Wushu Chinese Self Defense Or Performance Martial Art?

Wushu is the official martial art taught in the People’s Republic of China. Wu Shu (“War Arts”) is practiced by millions in China, and is included as part of the training for all police and military personnel. Though it is a form of Kung Fu which has been taught in China for centuries it is a rigid system, and has no attachment to any of the mystical beliefs of the past. The government is more concern with physical aspects of the martial art and spiritual beliefs been replaced with propaganda, and political training which take up much of the student’s training time. When a student is not taking part in political training they will take part in group and partner exercises as well as weapons practice.

Contemporary Wushu was created in 1949 as part of the communist government’s attempt to create a national sport, and though the people were more than happy with the styles of martial arts they had already. All previous forms of Kung Fu were outlawed and even the Shaolin monks were greatly restricted. In recent years the government has tried to take the politics out of sports, but with limited success because of how repressive the government is in general. Still tournaments have been running since the early 1990’s, and the sport is practiced outside of China. The two Wushu forms that are practiced are Taulo and Sanda, but neither is suited for self defense.

The hand movements are called Ba Ji, tumbling moves are Di Tang, and Tung Bi is full arm movements. The animal katas are called Xing Yi. The weapon katas for Wushu includes a large number of different types of swords, the nine-section whip, three section staffs, spears, and other ancient Chinese weapons. The central Committee of National Physical Culture must accredited all students and teachers who must embody the ideals of communism. At first glance Wushu looks impressive with a large number of moves and a large selection of weapons in its arsenal to choose from in battle. The art would seem to be a good choice to study until closer examination. For all its flash this form of Kung Fu lacks substance and won’t stand up in real world conditions.

Taulo is considered to be a form of Kung Fu, but isn’t at all like any of the effective martial arts forms of the past and is like gymnastics. It is a point based systems where points are given out based on performances that can last from two to twenty minutes, and there is no contact. While traditional weapons like swords, butterfly knives, and staffs are used they’re light weight versions and they and the routines are useless in combat. The programs are broken up into barehanded, short weapons, and long weapons portions, but include jumps, flips and other impressive routines. This style of Kung Fu is completely useless when it comes to self defense, but is a good form of entertainment.

Sanshou or Sanda the Chinese combat sport based …

Understanding the California Red Tag Law and How It Affects Auto Loans

Last year the government officials in California passed the “red tag law” which has had a significant affect on the used cars market that consumers can benefit from. For those who are familiar with the logistics of this new law I’ll explain it simply. In its basic understanding the California red tag law requires dealers to place a red sticker on any vehicle that has been salvaged, in a junk yard, or sustained any flood damage.

These vehicles also have to be registered into a federal database that is also open to the public. With this type of law in affect it helps make people who are looking to buy a pre-owned vehicle much more comfortable about acquiring a reliable automobile. There are also people who can get bad credit car loans with the California red tag law as they will be more confident that the vehicle will last throughout the duration of the loan.

Applying for Used Car Loans in California

Most people can still qualify for auto financing in California even with a poor credit score, but very few dealers would be up for the task as they had too much to lose. Before this law if a used car dealer allowed someone to buy and finance a vehicle that had flood damage, and it broke down after a month they would be out of an investment as most lemon laws don’t require you to continue making payments.

Now that dealers can provide more reliable vehicles it will be easier to qualify for bad credit used car loans, since more credit lenders will be more relaxed. It also helps that another part of this new California law allows dealerships to charge the same fees for leases and actual sold vehicles applications. Originally car lots would only charge $45 for leases and add another $10 if you were going to make a full purchase; however, bother prices have shot up to $80 which has made many dealers happy.

The only true downside of auto financing in California under the red tag law is that it has yet to be applied nationwide. It is rumored the United States government will be discussing this, but in order for it to actually go into affect they will need to get the dealerships on board as well. If they are able to accomplish this, we could see a lot more people feeling comfortable about buying used cars and applying for bad credit auto loans.…

Make Dry Ice Blasting Your Small Business Opportunity

What is dry ice blasting? Dry ice blasting is a form of abrasive blasting industrial cleaning that uses a solid form of carbon dioxide known as dry ice. Pellets or ice is shot through pressurized air stream of either one hose or two hose machines.

Which System is Best? Most systems today are the single hose technology. Technology using the single hose was created by the Cold Jet company in 1986. One advantage of the single hose system is that it avoids the possible dangers of a pressurized hopper by the use of a quick cycle airlock. Another advantage of the single hose system is that it has more power and you can use a longer hose.

Making Massive Money! There are many ways to make money cleaning with Dry Ice. Many people prefer Dry Ice Blasting for paint removal, because it is less harsh than sand blasting. Another great business opportunity is to clean food processing equipment. Because it can decontaminate surfaces that could contain Salmonella and E. coli. Dry Ice can clean without residue so the Environmental Protection Agency prefers it to many kinds of solvent based cleaners. The Aerospace industry also uses Dry Ice Blasting to sensitive equipment like clean semiconductors. Manufacturers are also a great business opportunity because cleaning with cold can be used for maintaining their equipment and can drastically reduce their down time.

The Freeze Jet is just one of several different types of Dry Ice Blasting equipment. For around $ 3,000 you can usually purchase a Dry Ice Blasting machine.

What about Safety? How safe is this type of industrial cleaning? Cleaning with cold (normal pressure is -78C (-108 F) can be toxic if the concentration is over 1{512b763ef340c1c7e529c41476c7e03bc66d8daea696e1162822661d30dde056}.

Safety Equipment: Typical safety equipment will include a positive pressure blast hood or helmet. Air hoses are attached to a grade D pressurized air supply, which is mandated by Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Also using ear plugs for hearing protection is part of the usual safety equipment. Body protection usually includes gloves and overalls as well as a leather coat and chaps.

What fees can I charge? How much money can I make in this Industrial Cleaning business? Total typical fees can range in the $ 300.00 per hour range, so it can be one of the more lucrative types of industrial cleaning.

The Benefits of Dry Ice Blasting: This type of industrial cleaning meets EPA, USDA, and FDA guidelines. Has less clean up of the waste material. Extends the life of the equipment. Cleans more thoroughly. Reduces or eliminates equipment damage. Provided a safer cleaning environment. Is Non-polluting and environmental friendly. Can destroy and eliminate bacterial and fungal growth.

How can I get started? You can get started with your small business by beginning with a business plan. A business plan is a formal statement of business goals, reasons that they are attainable, and plans for reaching them. It may also contain background information about the organization or team attempting to …

How to Write Your KSA Answers to Get That Government Job

Today’s volatile economic environment and expected layoffs means that many people will be searching for a new job. For many of you, a U.S. government job can offer security, excellent benefits, and interesting work. But be aware: competition for these jobs is intense and you have to stand out from all the other applicants to get a placement – that is where the KSA becomes a key opportunity you can use to get that government job.

What is a KSA?

The U.S. Office of Personnel Management maintains a searchable database, called USAJOBS that lists government job openings. Once you have signed up on line, you will find that specific position openings often require completion of a detailed description of your Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities (KSA) in addition to your resume.

Each job that requires a KSA will have specific KSA questions for you to answer usually in about a page of written content. This is not an optional task. You must do it and you must do it well. Each KSA answer is scored by human resources personnel on a 0-20 scale that reflects how closely your knowledge, skills, and abilities match the complexity, impact, variety, circumstances, and interactions that characterize the job for which you are applying. KSAs are frequently the deciding factor in your evaluation for employment in the U.S. government. So, what are KSAs? According to the CDC’s Help Page on KSAs:

Knowledge statements refer to an organized body of information usually of a factual or procedural nature which, if applied, makes adequate performance on the job possible. A body of information applied directly to the performance of a function.

Skill statements refer to the proficient manual, verbal or mental manipulation of data or things. Skills can be readily measured by a performance test where quantity and quality of performance are tested, usually within an established time limit. Examples of proficient manipulation of things are skill in typing or skill in operating a vehicle. Examples of proficient manipulation of data are skill in computation using decimals; skill in editing for transposed numbers, etc.

Ability statements refer to the power to perform an observable activity at the present time. This means that abilities have been evidenced through activities or behaviors that are similar to those required on the job, e.g., ability to plan and organize work. Abilities are different from aptitudes. Aptitudes are only the potential for performing the activity.

How should you answer KSA questions to improve your chances of getting a government job?

The most effective answers to the KSA questions reflect your understanding of the job requirements based on detailed analysis of the job description and typical tasking. You should pay careful attention to the key words used in the job description and use those words in describing your knowledge, skills and abilities.

In general, knowledge is more abstract than skills and therefore can be generalized over many different tasks and responsibilities. Knowledge comes from academic and life experiences including, but not limited to, education …

Diversity Recruitment – How to Recruit, Engage and Retain a Diverse Workforce

The United States population is undoubtedly diverse. In the last 20 years, there were huge increases in the percentage of women, immigrants, and people from various ethnic groups and different cultural backgrounds. Fifty percent of America’s workforce is now of another ethnicity or culture! In some areas of California, multicultural workers comprise 70 percent of the workforce. In Oxnard, or Santa Ana, California, Laredo, Texas, El Paso, Texas, and other U.S. Cities, multicultural workers account for 90 percent of the workforce. There are staggering increases-700- 900{512b763ef340c1c7e529c41476c7e03bc66d8daea696e1162822661d30dde056}-of multicultural populations in Tennessee, Georgia, Iowa, and other places.

For government and corporations to be competitive, innovative, and to secure and keep a market share, it is imperative to recruit, engage and retain a diverse workforce. Building a diverse workforce brings the energy and the creativity to the workforce. An environment of inclusion, where people feel valued and integrated into a company’s mission and vision regardless of their cultural backgrounds will lead to greater productivity. The dimensions of diversity are used as resources for success and growth by government and corporations.

To be able to create a diverse pool of candidates, a company has to go to where the candidates are.

Colleges historically have large numbers of women and people from different cultural, ethnic and racial backgrounds.

Career days at middle and high schools in racially diverse areas is another outlet to discuss the benefits of working for your organization and your industry-get people interested in the field before they go to college.

Suppliers and vendors that champion diversity should be encouraged and are likely to help funnel a steady number of high-qualified and diverse candidates.

An internal system that informs employees of available positions would help spread the word and attract new candidates. The hiring process would need to be simplified to encourage new prospective employees.

It goes without saying that hiring should be based on qualifications and not on comfort level. But it is easier said than done. Humans tend to empathize with those they feel close to, those that resemble themselves. This notion needs to be understood intellectually, but also be practiced daily in the field.

The definition of effective leadership qualities needs to be reviewed. One has to be mindful of biases about other cultures, communication styles, and decision-making processes to not interfere with a recruiting and the hiring decision.

One way for an organization to develop an in-house diversified pool of talent is to continually mentor people who are from different cultural or ethnic backgrounds and to incorporate ideas from other cultures to solve problems and be more innovative.

The recruiting process is the gateway to the company. Conducting interviews with a diverse panel will encourage other perspectives, and lend for better interaction with candidates. The recruiting teams who have been trained in diversity and inclusion awareness are willing to go beyond their comfort zone to attract the best candidates.  Diversity training will mitigate and reduce the impact that biases and stereotypes have on the work environment. Cross-cultural communication …

Benefits of Having NGOs in India

The benefits of having NGOs in India are many. There might be several groups that talk against the running of NGOs in India; however, the truth is that India desperately needs India NGOs to support its government in improving the lifestyle of the people soon. Though there are many criticisms saying that they are wasting the money they raise on their own requirements and not for executing welfare programs, this cannot be concluded to be the truth. The truth is that the NGO in India suffer a lot to raise funds for running the programs. As India is a large country and the as the population is huge, it may not be practically possible for the government to take care of all the activities, and the country definitely needs the support of the NGO in India to take care of the rest.

As the standard of life certainly needs to be improved for majority of the people, India NGOs develop and work on various projects that would help people in changing their life styles. Because of the practical difficulties that the government faces in attending every corner of the country, the government as well encourages and supports NGOs in India in performing their duties. As the motto of the NGO in India is solely to offer free education in India for poor children and to uplift the lives of people who are living under the poverty line, they have all their time to think only about it and to work on various programs that would make it happen. This relaxes the government and helps it to concentrate on other issues that can only be handled by the government. However, there are also hundreds of other welfare programs that are run just for the benefit of the people.

As it would not be possible as individual to work on such big targets, NGOs in India form a group, frame some procedures and work towards it. This not only makes sure that the programs reach the people but also benefits them at appropriate timing. These India NGOs run various free education in India, welfare programs for women and many other programs that would help them in getting improving their life styles. They even develop many programs that would offer employment opportunities for the poor people. Basically, what they do is, they teach them how to earn money and show them various ways to do that rather than directly giving them money. Apart from all these, they run several funds raising programs and events that would help them in raising funds for running all these welfare programs. Besides that, they also request the public to come forward and help them with their time and money to run these programs successfully.…

Your California Cable TV Company Missed an Appointment? The Law Protects Cable TV Subscribers

You know the drill.

You call the cable company because you need an installation or service call. The Customer Service Representative tell you it will be a week before they can get to you, and that you have to be home all day to wait for the technician.

But as fate or bad luck would have it, the tech never shows up, and you have blown a day off of work without pay for no good reason…and you still need that service call.

You are mad. You are REALLY mad.

You call back in and a different Customer Service Representative apologies profusely, then offers to knock off $20 from your bill. Then the CSR reschedules the appointment for a few days later, and you get to plan to stay home yet another full day hoping against hope that the tech will show up this time.

There must be a better way to ensure that you don’t lose out when the cable operator misses an appointment! Well, there is.

A relatively few number of savvy California cable TV subscribers know about a little-publicized law. A law that requires the cable TV operator who misses an appointment to compensate you for your lost wages and expenses up to a cap of $600. It is California Civil Code Section 1722(b).

That very powerful law says, in essence, that if you call in for a service call and the cable company requires that you be home to meet the technician (for example, to let the tech into your home or back yard), the cable company must honor your request that the appointment occur within a fixed 4-hour period, and to work with you to determine the day and time when that 4-hour period will start.

According to the law, “If the service connection or repair is not commenced within the specified four-hour period, except for delays caused by unforeseen or unavoidable occurrences beyond the control of the company, the subscriber may bring an action in small claims court against the company for lost wages, expenses actually incurred or other actual damages not exceeding a total of six hundred dollars ($600).”

But realize that this is a two-way street. As a cable subscriber, you have a duty, too. The cable operator has to start the repairs within the specified 4-hour window, but you have the duty to be home during that entire 4-hour period.

The cable operator has an ‘out’ if it can show that unforeseen or unavoidable occurrences did happen, and they made a legitimate effort to let you know. If so, then they don’t owe you any money. However, the larger the cable operator’s technical staff, the less likely they will have convincing a judge that whatever happened was truly unforeseeable or unavoidable.

Also, if you file a complaint with your cable TV franchisor (either the local City or County, or the California PUC, depending on whether your cable operator has a local or state franchise), and the government pursues the cable operator …

Fire Retardant Fabrics in Hotels and Bed and Breakfasts – Regulation or Sensible Precaution?

Since 2006 there has been much controversy in the UK about the new regulations introduced in fire safety law. Many in the industry see the changes as over-the-top and part of the ‘nanny state’. In this article we’ll briefly look at both what the law requires and consider the benefits of taking precautions, even when the law doesn’t explicitly demand it.

Over many years the UK government has increasingly targeted all forms of fire risks, with the aim of reducing the number of deaths and injuries caused by fire. In the postwar years there was a steady rise in these numbers and the government took notice. The number of deaths from smoke inhalation was of particular concern, as this rose sharply from the 1950s onward.

The reasons for this trend are disputed, but the fact that modern fabrics and fillers caused heavily toxic smoke when burning eventually prompted the government to regulate the supply of fabric and furnishings, because the more toxic the smoke from a fire the faster a person is incapacitated.

It is perhaps obvious that manufacturers and suppliers must comply with government regulations on fire retardant fabrics, but in 2006 the new regulations changed requirements for all business premises. Fire safety law was implemented by the ‘Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005’. Now, businesses are no longer required to have fire certificates but instead must conduct a risk assessment to prevent fires by reducing risk. The law makes it the responsibility of the business owner to ensure the safety of everyone who uses their premises.

There are specific guidelines for ‘sleeping accommodation’ which directly apply to curtain material. Hotels must meet the requirements of BS5867 Part 2 Type B when furnishing a room with curtains. This is a test where a flame is applied to the fabric for 15 seconds. In summary, this requires that if the fabric were to come into direct contact with a flame it would have a fire retardant quality for a short time by not burning to the edges or falling apart whilst burning.

There are basically two types of flame retardant (FR) fabrics:

1) those which have been treated after manufacture; and

2) those in which the FR quality is ‘built-in’. These are called ‘inherent FR fabrics ‘.

Where a fabric has been treated it must also be able to hold its FR quality after repeated washing.

Purchasing flame retardant fabrics from a reputable company with products that more than meet the requirements ensure fire safety and conform to the law. Look for products labelled ‘FR’ and ask whether they meet the safety standards for hotel use.

Unlike the requirements for curtains, for bed linen the new regulations only state that certain safety standards should be considered for ‘sleeping accommodation’ as a matter of fire prevention. The law does apply, though, to all the components of the actual bed (including head-boards, mattresses, sofa-beds, futons and other convertibles). Perhaps less obvious is that it also applies to pillows and even throw cushions.…

Cashing in a 401k for an Offer in Compromise

Filing an Offer in Compromise (OIC) is an excellent way to reduce your delinquent taxes with the Internal Revenue Service. However when making an offer with the IRS the questions always comes up as to whether or not a taxpayer has to cash in their 401 k plan to when making an offer to the government.

In making an OIC with the IRS, the taxpayer has to provide a lot of financial information to the government. This includes not only information on bank accounts, real estate, and vehicles but also on any 401k plans or other retirement plans that a taxpayer may have.

So on the financial disclosure form 433-A, the taxpayer will disclose the value of his 401k plan less any loans he may have against his 401K. Yet if the taxpayer were to take a distribution from his 401k plan, then the taxpayer would be subject to additional federal income taxes and state income taxes. This would then just make the taxpayer’s tax debt increase so what should a taxpayer do?

In this scenario, the taxpayer should disclose on form 433-A the value of his 401k less his loans, less the federal tax and less the state tax. For example let’s assume that John is 45 and is making an OIC to the IRS and he has $40,000 in his 401k plan. John has a $10,000 loan against his 401k plan so his net amount that he could take as a distribution is $30,000.

In regards to the taxes on this potential distribution, John would have to pay a 10{512b763ef340c1c7e529c41476c7e03bc66d8daea696e1162822661d30dde056} penalty for an early distribution since he is under the age of 59 ½. His federal tax rate is 25{512b763ef340c1c7e529c41476c7e03bc66d8daea696e1162822661d30dde056} so the total federal taxes associated with this distribution would be 35{512b763ef340c1c7e529c41476c7e03bc66d8daea696e1162822661d30dde056} and John’s state tax rate is 5{512b763ef340c1c7e529c41476c7e03bc66d8daea696e1162822661d30dde056}. So the total federal and state tax burden would be 40{512b763ef340c1c7e529c41476c7e03bc66d8daea696e1162822661d30dde056}.

This would then leave only 60{512b763ef340c1c7e529c41476c7e03bc66d8daea696e1162822661d30dde056} of the $30,000 or $18,000 as being eligible to pay off the delinquent taxes with an Offer in Compromise. This $18,000 is the dollar amount that John should disclose on form 433-A when he is making his offer in compromise to the IRS.

Preparing a successful offer in compromise is extremely time consuming and technical in nature. If you have delinquent taxes with the IRS and want to settle by making an OIC, then you should seek the professional assistance of an experience professional such as the author of this article, Michael McNamee.…

The Role of Oil in Nigerian Economy

It would be difficult to exaggerate the role of oil in the Nigerian economy. Since the first oil price shock in 1974, oil has annually produced over 90 percent of Nigeria's export income. In 2000 Nigeria received 99.6 percent of its export income from oil, making it the world's most oil-dependent country.

Oil production has also had a substantial effect on Nigeria's domestic sector. One way to characterize its impact is by looking at the rents produced by oil – that is, the returns in excess of production costs – in the Nigerian economy. From 1970 to 1999, oil generated almost $ 231 billion in returns for the Nigerian economy, in constant 1999 dollars. Since 1974, these rents have instituted between 21 and 48 percent of GDP.

Yet remarkably, these rents have failed to raise Nigerian incomes and done little to reduce poverty. Since 1970, Nigeria's per capital income has fallen by about four percent, in constant dollars. Although Nigerian poverty rates have never been well-measured, there is little indication that they have declined over the last three decades.

This lack of improvement is striking, given the size of Nigeria's oil windfall. Had each year's oil rents been invested in a fund that yielded just five percent real interests, at the end of 1999 the fund would be worth $ 454 billion. If divided among the general population, every man, woman, and child would receive about $ 3,750, equivalent to about 15 years of wages.

Oil has also had a deep influence on the Nigerian government. Since the early 1970s, the Nigerian government has already received over half of its revenues – sometimes as much as 85 percent – directly from the oil sector. These oil revenues are not only large, they are also highly volatile – that is, they can fluctuate drastically in size from year to year, causing the size of government, and the funding of government programs, to fluctuate accordingly. For example, from 1972 to 1975, government spending rose from 8.4 percent to 22.6 percent of GDP; By 1978, it dropped back to 14.2 percent of the economy.

Few Governments are able to cope with this kind of volatility, and it is not surprising – in retrospect – that the Nigerian government was unable to adhere to fiscal fiscal policies during the 1970s and 1980s, when oil prices fluctuated sharply. The decentralization of the Nigerian government made sound revenue management even more difficult, since much of the oil revenue has been automatically passed on from the federal government to the state and local Governments. The ability of these Governments to spend their funds wisely, and limit corruption, has been low.

Nigeria's oil wealth has also led to social and political unrest, particularly in the Niger Delta. The Igbo effort to secede from Nigeria, which led to the 1967-70 civil wars, was deeply rooted in ethnic tensions and Nigeria's colonial past; But the rebellion was encouraged by the presence of oil, and hence the belief that independence would …