virtue of his nature and also by his nurture. The effect of the family, society, nation and individual makes every person unique as he develops a unique set of values. These values decide the priority and lifestyle of the person. The values make the personality of the person and decide the growth of the individual, family, society, nation and the humanity.

1. Individualistic Values

The most inherent value of a person is individualistic which means valuing the self over anything else in the world. This is also the most natural value which is inherent in every animal of the world. The animals live for themselves without much bothering about the other animals. The only exception would be the mother animal which takes care of her child animal till the child grows up sufficiently to support itself.

The modern world has been moving more and more towards individualistic values where the interest of the individual is considered to be the most “right” and needs to be protected over everything else. The individualistic value support freedom as it believes that every person has the right to decide what is good for him.

Every child starts with individualistic values and he wants everything in the world for the self and wants everyone to serve him. When the need of the child is not satisfied, he cries and do everything to get the need satisfied.

2. Family Values

The human specie may be the most powerful specie in the earth but it is also true that human specie is also the weakest specie. A human child does not learn to even walk for one year. If the child of the man is allowed to survive of its own, it just can not survive. The support of family is must for the growth of every human child. It is for this reason that human specie over the year has invented the concept of family that lives like one unit and supports a new born child till it becomes strong enough to support itself.

The concept of family has given rise to the family value where a family is considered to be the basic unit of the society instead of the individual. The …