Public Administration Vs Private Administration

Most authors differentiate public administration and private administration by educational institutions (public schools vs. private schools). Although it’s a good example to provide a comprehensive analysis between the two sectors, I found it not the quintessence for a comparative analysis. Historically, in our country, public schools have a much higher quality education than private schools, and studying economics and public administration, it is not just the nature of bureaucracies, nor the scope of public administration that the case today was reversed. While some authors identified over a dozen factors that differentiates public to private administration, Denhardt only speaks of the three fundamental differences between the two. In this paper, I would elaborate Denhardt’s three points since, together with economist Boadway’s Difference between Public and Private Sector, I found these as the most undisputable and concrete comparisons.

The most apparent difference between the two sectors is their organizing principles or goal. (Denhardt) While private administration has a definite mission, which is the pursuit of profit or stability or growth of revenues, public administration, on the other hand, has ambiguous purposes. Furthermore, the dilemma in ambiguity of purposes is exacerbated by too many unnecessary and inoperable agencies, with purposes that overlap and bloated bureaucracies. One might say that the goal of public administration is to enact public policies, but the overlapping and the main ambiguity of most of these policies, and the vagueness of the enactment of these policies make public administration’s purpose to be more ambiguous. Nevertheless, the fact that public institutions are not profit driven, should not lead us to believe that public sector employees and managers are not concerned about financial matters. As is the case with private companies, public sector units and organizations fight for funding and influence.

Another factor that makes the public sector different from the private is decision making. (Denhradt) In public administration, the decision must be and should be pluralistic. The founding fathers intentionally created a democratic republic where all key decisions are made in politicized environment. This allows for maximum participation: open debate, multiple veto points – a decision making hierarchy where consensus must be achieved at each level, ideally, an informed decision. While private administration’s decision-making is much more simple- it’s monopolistic or close to monopolistic. This type of decision-making would avoid any conflicts in interest; hence, the goal is clearly defined.

The visibility of public administrators is another notable difference between public and private sector. While a manager in a private business may work in relative obscurity, the public manager must operate in the public eye. His or her actions are constantly subjected to public scrutiny. (Denhardt) The publicness of the work of the public manager doesn’t end in merely carrying out public policy, the public manager has to respond to the demands of the public. Denhardt speaks of the “inevitable tension” between efficiency and responsiveness, the pressure to manage effectively and to be simultaneously responsive to public concerns. This pressure often leaves public organizations in a “no-win” situation, trying to …

4 Important Steps in Starting a Barber School

The demand for barbers and beauticians will continue to increase over the next several years. This industry will always be in high demand as long as men, woman, and children grow hair. Individuals with a barber’s license from an accredited school will always have the potential to earn top dollar with in this industry. With the demand for barbers, beauticians and stylist continuing to grow, so will the demand for schools where a potential barber can enroll and attain ample knowledge and training in order to become licensed.

The First Step: Creating a Business Plan & Raising Capital

Taking the time out to write an in depth business plan for your barber school. With this step it is imperative that you include a description and mission statement of the school. Include your marketing strategy, researched facts regarding other barber schools in the immediate area and any information on the schools insurance coverage. It is important to provide all documentation highlighting the financial records and needs. These needs should include how much capital you will begin with when the school starts and how you plan to raise the additional needed funds.

The Second Step: Raising Capital

By contacting your states Department of Education you will be able to apply for government grants and loans that are available. This is an important step to begin the process of getting the money you need to raise your start up capital. Working with a bank to complete and submit your loan applications is a must, unless you have all the money you’ll need to get started.

The Third Step: Attaining Insurance Coverage

Begin this step by speaking to local insurance providers. Be mindful that you will need to purchase enough insurance to cover damages (fire, flood & theft), as well as sufficient liability coverage. Speak with your insurance provider about employee coverage, such as workmen’s compensation, disability and unemployment benefits. Doing this will guarantee your school has ample coverage your students and instructors.

The Fourth Step: inventory

Communicate with different beauty wholesalers to get the best priced equipment for you. Comparing the costs of styling chairs, work stations, hair products, mirrors, scissors etc., will be beneficial to you when making sure you purchase enough inventory to supply sufficient training

Once these first 4 steps are complete you will be able to breathe a little easier. Nobody said this was going to be easy; however anything you work hard enough to attain will posses huge advantage when it’s all said and done. Being the owner of your own barber school will be extremely rewarding if you give it your absolute best. Providing individuals with the knowledge they’ll need to succeed in a field they love will make all the hard work worth it in the end.…

The Importance of Uniform Badge Insignia in Military and Law Enforcement

Webster’s dictionary defines uniform as n: dress of a distinctive design or fashion worn by members of a particular group and serving as a means of identification. Insignia is defined as badge of authority of honor an emblem as a distinguishing mark or sign. Wikipedia’s definition also verifies, “Insignia (the plural of Latin insigne: emblem, symbol) is a symbol or token of personal power, status or office, or of an official body of government or jurisdiction. Insignia are especially used as an emblem of a specific or general authority”.

In the majority of currant applications those groups that are organized to protect something or some one all wear both uniforms and shoulder sleeve patches. This would include the military, law enforcement units e.g. police, sheriff deputies, state troopers, government security organizations, government civilian law enforcement units e.g. Homeland Security, park rangers, and private security units to name a few. The various military patches available to a person authorize to wear on their dress uniforms will tell the complete story of that person’s service.

The concepts behind uniform patches have a well-documented history going back beyond 5000 years in China and Egypt. The efficacy of the visual impact is well understood and has many reasons to be firmly established in modern day implementation. Whether it is a casual information contact or a potential hostile action a person of authority’s identity needs to be quickly and unequivocally established. Insignia on an appropriate uniform do that quickly and efficiently.

Certain U.S custom made patches are even authorized to be worn on civilian clothing of veterans, and retired veterans. It would include Badges medals and ribbon earned while in the service of their country and when worn for certain occasions relating to military functions. This use of uniform emblems and other insignia can follow a person into the grave. It is very common for a fallen comrade especially in military and law enforcement units to honored in death by being buried in the uniform.

The variety of multiple colors of the uniform emblems and the rank emblems and badges make it easy to differentiate one officer from another by the uniform and the insignia place upon it. This has been a standard for American uniforms since the beginning of the American Revolution.

The need for uniform identity in a hostile environment warrants different considerations. This also generates some identity conflicts. One has to be specifically identified, be protected from bodily harm, and at the same time not be seen. These conflicting needs have generated some novel solutions.

The vast Saunders Military Insignia inventory attracts people who are serving or have served in various Military units, military insignia collectors with a love for the military and the beauty of the uniforms and different insignia they represent. We have helped U.S. Military insignia collectors in over 30 different countries and Supplied museums and American unit enactors in several countries with the items they need to advance their programs. We have made many custom made patches including …