The Law And Its Branches

Law is said to be the ultimate science. Law keeps societies functioning and in order. It is one of the most basic social institutions of society and without it society would destroy itself. Laws tell the members and governors of society about the manner in which they must act. These rules are enforced by police forces. Laws can be changed by popular demand or by the government. Lawyers and judges interpret the law and they’re duty is to act as an intermediary between the people and the law.

The law is divided into two main branches. These are – Public Law and Private Law. These two branches can be divided further but the distinction between the branches of private and public law is very small. The branches often overlap and it is only by convention that the branches exist.

The branches of public law are as follows:

1. Criminal Law: deals with crimes. These crimes can range from theft to murder. The laws under this section define the offences, states the rules of arrest, and the possible punishments. In most countries laws are defined by the constitution and the central or federal government. However in some countries like the United States, states have their own laws as well.

2. Constitutional Law: defines the rules and code of conduct for the government and its various departments. It also states the most basic rights of the people. These rights such as freedom of speech and freedom of religion are guaranteed to all citizens of that country. These rights are upheld by the courts throughout the country.

3. Administrative Law: governs the operations of government agencies. These are the agencies that regulate various aspects of our lives like banking, communications and trade. It also includes social welfare programs, social security and insurance.

4. International Law: This law is meant to make dealings among nations easier. This law is more like protocol and is very hard to enforce.

The branches of private law are as follows:

1. Contract and Commercial Law: These laws deal solely with matters that involve contracts among people. By definition a contract is a legal agreement among persons or people. Contracts are needed in order to carry out daily business. Disputes arising from contracts are dealt with under this section of the law.

2. Tort Law: These laws deal with injuries caused to a person by other individuals or companies. This includes the illegal use of a person’s property such as his or her name.

3. Property Law: As the heading suggests this section deals with the ownership and use of property. This property could anything from a building to a car.

4. Inheritance or Succession Law: These deal with the rights of inheritance of property. These laws are different in all countries.

5. Family Law: These govern the legal aspect of the family, such as the rules of adoption, marriage, divorce and child support.

6. Corporate Law: deals with business and stockholders. This branch is often classed together with …

Government Auto Auctions – The Disadvantages

At government auto auctions you will find great deals on hundreds of cars. The cars include those owned and no longer used by government agencies as well as those cars seized under certain forfeiture and seizure laws. Every week hundreds of cars with starting prices of $200 are available including models from Mitsubishi, Toyota, Cadillac, BMW, Ford, GM, Nissan, Honda, Chrysler, Lexus and others.

The government’s eagerness to quickly sell off its car inventory is an advantage that cannot (or at least should not) be overlooked by any serious car buyer looking for a great deal. Fortunately for buyers, the goal of the government is to dispose of the vehicles it no longer needs as quickly as possible at almost any price. Anything is better than storage and maintenance expenses. Like most things in life, however, when buying a car at a government auto auction, there are disadvantages as well as advantages. Below are some of the disadvantages.

1. Selling Terms – Auctioned cars are all sold “as is.” After buying one, there is no opportunity to complain about its condition, to exchange it or to ask for a refund. Therefore, as when buying any used car, take the time to inspect the vehicle’s condition as much as possible and learn as much about the vehicles that you are interested in before you go to the auction.

2. Intimidating – When you attend your first government vehicle auction, it may seem intimidating, However, as with most endeavors, those feelings diminish with each additional visit. It may be worthwhile to attend one or two practice auctions to become comfortable with the process. You may also pick up valuable information concerning price and condition before attending by keeping track of on-line car auctions.

3. Time – Searching for the government car auction in your area, registration, preliminary checking, attendance, and getting all the necessary paperwork done after purchase may take up to a few weeks. Again a practice run or two may help streamline things for you.

4. Pressure – Unlike buying a car through a private party or dealer, there is not a lot of time to consider all the facets of the deal. You must often fly by the seat of your pants, make quick decisions and hope for the best. Gathering as much information as possible in advance concerning the auction process and the cars that you are interested in bidding on is key.

5. Vehicle Inspection – While most government auctions provide an opportunity to make a visual inspection of the cars for sale, you are not going to have an opportunity to take it to your mechanic for a comprehensive inspection of the mechanical parts. You can offset some of this concern by (a) bringing a knowledgeable mechanic with you or (b) having someone available at home who can get a history report of the car using its Vehicle Identification Number (VIN).

As always, the more information you have the better. Arm yourself with good information before …

Maintaining Law and Order in a Society

For maintaining law and order in a society, there must be rules that should be followed so that the ones which have done the wrong deeds in their lives get their reward. Many ways are always present to bring a person to the pleasant life although he has done wrong deed but punishment is not the solution always. Careful planning and observations sort the ways that ask the offenders to come to the right path.

Training of the persons who maintain law and order in the society is the compulsory part of it. There are such areas which should be trained before enforcement.

What law enforcement departments do to enforce people to be in the limits and follow the laws made by these departments? Should they torture in cold and clammy cells? They should read the principles of how to set the criminals and what should be the factors that should be kept in mind before making any decision. This is not right to tease them in black cells, with this way they won’t be able to bring dark souls back.

It should have in the mind of every member that punish is the last step; don’t take it into account as first step. Studies have shown that there are ways which can be used to alleviate these people. Offenders are placed in such a cells and proximity that no one can imagine. This is just because of single person that spoils the name of the whole department.

Just the compilation is required from the officer. After first wrong activity, it’s the duty of officer to bring the offender to the right path by hop and jump skill. If the offender comes back to the right path leave him. But if again he commits any wrong deed, he should not treat him badly, but have to join his hand and see the root of offense.

The sense of a criminal thinks that what he is doing is right and is a new place for other partners of him in the worst possible thinking.

What should be done regarding this subject to have a good grasp over it? Very simple, we have to take into the count the professional experience of our seniors and utilize it to work in this field. These candidates can then become selective members in the department.

This also helps us in the area of leadership and management of any project in the career of one.…