Benefits of Having NGOs in India

The benefits of having NGOs in India are many. There might be several groups that talk against the running of NGOs in India; however, the truth is that India desperately needs India NGOs to support its government in improving the lifestyle of the people soon. Though there are many criticisms saying that they are wasting the money they raise on their own requirements and not for executing welfare programs, this cannot be concluded to be the truth. The truth is that the NGO in India suffer a lot to raise funds for running the programs. As India is a large country and the as the population is huge, it may not be practically possible for the government to take care of all the activities, and the country definitely needs the support of the NGO in India to take care of the rest.

As the standard of life certainly needs to be improved for majority of the people, India NGOs develop and work on various projects that would help people in changing their life styles. Because of the practical difficulties that the government faces in attending every corner of the country, the government as well encourages and supports NGOs in India in performing their duties. As the motto of the NGO in India is solely to offer free education in India for poor children and to uplift the lives of people who are living under the poverty line, they have all their time to think only about it and to work on various programs that would make it happen. This relaxes the government and helps it to concentrate on other issues that can only be handled by the government. However, there are also hundreds of other welfare programs that are run just for the benefit of the people.

As it would not be possible as individual to work on such big targets, NGOs in India form a group, frame some procedures and work towards it. This not only makes sure that the programs reach the people but also benefits them at appropriate timing. These India NGOs run various free education in India, welfare programs for women and many other programs that would help them in getting improving their life styles. They even develop many programs that would offer employment opportunities for the poor people. Basically, what they do is, they teach them how to earn money and show them various ways to do that rather than directly giving them money. Apart from all these, they run several funds raising programs and events that would help them in raising funds for running all these welfare programs. Besides that, they also request the public to come forward and help them with their time and money to run these programs successfully.…

Sources of Islamic Law

Opening remarks

Islam is the complete code of life. It gives guidance in all walk of life. Under Islamic law the term law includes the moral law and legal enactments. According to Islam ultimate source of any authority is God alone.

Sources of Islamic law

1. Quran

Quran is the first and primary source of law. Quran is not a legal code in the modern sense. The legislative part of Quran is the model illustration for future legislation and does not constituted a legal code by itself.

Importance

As primary source of law Quran has vital importance. It lays down a way of life which regulates the relationship of man with man and his relationship with God. The law of inheritance, marriage, divorce, theft, adultery and provisions of war and peace are meant for regulating the ties of man with the fellow beings.

2. Sunnah

Second source of Islamic law is Sunnah. The Sunnah is closely linked with the Quran. It comprises of:

All words counsels of the Prophet (S.A.W.W)

Actions, words and daily practices of the hold prophet (S.A.W.W).

Silence implying a tacit approbation his part of any individual act committed by the disciplines.

Importance

Sunnah has great importance after the Quran. It describes the functions of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) namely, announcing of the revelation before people, giving then guidance.

3. Ijma

Imja is an important source of law. It is the agreement of the Jurists among the followers of Muhammad (S.A.W.W) in a particular age on a particular question.

Basis of Ijma

Ijma may be based on

Quran

Sunnah

Analogy

Kinds of Ijma

Express

Tacit

Qawli

Sakuti

Importance

Ijma as a source of law has great importance. It helps in interpretation of laws according to the changing needs of times and new legislation can be made through its procees.

4. Qiyas

Qiyas is an extension of law from the original text to which the process is applied to a particular case by means of common Illat or effective cause, which cannot be ascertained merely by interpretation of the language of the text.

Kinds

Qiyas Jali

Qiyas Khafi

Importance

The function of Qiyas is to extend the law of the text to cases not falling within the purview of its terms and not to establish a new rule of law.

5. Opinions of Muslim Jurists

Opinions of Muslim jurists are also secondary source of Islamic law.

6. Nature of laws lays down

The Holly Quran is a code of conduct laying down the fundamental principles and not the detailed provisions so in case of ambiguity reference should be made to the sunnah.

7. Naska

Nask is also secondary source of Islamic laws. It is tent of Quran and tradition which have either been totally abrogated or there application limited or modified by the subsequent text.

8. Muslalah Mursala

Muslalah Mursala means when nothing becomes clear in law after giving reasons then the course which is to be adopted according to Islamic spirit for instance. Taxation for the defence …