Massachusetts Immediate Threat Suspensions

G.L. c. 90, Sec. 22(a) grants the Massachusetts Registry of Motor Vehicles broad power to indefinitely revoke a driver’s license for violations of the motor vehicle laws which constitute an immediate threat to the public safety. A revocation under the immediate threat law has been determined not to constitute a punishment and, therefore, a criminal prosecutions and non-punitive immediate threat suspension arising out of the same incident, such as an operating under the influence event, does not violate the double jeopardy clause of the United States Constitution or Massachusetts common, statutory, or constitutional law.

These indefinite license revocations are usually triggered by a police officer filing a report with the RMV wherein he explains why allowing the driver to remain on the road constitutes an immediate threat to public safety. Sometimes the issue is medical related such as a case where a person is operating under the influence of prescription medication. In other cases, the report is generated as a result of dangerous or reckless driving witnessed by or reported to a police officer. Immediate threat reports may involve companion criminal charges.

The legal standard for an indefinite immediate threat revocation, which the Registry had wide latitude in interpreting, is that the driver “has committed a violation of the motor vehicle laws of a nature which would give the Registrar reason to believe that continuing operation by such holder is and will be so seriously improper as to constitute an immediate threat to the public safety.”

The immediate threat statute requires that the Registrar find that a license holder poses such a significant threat to public safety, that the license should be summarily taken. Additionally, law requires that the Registrar provide the operator with a notice specifying the time and place of the violation or incident that led to the immediate threat suspension.

Anyone who is had his or her license or right to operate revoked as an immediate threat is entitled to a hearing at the Registry of Motor Vehicles within 30 days of the revocation and the driver is entitled to be represented by a lawyer. Massachusetts Immediate threat revocations are indefinite in nature, meaning that the revocation will not terminate unless and until the license holder has proven to the Registry’s satisfaction that the causes of the past or present violations or issues of concern have been brought under control such that the driver no longer poses a threat to the motoring public. A Registry of Motor Vehicles lawyer can help you make this showing and get your license reinstated. The RMV charges a $500.00 reinstatement fee for immediate threat suspensions.…

Ideal Basic Features of Student Parliament

Student parliament is an organization, be it political, neutral or simply cultural, it has to be some structure. The agenda of the forum needs to be well maintained and the forum should run on certain impersonal rules and regulations. The basic feature describes its basic nature, its prime moots, and its mission and the organizational structure and details to run these pre-fixed notions in planned and meticulous way.

The feature of student parliament may differ from one association to another however the basic similarities like the process of election, the activity schedule, and the membership criteria remain same regardless of country, community, and nature of the parliament etc.

Students 'parliament is basically a students' organization there before students should have the power of management of the organization with them although it is expected that there should be under some core committee who can monitor the activities and day to day agenda of the said organization with Close details. One of the basic features is its organizational structure; Although it is named as parliament but it acts more as a coordinated forum for the well being of students.

One of the basic features of student's parliament is its democratic approach. The forum should have made the access for the members to express, exchange, and extend their views for betterment and multifaceted analysis of an issue in order to find better solution and better approach for the ventilation of decisions about the issue to other members. The right to express opinions and points of views can make a dynamic, and perfectly contemporary in its over-all approach.

Student parliament should have basic principle to coordinate with seniors as well as teaching children about ventilation or demonstration their opinion against any issue. It is expected that students will use their energy, will power, and organizational skill in order to induce better changes in policies or rules of administration not to show obstinacy and stubbornness for short -term success and power play of political systems. It is expected that a should have some code of conduct for implementation of these issues.

Student parliament should work as a bridge between teaching body and common students. The student can place their problems not to harass or criticize the seniors or teachers but to seek assistance to resolve any controversies with a proper manner and rational humble approach.

The unity and mutual respect should be the basic approach of an ideal student parliament. It is always expected that student should approach an issue to open eyes and with open mind and should be ready to learn the pros and cons of all practical issues in order to understand their social and personal responsibility etc. …

Debates – Integral Parts of A Democratic Society

A debate enriches the people participating in it, thus contributing to the democratic system. Interactive argument on debate platforms allows participants to exchange views, making the right atmosphere for a consensus to develop. These debates are an integral part of a democratic society.

Society is an ever evolving entity and the reason behind the change is the people. It is we, the people, who prompt the change, causing the society we all live in to move on. Prevailing economic, political and social factors are behind these changes. These factors impact our lives in a profound manner, pushing us to discuss them and decide what will be better for our future.

Issues concerning us could be large or small. It could be as simple as to follow a daily talk show on the television on a given subject, or as big whether the UK must participate in any future war in the gulf. However, the debate must go on. In fact, it is the base of the democratic society as without debate, it will be autocracy and not democracy.

Democracy is the system that flows from bottom to top and not vice versa. It is people who make the Government in a democracy. An everyday man can get things to happen in a democracy and that is the beauty of this system.

A democratic society can use various platforms to debate, and each of these platforms would carry its own value. A debate could be large or small as well. A few people discussing matters in a drawing room is as much a debate as two politicians discussing Britain’s foreign policy on national television. Discussions as small as a drawing room or coffee shop level play their part in formation of a general opinion on a given matter.

Then, there is a new platform – social media. People can express themselves on social media calling a spade a spade. They can use blogs to offer their take on various subjects the society, nation and the world faces. There are online forums which can contribute to productive discussion on certain topics. People can discuss freely and even if a participant crosses the limit, the moderator can take care of it.

You can be part of the sites which are a notch higher than the usual forums and popular social media. These sites have reputed academics, who can enrich you with their issue-penetrating articles, on their panel. Reading their thoughts on a range of current issues will help you comprehend an issue in a better way. These will help you develop an analytical mind, enabling you to look on issues with the angles, you hitherto did not think of.

Any news which is worthy of making it to a debate, will find place on these sites. So if you are convinced that the issue you are in is debate news, visit these websites and you will find it. Go through the existing articles and the readers’ feedback on the given subject and …

John Dryden and Social and Literary Background of His Age

John Dryden (1631-1700), the major poet of the Restoration Age, was born at Aldwincle, a village near Oundle in Northampton shire. His paternal grand father named Sir Eramus Dryden was a baroner and his mother was Lady Pickering, the first cousin of Sir Gilbert Pickering. He received his primary education in the village school of neighbouring Tichmarsh. From Tichmarsh, he passed on to Westminster school about the year 1642. From Westminster, he went to Trinity College, Cambridge in 1650.He was close to Sir Robert Howard that friendship caused of his marriage with Lady Elizabeth in 1663, the daughter of his friend, but the marriage proved unhappy.

Undoubtedly, he was an original and discriminating critic. Dr Johnson called him, “the father of English Criticism”. Besides, he was the founder of modern prose style. He was an outstanding poet and dramatist. In his age, minor literary critics were so many with their erratic work, but the major contemporaries with significant work were Thomas Rhymer, John Dennis and Jeremy Collier. It would be better to discuss social and literary background of his age (1660-1700).

A. Social Background:

The Age of Dryden begins with the Restoration of Charles II to the throne in 1660 till the death of the poet in 1700. It will not be exaggeration to say that he was the dominant literary figure who nicely represented the period. His age was deeply influenced by the three historical events: the Restoration of Charles II in 1660, the religious and political controversies and the Popish plot, and the Golden Revolution of the year 1688. As far as the Restoration of Charles II is concerned, it increased corruption etc. It took a violent reaction against the Puritan restraints. All the values of society, what the Puritan had prevailed, were violated. The king was very odd had a number of mistresses and illegitimate children. He was irresponsible and unpatriotic who always stood against his promises, broke his treaty with the Dutch and with his own ministers and betrayed his country. His court was dishonourable and the parliament passed the bills against the church and the state with the thirst of revenge from those who were connected with the puritan government of Cromwell. The House of Lords was increased by the creation of hereditary titles, desecrated men and unabashed women. Even the judiciary was not safe.

In this era, the unpleasantness in the field of religious and political parties was strongly vivid. There were the two central political parties, the Whigs and the Tories. They divided the atmosphere of the country with their touch. The Whigs was in favour of limiting the royal power in the interests of the nation and the parliament, where as the Tories was different and it supported the ‘divine right’ theory of the kings. The both parties proved fruitful for the men of literary abilities. They were in pursuit of the support and bribed them with places and pensions. The writers of the day were not free from the political bias …

5 Excesses/Wastes Of Government Budgeting

Politicians generally spend most of their time, using empty rhetoric and making promises, they either know they won’t fulfill, or simply not caring about fulfilling them! Unfortunately, the best of intentions, and/ or ideas, unless accompanied with relevant solutions, and enough attention to details, rarely achieves, very much, which makes any changes needed! The issue/ reason is generally, a lack of discipline, thinking outside – the – box, or principled, focused budgeting, etc. Whenever you hear any politician propose something, ask how it will be paid for! In the vast majority of cases, unfortunately, you will be given more double – talk, than responsible answers/ solutions! Let’s review, briefly, 5 areas, where there is significant, governmental, budgetary excess.

1. Padded areas and/ or spending bills: We often witness irresponsible representatives, include unrelated (or barely related) items, within another spending bill. For example, the recently passed legislation (by the House of Representatives), which included added defense spending, also included $1.6 billion, for the first, small segment, of President Trump’s often – trumpeted, much – discussed wall (on the Mexican border). However, why should this be included, when necessary elements, such as environment, ownership issues, legalities, and the true needs, have not been fully determined. Beware, when you’re told this type of spending is only a minor percentage of the overall budget, because, the only way to balance any budget, is one – step (bite) – at – a – time! We often witness totally unrelated, pet projects, included, solely because it might help someone politically, as a sort of payoff, for a positive vote! Wouldn’t you say, that’s padding?

2. Laziness: We nearly always, hear, or witness, budgets prepared, simply, by modifying previous budgets, and then bragging about maintaining a relatively, small budget increase! It should not be about that percentage, but, rather, how the funds are being expended. This is not merely a national issue, because it exists, on the local level, such as school budgets, etc. I have come to believe it’s a combination of laziness, and lack of understanding, because budgets should be prepared, at least on a periodic basis, using zero – based budgeting principles.

3. Pet projects: When representatives permit their votes to be bought, by approving/ including their pet projects, the overall process, is weakened, and there is far more excess and waste, than there should be!

4. How amounts are determined: Examine how these budget figures are determined, and whether, the process is conducted with an open – minded, alternative – oriented, best – methods, approach!

5. It’s only a drop in the bucket!: When we permit representatives to proceed, thinking it’s only a drop in the bucket, minimizing the overall impact, they fail to recognize, those qualified to prepare budgets, realize and understand, budgets are only balanced, when every expenditure is justified!

In my four decades of preparing budgets for organizations and businesses, I have developed the ability, to effectively consider budgetary possibilities, considerations, needs, priorities and considerations. Tell your representatives, you …

Definition of Feminism

The most straightforward definition of feminism says that is a movement for social, cultural, political and economic equality of men and women. It is a campaign against gender inequalities and it strives for equal rights for women. Feminism can be also defined as the right to enough information available to every single woman so that she can make a choice to live a life which is not discriminatory and which works within the principles of social, cultural, political and economic equality and independence.

Feminism can be also defined as a global phenomenon which addresses various issues related to women across the world in a specific manner as applicable to a particular culture or society. Though the issues related to feminism may differ for different societies and culture but they are broadly tied together with the underlying philosophy of achieving equality of gender in every sphere of life. So feminism cannot be tied to any narrow definitions based on a particular class, race or religion.

Definition of feminism: Global struggle

It is in fact a global struggle for gender equality and end of gender based discriminatory practices against women. So White American Women, Black American Women, Asian Women, Latin American Women, European Women or Women from any other part of the world are united in their struggle against gender based discrimination and inequality. Though they may be working for issues specific to their cultural and social settings but they are united in the philosophy of achieving equality of women in every sphere of life.

Further we need to agree that the definition of feminism may differ for every individual based on her experience in life. Two different women may come together to campaign for feminism entirely based on their own reasons influenced by the practical experiences of their specific lives.

To understand the definition of feminism in depth we also need to study the following topics in detail so that we get a multiple perspective on feminism.

1. Feminism and Society-This includes subtopics such as the civil rights campaign, language and feminism, heterosexual relationships and feminism, culture and feminism and women’s writing which also include feminist science fiction and riot girl feminism.

2. Feminism and Political Movements.

3. Feminism and Economic Development.

4. Feminism and Science.

Feminism is also related to men in the sense that all gender based equality is in fact a balance between the male and female with the intention of liberating the individual. In that sense the definition of feminism also includes all movements and campaigns that target men and boys for gender sensitisation with a goal to end gender based discriminatory practices and achieve gender based equality.…