Importance of Having a Constitution

The American Constitution was made in the eighteenth century. In 1789, the constitution became effective, since then it plays an important role in keeping the United States a safe and orderly country.

1. The first answer to the question why was the Constitution created is because to have one legal basis for the all the rights of the citizens. The American constitution contains the bill of rights. You can see the complete list of all every citizen of America can enjoy. You can still see the original draft displayed in Washington, D.C.

2. The second answer to the question why was the constitution created is because it serves as the strong framework for any nation’s peace and order. In America, the constitution addressed the urgent need of integration all the states in a unified paradigm. The constitution is the highest law that everyone needs to uphold. The United States constitution is one of the shortest constitutions you can find in the world.

3. The third answer to the question why was the constitution created is because it is the foundation of the authorities of any legal entity. The law enforcers, judges, lawyers, mayors and other politicians cannot abuse their law because they also need to follow the constitution.

4. The fourth answer to the question why was the constitution created is because it provided the United States government the right way on how to organize their government. It defined the duties of each government body in a clear and precise way. The congress is the legislative body, the president is the main leader of the executive body and the Supreme Court is the leader in the judicial department.

5. The fifth answer to the question why was the constitution created is because it gave direction to all the three main departments of the American government. The constitution gave the outline of all the powers that every government department can exercise while at the same time clearly defining what every citizen can also exercise. It defined the importance of being accountable to the government especially on court trials. This ensured the welfare of all the people by establishing what the government can and cannot do. It also established the fact that the judicial, executive and legislative bodies of the government are interdependent on one another.

6. The sixth answer to the question why the United States constitution is important is to outline all the freedom every American can enjoy namely, freedom for speech, freedom for access to the media, freedom for religion, freedom for petitions and freedom for establishing an assembly.…

Why Some Political Followers Seem Not To Care When They’re Lied To: 5 Reasons

Have you ever wondered why, it seems, so many citizens, who support a specific politician and/ or elected official, continue to loyally follow that individual, regardless of how often, he disappoints them, lies to them, or fails to address and/ or realistically address, their needs, concerns, etc, with viable solutions, and/ or plans? The current American President, Donald J. Trump, who, almost certainly has been the most polarizing politician, in recent times, has consistently lied to the American public, and rather than excusing his behavior, or avoiding future lies, has ended up doubling – down, and proclaiming he is telling the truth. While Mr. Trump has the lowest popularity numbers, and the highest negative numbers, of any President, at this stage of holding office, his polling numbers, among his core followers, has remained mostly steady, and strong. His strongest supporters appear to either, not care, or buy – into, the lies, half – truths, etc, either because they want to, they’ve come to accept Fake News, or they are absorbed with the vitriol, rhetoric, empty promises, or, perhaps, personal agenda and perceived, self – interest. Let’s briefly examine 5 possible reasons for this behavior and mindset.

1. It agrees with what they want: Many individuals prefer to focus on their desire to blame and complain, than to listen to realities and/ or the facts! Wishing for something, and making yourself believe, ends up, with these individuals, wanting to accept lies and distortions!

2. Willing to overlook things, when it serves their personal agenda: An examination, for example, of the President’s core supporters, indicates, he attracts certain types of individuals or groups, more than others. Those sharing his views about, for example, blaming immigrants for lack of jobs and/ or terrorism; blaming certain minorities, as a justification to why they might not be as successful as possible; hoping that certain industries will be reincarnated, although most experts state these industries are not relevant and/ or sustainable, into the future; denying climate change, and blaming it for job loss, etc.

3. Hatred, bigotry, and/ or bias: Perhaps no other politician has ever been able to use vitriol and rhetoric, to inspire potential followers, to support him, because of their inner hatred, bigotry, bias, etc, than our current President. He realizes it’s often easier to blame others, and complain, than to offer realistic, viable solutions, and quality plans!

4. Don’t check: Many voters are somewhat apathetic, and thus, if they hear something often – enough, and it conforms with what they want, don’t bother to check on the truth, and merely are influenced by the rhetoric and claims!

5. Believe the Fake News: While President Trump has been very successful on blaming (and/ or stating) anything or anyone, who disagrees with him, is fake news, and claiming there is a conspiracy against him by the phony media, no one has ever relied more heavily upon, or gotten his so – called facts, from the Fake News! With the primary news source of …

Pink Gear Is Being Increasingly Used By Law Enforcement

The use of the color pink to differentiate between boys and girls (boys used blue) was in common usage in French orphanages since the 18th century. The color pink has therefore acquired a feminine aspect, in that law enforcement officers have also used pink gear in the line of everyday duty. In recent times police officers have carried pink gear like handcuffs, which they use to cuff people they have arrested. Their use on persons who consider themselves very macho are considered demeaning for the prisoner.

Pink Gear Items Used by Law Enforcement Officers

Handcuffs are the most prominent item in such pink gear and are made of stainless steel of high strength, which are comparatively light in weight. Such handcuffs are available in varieties that allow hinges or chains and with single and double locks. When you talk of pink gear, women law enforcement officers may even pick up pistol grips in that color that can fit onto any handgun issued to them. They can also opt for pink gloves that are meant for outdoor use. Such gloves have stretch mesh for airflow and are made of suede. Caps in the same color, knives, rifle cases and pouches complete the ensemble.

The Use of Pink for Men Is Considered Demeaning

While women using men’s clothing has received acceptance all over the world, the reverse is still not acceptable. Women even so wear men’s style clothing that has been feminized to suit their bodies, and have since gone on to become style statements. However, it is still considered degrading for a man to wear women’s clothes. Pink has been associated with women, and thus to many men that color is feminine. So anything associated with that color, has a slightly demeaning effect. This fact has been taken advantage of by law enforcement officers, who use pink gear restraints and pink clothing to intimidate persons that they have arrested. Recently the pink locker rooms in a refurbished stadium came in for a lot of criticism, especially from football players who considered it an insult to use such changing rooms. Psychologists have established that pink has a calming influence on people, and so their use in such change rooms, is bound to help players to settle down before they go out on the field of play.

Cancer and the Color Pink

Awareness of breast cancer has been raised by using the color pink. A number of manufacturers of all sorts of goods have used the color pink on their products to create pink gear that accentuates their own commitment to the fight against breast cancer. So you will even find self-defense products like pepper sprays being made in the color pink to increase this association. The fact that pepper sprays find a lot of acceptance among women for their defense and that they prefer the color has helped in the marketing efforts of such pink gear products. You will also find stun guns in that color that are equally effective for self-defense …

Drinking Laws For Passengers While Riding in a Limousine

It is unlawful or illegal for any passengers riding in a limousine to consume alcoholic beverages in the Ontario, Canada area. The same goes for Calgary, Canada. This bylaw was passed in February 2007 although many people did not know of its existence until recently because the bylaw has of late come up for review.

This bylaw is also in the city of Calgary, Canada and they are not too happy about it. Some companies have even filed formal complaints with the city stating that these laws do not encourage responsible choices against drinking and driving. And that is one of the main reasons people choose to take a limousine so they don’t have to drink and drive. The reasons for celebration have all but been taken away. Not that everyone drinks when they ride in the limousine, but a lot of people do rent limousines for a celebration of some sort including weddings and going out with their friends to a special event or a ballgame or hockey game.

Going to and from an event, as a passenger in a limousine, you may have alcoholic beverages with you in unopened containers; however no one is allowed to be drinking them in the back of the limousine in Calgary or Ontario, Canada. The laws are different in various areas of Canada and when you cross down the border into the United States, they are different in various states as well.

The law basically defeats the purpose for going out for a celebration in limousine and that’s what has many of the limousine companies and passengers up in arms about. If you can’t drink while someone else is driving then you might as well go in your own car and have someone else drive although, this is also illegal to be drinking in the car while someone else is driving. This brings up the law in the states where there is a partition between the driver and the people drinking alcoholic beverage. In some states this is considered legal and Canadians think this should be legal as well.

Unless the driver has a special license, his or her passengers cannot drink in the back of the limousine. This means if the driver of the limousine has a special license, his or her passengers may consume alcohol during their ride in the back of the limousine.

This special license is called an Ontario Liquor Delivery Service License and it comes from The Registrar of The Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario (AGCO). This special license allows the driver to have his or her passengers consume alcoholic beverages in the back of the limousine.

The AGCO collects data on a limousine company and then has a rigorous testing policy in place before it allows a limousine company to obtain an Ontario Liquor Delivery Service License in which the limousine company can therefore deliver liquor or have liquor in the limousine.

The drinking laws for passengers in Canada very from Providence to Providence so …

The Root Causes of Youth Restiveness in Nigeria

• Marginalization: The notion appears to have gained ground that the youth resort to restiveness because of their perceived marginalisation by the ‘selfish’ elders in the scheme of things in the communities. In order to get their share of the benefits accruing to the society they resort to taking on their elders headlong, culminating in the restiveness rampant in most of our communities today.

• Unemployment: Unemployment is a hydra-headed monster which exists among the youth in all developing countries. The unemployment rate in Nigeria was last reported at 23.9 percent in 2011. The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) has put the figure of unemployed Nigerians in the first half of the year at 23.9 per cent, up from 21.1 per cent in 2010 and 19.7 per cent in 2009.

Minister for Agriculture, Dr. Akinwumi Adesina noted that Nigeria’s unemployment rate is spiraling upwards, growing at 11 per cent yearly, According to him “Youth unemployment rate is over 50 per cent. “Our unemployment rate is spiralling, driven by the wave of four Million young people entering the workforce every year with only a small fraction able to find formal employment.

The rising tide of unemployment and the fear of a bleak future among the youth in African countries have made them vulnerable to the manipulations of agents’ provocateurs”. These include aggrieved politicians, religious demagogues, and greedy multinationals that employ these youths to achieve their selfish ambitions. It is clearly evident that the absence of job opportunities in developing countries is responsible for youth restiveness with disastrous consequences.

This leaves in its trails; low productivity, intra-ethnic hostilities, unemployment, poverty, prostitution and environmental degradation.

• Exuberance: Very often, the youth are described as full of youthful exuberance. This raw energy has of late been channelled into unwholesome and socially unacceptable venture that threaten the very fabrics of the community. Also the issue of availability and accessibility of drugs in street corners which predispose the youth to abnormal behaviours when they come under their influence adds to youth restiveness.

It is also believed that some disgruntled leaders, elders and politicians in our society resort to recruiting youth for settling scores or using them against perceived enemies. With this trend, the activities of these youth have degenerated to outright criminality. Once these youth get mobilized for these nefarious activities they become uncontrollable and the society suffers.

• Poverty

Poverty connotes inequality and social injustice and this traumatizes the poor. More than 70 percent of people in Nigeria are in abject poverty, living below the poverty line, and one- third survive on less than US $1 dollar a day. This figure includes an army of youth in urban centres in Nigeria who struggle to eke out a living by hawking chewing sticks, bottled water, handkerchiefs, belts, etc. The sales-per-day and the profit margin on such goods are so small that they can hardly live above the poverty line. Disillusioned, frustrated, and dejected, they seek an opportunity to express their anger against the state. Scholars have …

The Effects Of Hobbies On Our Daily Lives

Have you ever thought about why you need to have a hobby? Or, if you already have a hobby, the many benefits you get from it?

In today’s fast paced society, many people experience stress on a daily basis. Stress affects us mentally, physically and emotionally. One of the best ways of dealing with stress is having a hobby. The reasons are that hobbies allow us the ability to unleash our creativity, boost our self esteem, engage in an activity we are passionate about and give us a sense of pleasure and accomplishment.

Let’s think about these benefits individually…unleash our creativity. “Creativity is exciting, energizing, grounding, and timeless. When we create, time stops and space expands; it is then, in that place of thought and action, that we express our truest selves.” This is a quote from Ilene Segalove and Paul Bob Velick’s book, “List Your Creative Self”. I love this quote because it expresses the concept of creativity and the importance of it.

Let’s look at the second benefit, boost our self esteem. Studies have shown a relationship between low self-esteem, crime and violence. Therefore, anything that boosts self esteem can help us individually and as a society. Having good self esteem allows us to try new things and enables us to make better decisions.

The next benefit is engage in an activity we are passionate about. How often do we get to engage in an activity we are truly passionate about? There are certain aspects about my job that I enjoy but I cannot say I am passionate about it. And do you really love those household chores? The only time I can wholeheartedly say that I engage in an activity I am passionate about is doing things with my family or through my chosen hobby.

Now, the last benefit, gives us a sense of pleasure and accomplishment. Again, most of our day is filled with activities that we are required to do to provide ourselves with the necessities of life. It is important to do activities that give us pleasure and a sense of accomplishment. Also we can improve current skills or learn new ones through our hobby.

Hobbies allow us hours away from daily worries and enable us to form lasting friendships with like-minded individuals. So the next time you are preparing to engage in your chosen hobby, remember and be thankful for the many benefits you get from your hobby.…

What Constitutes Ethical Or Unethical Behavior?

Ethical behavior refers to that conduct that is beyond reproach and is in accordance to the laid down standards of a society, organization or institution.

Ethical behavior in society

This varies from place to place. The behaviors considered unethical in one society can be acceptable in another. For instance, it is an unethical social behavior to engage in favoritism in the public. Refusing to relate with others on the basis of their age, sex and race are also unethical social behaviors.

Ethical behavior within the work place

This refers to conduct that organizations expect their employees to hold while at work. Most organizations have formulated documents referred to as ‘codes of conduct’, that set out the accepted behaviors within the work place. They have set out the rules and regulations that need to be adhered to by those in their employ. This is mainly because an individual’s conduct can affect the relationships within an organization, thereby taking a negative toll on the overall performance of an organization.

Employee’s unethical behavior

In any organization, it is unethical of an employee to be corrupt. One is not supposed to accept or give out bribes in exchange for services or goods. An employee who engages in corruption is said to have acted in an unethical manner. Taking excessive breaks or repeated sick leave are also unethical behaviors. This should only happen when there is a serious need to do so. Mild headaches do not count. Again, taking office supplies home is extremely unethical. Office property should be kept separately from one’s personal property. In some organizations, this conduct can be translated to theft.

Employer’s unethical behavior

It is not only employees who can behave in unethical ways. Employers also have a common code of conduct and are required to act in a given manner. For instance, an employer is not supposed to use the company money for his personal expenses. 

Ethical behavior in academic institutions

For students within learning institutions it is unethical behavior to cheat during examinations.

Ethical behavior is to be cultivated within an individual from an early age. Without strong moral convictions, one can be easily swayed to engage in contrary behaviors.…

How to Find Good Legal Services Abroad

Advancement in technology has made it quick and easy to set up businesses abroad. Whether the business functions out of a brick-and- mortar office or a virtual one, doing business on an international level has become the norm. Conducting business in a foreign country entails familiarity with the host country’s laws. The legal intricacies of international trading could be quite challenging, and without the right legal guidance, a business owner may well end up paying penalties and fines, and saddled with legal hitches. What does it take to find good legal services abroad?

Areas of Specialization

One of the travails of establishments operating in a foreign country is finding good legal services. Lawyers usually specialize in one particular type of law, or other related areas. A lawyer may generally work on immigration cases, while another one may be a tax specialist. Note that there are lawyers who only render advice to their clients, and not represent them to actual court litigation.

General areas of legal practice include: personal injury, criminal law, tax, employment and family law. It is best to choose a lawyer that specializes in one’s legal concern and one that has a firm foundation in the laws of the host country.

Different Types of Lawyer

Foreign Legal Consultants may be classified as lawyers working for international law firms based in foreign countries. These attorneys may advise clients regarding the requirements and conditions of the host country’s law, but they may or may not be licensed to practice law in the country where they are based. If court representation is needed, a licensed lawyer in the country where he works is required.

Solicitors and Barristers are specialized lawyers who may be practicing in foreign countries. Solicitors generally do not represent clients in court, but advise them, and may put together legal cases for barristers to take to court.

Notaries usually do the functions of attorneys, but depending on the country they practice, their job description may vary. Notaries may draft transfers of property titles and wills. In some countries, notaries are Ministry of Justice appointees and may act as administrators in estate settlements.

Where to Find a Lawyer

Searching for a lawyer in a foreign country is no longer too tasking. Overseas embassies and consulates of most countries have listings of local lawyers who have expressed their willingness to assist citizens of another country. For example, an American in Thailand may go to the U.S. embassy and he will be furnished with a copy of local lawyers willing to assist a U.S. citizen.

There are international bar associations with local chapters that could help foreigners with their legal problems. Most of these associations and similar organizations have standing agreements with accredited members in other countries.

Law firms maintain websites. This should make it doubly easy for anyone needing legal counsel to find a qualified lawyer through this mode.

Law schools have credible law professors who may be practicing or may know a practicing lawyer in his circle. If the …

Witchcraft – The Witch of Today

For centuries, the practice of witchcraft was considered an evil and foul tradition, and witches were hunted and killed, often by cruel and painful methods, usually by being burnt alive at the stake. Fear of witches and witchcraft was widespread throughout several areas of Europe and in some areas of a newly settled America. The witchcraft delusion was an epidemic affecting everyone, and even a simple accusation of being a witch, despite the absence of any real evidence, was often enough to condemn an individual to torture and death.

Thankfully, modern society has moved beyond such superstition and insanity, and today, witches are free to practice varying traditions of witchcraft openly and without fear of persecution. The Wiccan religion is perhaps the most well known form of modern witchcraft, thanks in part to movies and media attention. However, there are several forms of modern witchcraft being practiced today, though most have roots in ancient cultural traditions.

Modern witchcraft in western culture can be largely attributed to the influence and practices of three specific individuals. The first is Gerald Gardner, sometimes referred to as the Father of modern Witchcraft. In the late 1930s and during the 1940s, Gerald Gardner began establishing several covens throughout Britain in an attempt to revive the foundations of the old religion, which is closely related to modern Wicca.

Gerald Gardner was a public figure who wrote several books on the subject of witchcraft, helping to cast the old traditions in a new and positive light and reshape society’s perspective of witchcraft.

Another individual of note is Margaret Murray, a British scholar who studied ancient witchcraft and also wrote of old religions, preceding Gerald Gardner’s work by over 20 years. Her books are considered essential reference sources for practitioners of modern Wiccanism.

The third individual credited with influencing the contemporary witchcraft movement is Alexander Sanders. Alexander studied witchcraft as a young boy, as it was a family tradition passed down by his grandmother. Alexander also established several covens throughout Britain, and proclaimed himself the “king of witches.”

While Wiccanism might be the most popular tradition of witchcraft studied and followed by modern society, other old traditions still exist. Native Americans and indigenous tribes located in Central and South America still practice shamanistic magic. Similarly, tribes in Africa and Australia look to their tribal witch doctors whenever tribal magic might be needed, whether it be asking the gods for a good hunt, or seeking to expel a sickness from a tribe member.

In Louisiana and Haiti, Voodoo is practiced, and similar traditions such as Santeria in the Spanish Islands, as well as other offshoots of voodoo such as Hoodoo and Macumba.

Most forms of witchcraft share common denominators — rituals, spellcasting, and calling upon the gods for help or wisdom. Typically, most forms of witchcraft are also considered “white”, or good, and are meant for healing and positive effects, rather than to induce harm, curses, or ill will towards an individual.

While many books and resources are available …

Important Facts About the Criminal Law

Criminal law can be generally defined as the branch of law that majorly classifies crimes, treats of their nature, and provides best effective ways or approaches that can be followed for their punishment. In recent times, it has emerged as one of the few fields that are attracting many young aspirants to make their career. In fact, in the last few years the ratio of students practicing criminal law has increased rapidly. These days, many young lawyers are engaged in criminal law practice work for a governmental agency on either the federal or local level or in the non-indigent defense work for solo or small private practices. Today it is counted among one of the major vital parts of the legal system in the United States and offer rewards that are very exciting and better than any other profession. However, the field of criminal law even features some of the most important facts that are worth to be known.

Today if we talk about the criminal law then it is very important to understand the exact meaning or the classification of crimes. In simple terms, crimes can be classified as felony or misdemeanor, but there is a slight difference between felony and misdemeanor. The basic distinction between felonies and misdemeanors rests on the penalty and the power of imprisonment. Basically, a misdemeanor is defined as an offense for which a punishment other than detention or death in the state prison is followed by the law. Besides this, there are many people who often get confused with the term “degree of crime”. Now, the term degree of crime primarily relates to distinctions in the guiltiness of a crime because of the circumstances surrounding its commission.

In the United States, the power to define crimes and set penalty generally depends on the legislatures of the United States, the states, and the territories along with the principal authority associated to that of the individual states. In addition, a common-law crime is one punishable universal regulation, as distinguished from crimes specified by statute. However, these days in many U.S. jurisdictions, including those in which inclusive criminal law has been enacted the common law in relative to the criminal process.

The procedure in criminal cases is significantly similar all through the United States. If the offense is severe, the case is initially passed to a grand jury, which draws up condemnation if there is enough proof to validate the trial, or else it discharges the charged convict. However, it is really surprising to find that in the United States, the offenders proved as guilty in the criminal offence may be liable to get life long imprisonment, which can go up to 100 years. Moreover, the electric chair punishments and other severe criminal punishments have been amended in US, many years back.

If we talk about the criminal laws in gulf countries then the picture is totally different. The laws are very strict with regard to the execution of punishments. In gulf countries, the criminal laws …