Samples of Grant Proposals for Single Moms, the Heroines

A single mother is someone who has no one to share the responsibility with regard to raising her child or children. She is the only one who is obliged in providing material, emotional, financial, and physiological needs of her kids.

Most of single mothers have an unstable job or are unemployed. Either of the two has been the problem in meeting the needs and expenses for the home and children. Because of their fast-paced life, some single moms don’t have the time and money to finish their education. Most of them are just renting an apartment and doesn’t have their own house. They are having trouble in paying for other expenses, such as food, clothing, and many others.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, there are about 20 million children who are now living with only one parent, either mother or father. But in most cases, they are living with their mother. That is almost one-fourth of the children in America. Alarmed and concerned by this statistics, the government had offered various programs for single mothers. Funding assistance is also given to those who are in dire need of financial and educational support.

Is she eligible enough?

To qualify for U.S. government grants, a mother should be a resident of the U.S. for more than three years ahead of the application. If the applicant’s husband has legally abandoned her and the children for more than a year, then she can avail of the money. Furthermore, if her illegitimate husband’s identity is unknown, a single mother is entitled for financial aid. All she has to do is to submit all required legal documents, such as birth certificates of mother and child/children, legal divorce papers, loans, and other legal documents available and are required by the funding institution.

Here are some programs that a single mother can apply to, utilizing samples of grant proposals readily available online:

Housing Assistance

Providing a safe, secured, and comfortable shelter is one of the priorities of mothers. Owning one is also a dream of every single mom. Knowing the fact that most of single moms only rent an apartment or house is a proof that this is an added burden to them. Fortunately, there are many housing assistance programs exclusively offered to them by the government. These programs provide flexible and affordable housing loans and rentals for low or no-income single mothers. In this way, they can still own a house without worrying where to get a down payment.

Educational Assistance

How important is it to be educated and have a college diploma? Well, this is probably the most important qualification in securing the desired job. By receiving a funding assistance, single mothers may now have the chance to go back to school and continue their studies.

Samples of grant proposalsare really a big help in crafting a proposal for financial assistance and scholarship. These may cover housing, books, tuition, transportation and many expenses that are related to college schooling, all depend on the funding organization. These educational programs aim to put single mothers back on the right track to give them a chance to a better career and work opportunity.

With the help of samples of grant proposals for single mothers, they now have the chance to give their children financial support. Their worries may be relieved. Above all, they are now empowered. Start on a writing a good proposal for single moms today!

The Importance of The American Dream

There is more going on here regarding the debt over taxing the "wealthy" than the deficit or the match of the middle class. In America we have something no other country on the face of the planet has every had. This something is the reason why the US economy is $ 14.3 trillion, while our nearest competitor is less than $ 6 trillion; Not even close. This something is the reason why there are 403 billionaires in the US, while our closest competitor has 62. This something is the reason why immigrants from the four corners of the globe risk life and limb to get to our shores. This something is why millions of Americans start new companies; Why entrepreneurship is so strong in the US. What is this something? The American Dream.

The American Dream is the idea that an individual or their family can rise from poverty to wealth in one or two generations. It is the idea that the wealth that we create is ours to keep (property rights). It is the idea for a better life for our children and our children's children. There has been an intentional indoctrination of America's citizens to revile the "wealthy" and castigate them as evil. This is wrong. The wealthy in America are not evil. They are the American Dream achievers. They buy into the American Dream. They risk everything in order to create a better life for their families. The American Dream is responsible for the largest economy the world has ever known.

The next time a politician, the media or some pundit opine on the need to tax the "wealthy" more than everyone else, I want you to substitute the phrase "American Dream Achiever" for "wealthy". American Dream achievers, the "wealthy", should not be punished with punitive taxes. They should be held up as true American heros. They are the reason for America's greatness as the world's # 1 economy. This group should be honored, not reviled. They should be taxed less, not more than everyone else through lower taxation of business profits, capital gains, dividends and interest income. There needs to be an incentive for those who seek and achieve the American Dream. The US needs to send a message to our children that the American Dream is real and worthy of pursuit. Taxing the "wealthy" more than others is wrong-headed. It's anti-American Dream.

What Does Neon Do For Your Life?

Can it save your life? It could give you a warning about a life-threating situation to avoid, Yes, it had done that for many persons because it makes a bigger visual impact on you than a painted sign does. Most of the population doesn’t give that use much thought. Your first thought would probably be that neon doesn’t benefit you personally. Your contact with neon, like that of most people, is neon signs that seem to be almost everywhere. If you’re like most people, neon signs may be the only use of neon that comes to your mind. You’re walking past a store and you see an “OPEN” sign in that tells you that it is open and ready for business. That’s the neon usage you and millions of others know and understand. Almost everyone takes neon signs for granted-a part if life, and we all know what their purpose is. Their aim is to induce a quick decision from the prospective buyer.

Whether they flash, use animation, display a brand-name logo, or perform a popular service by letting you know that the store sells lottery tickets they serve a useful function. They are a convenience that people have come to depend upon. The save time and money for busy shoppers and provide income for businessmen. However, in highly-competitive areas such as shopping districts, and areas that abound with businesses they are undoubtedly a way of making income and surviving. That’s why use of the sign the neon sign as an adverting method rapidly gained worldwide popularity. They produced beneficial results in any language. Just think, without neon signs the world would be a much darker place and businesses would be a lot less profitable. However, the chances of anything like that ever happening are just about nil.

What makes neon perform so well that it can handle advertising chores so efficiently and so profitably? What allows it to undertake all those little-known tasks that it handles so well? The main reason is that neon is s first-rate conductor of electricity. Moreover, it has the amazing ability to give of a light that can be seen at great distances. Neon is frequently used in airplane beacons, a use that is probably unknown to most people. In fact, some pilots have reported seeing neon beacons 29 miles away when it was impossible ti see other kinds of lights. Neon signs are even visible through the fog. Its use as airplane beacons benefits millions of air travelers.

Neon doesn’t come cheap. Pure neon costs $33. per 100 grams. Something so expensive has to be worth this huge price. Other uses were found for neon. It is used in vacuum tubes, television tubes, high-voltage indicators, lighting arrestors (whose function it is to protect electrical equipment from damages by

lightning or some other electrical source by diverting the electricity to the ground). and water meter tubes. Now here we begin to see that neon serves much higher purposes than just helping businessmen to make sales. Through these another uses its benefits are made available to millions all over the world. But neon is not through yet. Liquefied neon is used as a cryogenic refrigerant in certain cases, when the use of the more expensive liquid helium is to be avoided.When used with an Ion Engine ionized neon can serve as a propellant in space. A little-known possibility for the use of neon is as a chemical weapon, but this may not be likely because it is highly toxic.

But wait, let’s not forget what is a more widely-known use of neon, the gas laser. This is made by combining neon with helium. Gas lasers are used in the medical profession in eye surgery to remove cataracts. Indeed, even if lasers can’t save lives they can save your eyesight and that’s no small accomplishment.

Over the years neon has come into its own through a growing usage of neon lighting in various forms to enhance and brighten home decor. Neon wall clocks can be found in many of today’s homes, Neon clocks came into existence in the 1930’s. They were the creation of the Electric Neon Clock based in Cleveland, Ohio. These clocks were originally called Aztec neon wall clocks and were widely used in bars, shops, and offices. They were produced in many different types and colors and were extremely popular.

Neon has amassed quite a list of accomplishments for itself. That’s not bad for an element that is rare on Earth, but on the other hand is the fifth most plentiful gas in the universe. The public at large really doesn’t have any idea about whether they can do without neon because most people are not aware of all of neon’s contributions to all of our lives. Think about living without some of the benefits of neon that have been discussed and see what your thoughts may be about that issue. Oh! by the way, no neon, no TV.

Get Back On Your Feet With Free Grant Money For The Poor

No one wants to be poor & struggling to pay for the basic needs. However, being poor is not a choice. It is not that you should not earn well to be poor. When you find it difficult month after month to meet your basic needs with no extra cash whatsoever, you are in bad financial shape and you need a helping hand. Basic personal loans are for those who are in a position to pay them back. Sometimes, not having proper dental care will leave you in a bad position and you need emergency loan to pick up your situation. Now, it is all possible with free grant money available for the poor.

Personal loans, emergency loans or whatever may be the type of loan, if you get a loan, you need to pay it back. Even if you can’t put away more than $10 per month for the loan, getting committed to pay back the loan is important. However, if you are already struggling to pay off your bills, you can’t possibly get a loan because another commitment will be a big blow to your already miserable financial situation. Further, lenders won’t be interested in giving you personal loans with lower interest rates especially with your struggling financial condition with poor credit.

Just because you feel that you are broke financially doesn’t mean that you have to give up hope. You can find lenders who are interested in giving away personal loans, health care loans and emergency loans in order to help you to meet your basic needs. It is also possible to get back on your feet without any loan as there is free grant money for the poor. Such grants are free money given away for people who are struggling in their life. With such a free grant, you can pay off your bills and sometimes save something for use in the future too.

Getting free grant money for the poor is now very easy as the help is available online. Government grants are available for rich and the poor and there is millions of dollars being given away as free for individuals who are hoping to make a difference even with their poor financial power. However, to get these grants, you need to know where to look for information. There are numerous forms to be filled and submitted. You may have to wait for some time for the forms to be considered before getting your grant money.

Many communities too give free grant money for the poor to bring up the community. Getting free money is very much different from begging. You are actually trying to use the generosity to your advantage without losing your integrity. The best part with free grants is that you don’t have to pay anything. There is no need to pay for the forms and you don’t have to spend your hours trying to figure out how to get the money. By looking at the right place, you can get money for free that will help you to get out of your debts.

5 Reasons Why Followers Continue To Support Certain Political Leaders

Have you ever wondered why certain political leaders appear to be wearing Teflon, and, it appears, regardless of what that individual does, or says, his followers and supporters, continue to support him, apparently, not caring, or being adversely affected? On the other hand, sometimes, someone holding a position, ends up being blamed for everything, and, even one, minor mistake, or misstatement, becomes politically, extremely costly! Nearly every day, I overhear someone, who is not a Trump supporter, wondering, aloud, why/ how, his supporters, seem to overlook his actions and/ or statements, and continue to support and believe in, and cast him in a favorable light! This article will briefly, attempt to discuss, five, of these reasons, as to why many followers, continue to support certain political leaders, even when they aren’t fulfilling any of their empty promises.

1. Prioritizing what they want, over what actually is: Whether it is a matter of Drinking the Kool – Aid, being naive, wasteful, ineffective, or selfish, it appears, many people become so focused on believing the false spin, they actually buy, the rhetoric about the mainstream media, offering Fake News! Just because someone says it, even vehemently and often, doesn’t make it facts. In other words, a lie, by any other name, is still a lie! Consider the fact, the President has been fact – checked, and has been deemed to have lied or misstated facts, every single day, since he was elected. How would you explain the fact, there are still people who seem to believe him?

2. Convince themselves, stories they disagree with, are Fake News: While it may be normal, to, care deeply, and be passionate in one’s views, does it make any sense, to continuously overlook reality, because it doesn’t conform to one’s preferences, and/ or biases? How often will these people by the nonsense about things constantly being Fake News, while accepting fake news, and lies, as long as they agree with their position?

3. Hatred/ bias against opposition: Have you noticed that nearly every time, Mr. Trump is questioned, or feels accused, etc, he replies by bringing up his less – than – popular former political opponent, Hillary Clinton, and repeats claims which have been refuted and disputed, numerous times, but his core followers, continue to accept? When a political leader uses vitriol and rhetoric, to stir up hatred and bias, does he deserve to be in a leadership position?

4. Supports their personal beliefs/ agenda: Simply because something is what a supporter or group of supporters want, or hope for, even if they are morally, often, at odds with the principles and ideals of the American Constitution, doesn’t make it a fact! However, clever politicians, when confronted, often resort to rhetoric, which will stir the pot!

5. Easily fooled, naive, or don’t pay quality attention: We all know the adage, Fool me once, shame on you. Fool me again, shame on me! However, for example, it appears, this President’s core followers, care more about their personal agenda (and what they’ve convinced themselves, are facts), than realizing they’ve been duped and misled. However, it is challenging, for the rest of us, to understand, precisely why!

When the President is polling, with the least favorable numbers, of anyone at this point (6 months in office), and his core followers appear to be the majority of those who still believe in him, there’s something wrong! As George Carlin said, in his famous comedy routine, when we permit certain things, and actions, without questioning, then, The terrorists win!

Book Review – Letters To Philip: On How To Treat a Woman

It may seem chivalry and courtesy are dead. This seems to be the time for political correctness, uni-sex, and rights. Although there is some benefits on political correctness, this mode of thinking can go overboard when there is no distinction between men and women. There are certain times when chivalry and courtesy are proper manners and etiquette. One book, “Letters To Philip: On How To Treat A Woman”, is one book that explicitly discusses on how to be a gentleman by properly treating a woman.

In most cultures, there is a transition from adolescents to adulthood. In the Jewish tradition, there will be a bar mitzvah to signify the transition from a boy to a man. In certain cultures (such as in the deep South), they have debuts and sweet sixteen celebration for the female. Unfortunately, many people would signify the transition from young adult to an adult by going out with friends and getting drunk. It is a transition to be free from responsibilities rather than to be more responsible.

The book, “Letters To Philip: On How To Treat A Woman”, was written in the late sixties. It is quite a short and succinct book that is direct on how a young man (especially before getting married) should treat a woman. This is quite rare in our “modern society”. It was written by Charlie Shedd for his son. It is written as a series of letters where one letter covers a particular topic. Here are the letters with specific topics that are helpful for any young man:

* Take Charge

* Learn to be Kind

* Start at the Mirror

* Ask Her to Help You Grow

* Seven Goals for Communication

* If You Like It, Say So

* The Power of Suggestion

* How to Tell Her What You Don’t Like

* Winning by Losing

* Fragments of Devotion

* “I Can Hardly Wait to See You”

* “Late” is a Four-Letter Word

* How To Treat a Woman in Public

* How Not To Treat A Woman

* Treat Her as a Person

* A Half-Dozen “Nevers”

* And a Few “Try Not To’s”

* Some Moments are Only for Her

* Dialogue on Moods

* Troubles are For Sharing

* Fight the Good Fight

* Rural Wisdom

* Money Maxims

* Clothers, Hair, and Miscellany

* In-Laws

* Sex- The Twenty-Year Warmup

* Infidelity

* “Except the Lord Build this House”

* The Man Who Had A “Thing” About Guns.

There a lot of lessons and perspectives in a small but powerful book. This is a fantastic book on building a long-term relationship with your wife. It is about investing (not costing) value in a relationship that will reap benefits for her and for any man.

Fidel Castro And the Cuban Revolution – 51 Years of Tyranny

1960s A Pro-Soviet Tyranny

1959-1960: Following Fidel Castro’s overthrow of the dictatorial Batista administration, a host of people, including children and women, welcomed the arrival of guerrillas, but they turned the Island — about the size of Tennessee– into a place of repression. On the other side, Raúl Castro had been hand-picked by his brother, Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz, as the second leader of the Cuban Revolution. In the meantime, in the early years of the new regime, up to 3,200 Cubans had been slaughtered by Fidel Castro and his family. On the economic side, Castro nationalized all U.S. businesses (without compensation). In fact, these events marked the beginning of one the world’s worst undemocratic governments. Toward the end of 1960, Washington imposed an embargo on Cuba.

1960-1980: As a consequence of the totalitarian policies, over one million Cubans had fled to America (chiefly Florida), Canada, Mexico, Venezuela, Spain and Italy.

1960-1982: Inspired by the People’s Republic of China, Albania and other Communist tyrannies, Cuba’s undemocratic state had decimated the country’s tourism industry.

1960-2007: In one of Fidel Castro’s many dictatorial reforms, hemade his sister-in-law, Vilma Espín, President of the Federation of Cuban Women –a key organization on Cuba. Espín, Raúl Castro’s wife, was leader of the feminist organization until her abrupt death on June 18, 2007.However in time, she, a former Marxist guerrilla, was known as the “First Lady of the Cuban Revolution”. Over the decades of the Soviet Empire, she had strong links with radical feminist movements from Eastern Europe, Asia, Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa.

1960-2010: World-famous dancer and choreographer Alicia Alonso Martínez became one of the key women, alongside Haydée Santamaria Cuadrado, Vilma Espín Guillois, Celia Sánchez Manduley and Mireya Luis Hernández, in the Cuban Revolution. Since then, she used her fame and prestige to clean up the Island’s bad image. By the early 60s, Fidel Castro gave Alonso $200,000 to set up the Cuban National Ballet. From then on, the Ballet Nationalbecame an open door for Cuban influence in the Third World and Europe.

1961: The Island’s history took sudden turn in this year as the provisional rule declared the country a Marxist stateand began a close relationship with the Kremlin -the USSR was one of the first states to recognize Cuba’s tyranny–and their allies, including the German Democratic Republic (GDR), North Korea and Czechoslovakia. From then on, Moscow played a key role in the Cuban Revolution. Nonetheless, after Cuba became a pro-Soviet dictatorship, the political relationship between the States and the Island worsened. On January 3, 1961, the tensions between both governments came to a head as America severed diplomatic ties with the rule of Cuba.

1962: The Republic of Cuba was suspended from the Organization of American States (OAS), which was founded on April 30 1948 in Bogotá (Colombia), over its dictatorial rule.

1962- 1990: Unlike many Marxist states in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, including Ethiopia (the world’s poorest nation), Guinea, Laos and Cambodia (Asia’s poorest country), the Island’s human development, from employment and energy to education, culture and public health, was subsidized by the Kremlin (which was supplanted by Venezuela since 2000). For example, most of Cuba’s young people –chiefly members of the Cuban Communist Party (PCC)– attend schools, universities and institutions in Bulgaria, Russia, Ukraine, Poland and the German Democratic Republic (GDR). Moreover, a number of cultural delegations went to Asia, Latin America and Europe. In 1984, the Caribbean team, led by Alicia Alonso, visited five former Soviet republics (Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan). On the other side, around 90{512b763ef340c1c7e529c41476c7e03bc66d8daea696e1162822661d30dde056} of the military budget was financed from the USSR and other Communist states. These were some of the reasons why Cuba did not have financial problems -different from several Latin societies. During the Cold War, the massive Soviet aid gave Cuba a political influence in the Third World disproportionate to its size and economy.

1964-1990: Castro’s dictatorial rule, headed by its diplomat Isidoro Malmierca (the Cuban ambassador to the United Nations), allowed the USSR to direct its foreign policy. The Kremlin used Fidel Castro to expand its geopolitical influence in the Third World, chiefly in Latin America and sub-Saharan Africa.

1967: Soviet Union’s Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin went to Cuba.

1970s Fidel Castro & Mengistu Haile Mariam

1970-1975: The totalitarian Communist state had cooperative ties with Peru’s dictator Juan Velasco Alvarado. Over that time, Raúl Castro, the Island’s second most powerful leader, trip to Lima.

1971-1973: After Salvador Allende’s win in the Presidential elections, the Cuban administration had shown a deep interest in cooperation with Chile. Upon the winning the Chilean election, Allende became the world’s only freely elected Marxist Head of State. Later on, in 1971, surprisingly, Fidel Castro embarked on a three-week tour of Chile.

1972-1990: The Republic Socialist of Cuba was home to the largest Soviet community outside Europe and the USSR.

1975-1991: With the help of 50,000 Cuban troops, the African country of Angola, led by José Eduardo dos Santos, moved into the Soviet orbit.

1977: The Cuban dictatorship sent a delegation, led by Sergio del Valle, to Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia.

1978-1989: Under its pro-Soviet policy, Castro’s dictatorial rule sent over 20,000 troops to the Republic Marxist of Ethiopia – an African nation with 90{512b763ef340c1c7e529c41476c7e03bc66d8daea696e1162822661d30dde056} of the population living under the abject poverty– to support the dictatorship of Mengistu Haile Mariam, who led Ethiopia to one of the worst genocides in history. Over that time, Cuba’s troops carried out repressive measures against the Eritreans and Ethiopians.

1979: With the support of the Soviet bloc (from Bulgaria to East Germany), as well as anti-American states, Havana – the nation’s capital city– hosted the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Summit. Cuba’s satrap Fidel Castro was elected President. This international event was part of the Communist dictatorship’s strategy to win new allies in the Third World, including terrorist states.

1980s The pro-Castro Lobby

1980: To improve dictatorship’s image abroad, damaged by human rights abuses and pro-Soviet military projects in sub-Saharan Africa, the undemocratic rule sent a person -a Russian-trained astronaut– to space. Along with Alberto Juantorena ( 1976 Olympic champion), Alicia Alonso and Alejo Carpentier (author), Cuba’s cosmonaut Arnaldo Tamayo was one of the “special ambassadors” of the Cuban tyranny.

1981: On the world stage, the Castro regime established strong links with rogue governments such as Libya, Iran and the DPR of Korea (Democratic People’s Republic of Korea or North Korea). By contrast, Cuba’s ties with many Latin American democracies worsened, including Colombia, Costa Rica, Jamaica and Peru.

1982-2008: Under the influence of the “pro- Castro lobby” in the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), nine natural and cultural sites on the Island were declared wonders of the world- the Old Havana and its Fortifications (1982), the Trinidad and the Valley de los Ingenios (1988), San Pedro de la Roca Castle (1997), the Desembarco del Granma National Park (1999), the Viñales Valley (1999), the Archaeological Landscape of the First Coffee Plantations in the South East of Cuba (2000), the Alejandro de Humbolt National Park (2001), the Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos (2005) and the Historic Centre of Camaguey (2008). Curiously Cuba holds more world heritage sites than Argentina, Egypt, Indonesia, Kenya and South Africa.

1984: Due to its political and financial dependency with the rule of the Union of Socialist Soviet Republics (USSR), the totalitarian Communist state refused to send over 200 Cuban champs and officials to the 23rd Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles, CA. Therefore, many champs lost the chance to compete in the Games, which included Javier Sotomayor (track & field) and Mireya Luis (volleyball) as well as Olympic gold medal winners Maria Caridad Colón (athletics) and Teófilo Stevenson (boxing).

1985: In its efforts to improve the country’s economy, tourism became one of government’s top priorities. Nonetheless, poor international image –among the world’s oldest tyrannies, together with the Stalinist state of North Korea– have caused great harm to the Island’s tourism industry.

1986-1992: Although many Socialist governments, from Czechoslovakia and Mongolia to the People’s Republic of China recognized to Seoul, the Cuban tyranny continued to reject South Korea’s sovereignty.

1988: After a year of speculations, the Cuban contingent did not participate in the Summer Games in Seoul, South Korea.

1990s Cuba — The World’s Worst Olympic Country

1991: Upon the ending of the Soviet Empire, the Caribbean Island, with few natural resources, had transformed itself from a middle-income country to one of the poorest countries on the American mainland.

1992: Cuba’s exile Eduardo Díaz Betancourt was executed by tyranny, despite worldwide appeals for clemency.

1992: Jorge Esquivel, the most outstanding dancer and choreographer in the Cuban Revolution, sought political asylum in Italy. This defection was a serious setback to the Cuban National Ballet. At the 1982 International Ballet Competition in Havana, Esquivel, one of the world’s six best dancers, made his choreographer debut. In the 70s and 80s, he was partner of Alicia Alonso.

1993: Despite Cuba annually budgeted over $ 100 million for the promotion of Olympic sport, which represents 3{512b763ef340c1c7e529c41476c7e03bc66d8daea696e1162822661d30dde056} of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) -one of the highest in the developing world, sport had a big problem: there were massive defections. During the 17th Central American and Caribbean Games in Puerto Rico, the Island boasted the infamous distinction of being “one of the world’s worst Olympic nations”, alongside Burma and Libya, as a host of Olympian athletes and coaches, including softball players and swimmers, refused to return to their impoverished country.

1993 Against all odds, Alina Fernández Revuelta, Fidel Castro’s daughter, fled to Europe.

1994-2010: The Cuban regime lost four important allies in sub-Saharan Africa: Angola (resource-rich nation), Benin, Equatorial Guinea (oil-rich country) and Namibia (uranium-rich country).

1995: The Island boasted one of the highest suicide rates on the planet.

1995-2010: Unlike the Republic Socialist of Vietnam, the Island, with an economy heavily dependent on tourism, has had one of the worst-performing economies in the developing world. The nation’s economy had long been handicapped by its primitive political system. Since the breakup of the Soviet Empire in the early 1990s, a lot of workers, from nurses to teachers, have been forced by the lack of job opportunities to work in Latin America and Spain. With the exception of Haiti, Cuba’s citizens are the poorest on the Caribbean region. On the other hand, important sporting and economical agreements between Havana and Latin America republics have strengthened ties between the Cuban dictatorship and Latin democracies.

1998: In an attempt to mollify its critics, the Supreme Pontiff John Paul II was allowed to visit the Island for the first time.

1999: At the Pan American Games in Winnipeg (Canada), the country’s Olympic delegation picked up several medals, but unwelcomed publicity came when Cuba’s athlete Javier Sotomayor Sanabria, one of the Island’s most respected icons since 1959, lost his Pan American gold medal in the men’s high jump after testing positive for a drug. Meanwhile, Fidel Castro did not accept the results.

2000s The Hereditary Dictatorship of the Castros

2000: Castro’s regime established close ties with the government of Hugo Chavez, Head of State of Venezuela. Due to his admiration for Fidel Castro, Chavez provided heavy economic aid and became a supplier of oil to Cuba. Meanwhile, Aleksandr Lukashenko, dictator of Belarus, went to Havana.

2003: While Cuba’s tyrant Fidel Castro -perhaps inspired by Mao Zedong, Pol Pot, Jean-Bedel Bokassa, Idi Amin Dada and other satraps of the Third World– expressed his desire to become President for life, the State Security Departament’s increased activity against the opposition groups as it arrested 75 prominent human rights activists, who participated in the Project Varela. They were named “Prisoners of Conscience” by Amnesty International. In response to the rule of Cuba’s human rights abuses, European Union (EU) imposed restrictive measures on Cuba.

2005-2010: In tribute to the “Ladies in White”, the European Union bestowed upon them the 2005 Sakharov Prize for Freedom. This award was hailed as a victory for the Island’s pro-democratic groups. The pro-democratic organization “Ladies in White” became a world symbol of the struggle against tyranny and repression. They are one the greatest signs of hope for the new Cuba. In beginning 2008, they were threatened and attacked by paramilitaries forces.

2008: Because of its poor health, amid many speculations, Fidel Castro stepped down as Head of State and leader of the Cuban Revolution. Subsequently he was replaced by his younger brother Raúl Modesto Castro Ruz, becoming the seventh Marxist leader of a Latin American country since 1960, after Fidel Castro (1960-2008), Allende (Chile, 1971-1973), Forbes Burnham (Guyana,1970-1980), Michael Manley (Jamaica, 1972-1980), Maurice Bishop (Grenada, 1979-1983) and Daniel Ortega Saavedra (Nicaragua, 1985-1990). Raul’s succession was long-anticipated. Nonetheless, the new President, Prime Minister between 1976 and 2008,did not make major changes to the Island’s political system.

2009-2010: Under the tutelage of the hereditary dictatorship of the Castro family, there were up to 225 prisoners of conscience. Nonetheless, not much was known about the total number of political prisoners.

2010: Aware that several Cuban athletes want to escape from the Island, the country’s new dictator Raúl Castro, through the Cuban Olympic Committee (COC), declined to send Olympian athletes, coaches and officials to the Central American and Caribbean Games in Mayaguez (Puerto Rico). The Island’s sport during the past 20 years has been hit by a host of defections.

Who Is Responsible for India’s Jobless Growth?

The push for structural reforms in the past few years – including unprecedented moves to curb black money, relaxation in FDI norms, introduction of the ripe and ready GST, and digitization of services – has helped improve the credit profile of the country, and thus ease its high-debt burden.

The nation’s progress is also reflected on the charts with the Annual Growth Rate scaling much higher than the forecasted growth rates of more than 7 per cent in the past two quarters. It is only in the first quarter of this year that the growth rate has slowed down to 6.1 per cent.

While most of the indicators of growth, viz., strengthening of rupee, stabilization of inflation and increase in FDIs (foreign direct investments) show an upturn to the realization of the promise of ‘Acche Din’, there remains one that reveals the flip side of the ‘Indian Success Story’- the Employment Data.

A critical analysis of the employment scenario across various sectors shows that India is slowly slipping into a long-lasting phase of jobless growth. By industry, the service sector has been the biggest contributor to the Indian economy’s growth.. Trade, hotels, transport and communication, financing, insurance, real estate, business services and community, and social and personal services account for more than 60 per cent of the country’s GDP. Agriculture, forestry and fishing together constitute around 12 per cent of the output, but employs more than 50 per cent of the labor force. Manufacturing makes a contribution of 15 per cent in the GDP, while construction adds another 8 per cent. Mining, quarrying, electricity, gas and water supply build the remaining 5 per cent (Source: MINISTRY OF STATISTICS AND PROGRAMME IMPLEMENTATION, GOI, update – June 2017).

Competition Pressure

After years of steady, consistent growth, many Indian IT companies have faced massive competitive pressure. This has pushed them towards the trend of ‘cost cutting’ in the past few years. According to the National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM), the rate at which jobs are generated in the IT industry is terribly lower than the average year-on-year growth of the industry itself. It is, thus, evident that the Indian IT industry, while moving towards greater automation, is fast becoming a job-less proposition.

Skilled yet un-skilled

While most try to corner the Government on the issue, as I recall from the discussion at the Parliamentarian Youth Conclave, held in March at Delhi, ‘growing un-employment’ was a persistent undertone of the questions put forth by the youth delegates to most of the Cabinet Ministers from Shri Prakash Javadekar to Shri Piyush Goel. Addressing the concerns, Shri Prakash Javadekar commented, “.. It is also a result of the youth today looking for high-paying options, rather than a good job. This herd mentality is at the root of this crisis”. Dr Bindeshwar Pathak, Founder of Sulabh International and a celebrated social reformer, also stated, “There is no dearth of jobs for those who really want to work and understand the importance of growing one step at a time”.

The idea-exchange threw light on the fact that the desire for A.C. rooms and bigger cars i.e. materialism, and lack of right mind-set, are among the major reasons of unemployment.

Vijay Anand L V, CEO, and recruitment advisor, said, “The needs of the employer and job seekers are moving in the opposite direction these days. Middle men are wanting to loot money in the name of training and development inside the campus. Colleges give the students a namesake campus interview with dummy companies. Students too show little interest in jobs that pay less but promise growth.”

He also shares his concerns on the attitudinal shift in job-seekers and tries to inspire by exemplifying his journey – the struggle he faced – from being a courier boy to a CEO; specifying that there are no shortcuts to success.

According to McKinsey, a digital shift to the Indian economy is estimated to render almost half of the existing Indian workforce unfit for work. The skill mismatch identified, in the next two to three years, shall tag the workforce ‘irrelevant’ to India’s growth story.

Other reasons

  • The disturbing scenario in the IT industry is not the only reason behind India’s job-less growth.
  • Unlike China, labour intensive manufacturing sector did not drive growth in India
  • Rigid labour regulations are a disincentive to job creation by employers in the manufacturing sector (recalling the Maruti Case)
  • Industrial Disputes Act led to a 25 per cent drop in manufacturing sector recruitments (World Bank Report)
  • MSME is mostly looked down upon and also faces multiple bottlenecks from poor access to credit to little learning and development support. This is when the growth potential of MSME is four-fold that of the large firms
  • Government has also failed to encourage job creation by industries in ways like tax exemptions and subsidies

What can be done?

  • Revamping of the education system to skill based education. A scheme like Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna (PMKVY) is a welcome step but needs constant monitoring
  • Food processing industry is a potential employer and shall be encouraged
  • The contours of the MUDRA scheme shall be expanded to facilitate easy loans to the MSME sector

Smart Phone Photography

With the purchase of my rather expensive camera a while back it was like winning the lottery. It takes gorgeous photos and can be zoomed in or out to get the best shot. It also has automatic focus and the memory card helps to deposit the photos onto the computer. But then a few months ago when returning a recently purchased lap top the money was used to buy a Samsung Galaxy elite smart phone.

What a surprise! The photography possible with this machine is far better than any camera owned previously. It takes shot after shot of incredible photos whose detail can be enlarged and studied. Like the camera before it of course it takes videos as well.

This is a far cry from the first camera that my brother gave me when I was around 8 years of age. It was quite small but the photos I took have survived and are a record of the family history from those early years. Film had to be inserted and then the photos developed through the local chemist. It meant saving my pocket-money to redeem them.

From that time to this photography has been one of my hobbies and the quantity of shots from just about everywhere travelled or experiences enjoyed are filling albums and taking up storage space around the home. That is unnecessary with the new technology. The computer stores anything needing to be kept while some photos are printed immediately either through my printer or the local shop.

The difference in convenience and cost is astronomical and the pleasure of taking photos has increased enormously thanks to the new smart phone.