10 Advantages of Having a Big Circle of Friends


People have different specifications when it comes to choosing their friends. Some people like to have a lesser number of close friends while others prefer to have a wider circle of friends. When you have a wider friend circle, you tend to have shallow relations with them as you can’t devote more time towards each one to develop strong bonds. These preferences in effect show how diverse the mindsets of the people are and the efforts they put to keep their friendships intact. In this article, we would be looking at the 10 advantages of having a big circle of friends.

1. If you have a larger friends circle, you tend to get breaking news about things happening across the geographical barriers in no time.

2. You tend to stay informed on any topic that is of immediate interest to you. Only you need to contact the right person you know to get to the fine details about the things you wanted to know.

3. When you are on the move, you might get the information about the destination you want to go. This would help you to get ready in advance.

4. If you have a large number of friends, you can avail their hospitalities when you visit different places. Hence, larger the circle, the more chances are there for you to find suitable accommodation free of cost.

5. If you want to get some government services availed, you can seek the help of a friend from the concerned department. This is possible only when you have friends working in government departments in your circle of friends.

6. If you are absent for a day or two from the classes due to illness, you can seek the help of your friends to cover the topics covered in those days.

7. You can organize events with the help of your friends so that you get the required money and support for them.

8. During the bad times, you can count on your friends for moral support and seek some help from them. The transition through this lean period would be smooth if you have support from friends and relatives.

9. When any medical emergency occurs and you need financial support, you can count on your closely knit circle of friends to mobilize money. Of course, you can pay back the amount when you get some reprieve.

10. You can pool your vehicles for daily commutation to the office so that you can save money on transport. This can happen only when you have willing friends in the circle. Larger the circle, more likely you find a friend with such a mentality.…

Special Education Has Changed Over Time

Special education has been assisting students with learning disabilities in the United States education system since the end of World War II. The first push for special education started when a group of parent-organized advocacy groups surfaced. In 1947 one of the first organizations, the American Association on Mental Deficiency, held its first convention. That marked a starting point for special education as we know it today.

Started during the Civil Rights Movement in the early 1950s, the United Cerebral Palsy Association, the Muscular Dystrophy Association, and John F. Kennedy’s Panel on Mental Retardation were among an increased amount of advocacy groups for assisted learning programs. This strong push helped bring special education into schools across the country in the 1960’s as school access was established for children with disabilities at state and local levels.

The parent advocacy groups dating back to 1947 laid the ground floor for government legislation being approved by Congress in 1975 that was called the “Education for All Handicapped Children Act” (Public Law 94-142). This act went into effect in October of 1977 and it was the beginning for federal funding of special education in schools nationwide. The act required public schools to offer “free appropriate public education” to students with a wide range of disabilities, including “physical handicaps, mental retardation, speech, vision and language problems, emotional and behavioral problems, and other learning disorders.”

The law from 1977 was extended in 1983 to offer parent training and information centers. Later in 1986 the government started programs targeting youngsters with potential learning disabilities. The Act from 1975 was changed to the “Individuals with Disabilities Education Act” (IDEA) in 1990. Since establishment of IDEA more than 6.5 million children and 200,000+ toddlers and infants are being assisted each year.

Special education in schools often unintentionally overlooks a key aspect of why students suffer from learning disabilities. The reasons for common learning disabilities are weak cognitive skills. Studies show that 80{512b763ef340c1c7e529c41476c7e03bc66d8daea696e1162822661d30dde056} of students enrolled in special education at some level suffer from underlying weak cognitive skills. Cognitive skills are the mental capabilities that one needs to successfully learn academic subjects. In more detail cognitive skills are learning skills used to retain information; process, analyze, and store facts and feelings; and create mental pictures, read words, and understand concepts. They are not to be confused with academic skills which would include subjects like math, science, or history.

Proper testing to identify these weak cognitive skills will help quality learning centers put together a plan of action to strengthen them. This sort of training will last a lifetime. By not targeting the cognitive skills a student will struggle for the rest of their life until they are trained properly. It is highly recommended that you get your child tested at a learning training center that provides cognitive testing. Once tested a personal, unique training program can be developed for your child to overcome their learning disability.…

The Politics Of The American Dream

The American Dream is the promise to have it all and enjoy it all. It’s been glorified and sentimentalized as a utopian goal not just by the media and Hollywood stars, but also by businesses and politicians, including the President of the United States. But in reality, the American Dream is becoming more and more like the ‘Impossible Dream.’ Today, many Americans believe that their odds of winning the lottery are better than attaining the American Dream.

Originally the American Dream concept was born out of lack and a genuine need for security shortly after the Great Depression and WW2. Because jobs were scarce, the greatest aspiration for most Americans was securing steady employment and owning their own home. As a result, work ethic and integrity were very strong. The focus was on a wholesome values system, family and community, all of which created pride, real prosperity and real joy. However, over time the same prosperity which resulted from being a nation of producers, also created a nation of consumers, driven not by need but rather by the desire to ‘keep up with the Jones’s.’

Today, the American Dream is more of a marketing concept, whereby Madison Avenue and government alike, have convinced people that they have to have a certain standard of living (such as a second home, a vacation in Europe, expensive jewelry and other ‘toys’) in order to be happy and fulfilled. Even the Christmas holiday has lost its original meaning and has become highly commercialized.

In other words, we’ve been brainwashed to believe that, ‘He with the most toys lives,’ rather than ‘He with the most joys lives.’ By taking on even higher amounts of personal debt, Americans are more stressed out and less optimistic and fulfilled then ever before despite their high standard of living. That’s because ‘toys’ (material goods), without purpose and a wholesome values system, only produce an artificial joy that is as fleeting as it is cruel.

The American Dream as we know it, is no longer something that is born out of need and lack but rather out of greed and desire. Therefore, it does not represent the true spirit of America, which was based on perspiration, innovation, risk and reward with the focus on a wholesome values system, integrity, family, community and a strong work ethic.

From an Enron economy and huge government deficits, to our failing educational system and the break down of the family system (where kids are left home alone to grow up with their peers, gangs and TV), practically every facet of our lives is negatively effected by the pursuit of materialism, which is a by-product of the American Dream. In a materialistic-driven society where there is an obsession with fame and fortune and winning at all costs, the prevailing wisdom is to do what’s politically correct, rather than doing what’s in the best interest of the community. And when the intoxicating love of power overcomes the power of love, it’s easy to see why absolute …

What Is Normal In Today’s Society?

What is normal really? If you think about it in today’s society what really is normal? Is being a blonde normal or a brunette? What about your height? Is that normal? Think about your background for a moment, is that normal? There is so much that goes into just one person’s life story and how they got to where they are today, how can we classify anyone as being “normal.”

We all grew up in a society where most of us went to school, had peer pressure, and even parental influences in our life to be “normal.” But when you think about it there really is no normal. We are all different and unique energetic beings on this planet. We have all had different background growing up, different families, look differently, sound differently, and act differently. So why is there this pressure to be normal?

Society today has influenced multiple generations into this complexity in our life. It has placed the emphases on not being an individual but rather on being like other people. Do you have the latest clothes, hairstyle, car, gadgets? If you do then society says you fit in with others and are “normal” and if you don’t you are considered “weird” or “different.” But the wondrous thing about life is that we are all this way! We are all unique in our own right, and this is what the “normal” is for us. It isn’t about the material things in life, but rather it is about understanding that you are perfect just the way you are.

Think about it, was there every a time in your life when you didn’t feel normal or you thought if only I was normal. The normal is understanding that everyone is different and loving yourself for who you are. You have a perfect soul at your core and that you are unique in your own right.…

Victimology and the Victim

Victimology is the study of crime and its victims. The perpetrator or offender is at one end of the spectrum and the victim at the other. The criminal and the victim represent opposing sides in the war against right or wrong. The victim is typically perceived as the innocent person who became prey to the guilty person who was on the opposing side of morality. The criminal was the bad guy and the victim was the good guy.

In 1948, however, Hans von Hentig, a German criminologist, began to change the societal attitudes towards crime following his study of several homicide victims. Hentig is credited as being a founder of the theory of victimology and was the first to suggest that the victim himself is “one of the many causes of crime,” reports Stephen Schafer, The Criminal and his Victim. Hentig’s theory altered societal attitudes and influenced change by altering the focus of a homicide investigation from the criminal to the victim.

Hentig’s approach was considered brilliant in the late 1940s. It was a new concept that quickly evolved and expanded into a theory. The victims were categorized and labeled while the investigators searched for what we now call an “unknown suspect.”

Investigating the victim’s lifestyle through interviews of friends and family helped law enforcement agents focus their resources and efforts on the victim as an attempt to locate the unknown criminal. They tried to understand why and how one person became a victim when another person did not. It is similar to reverse psychology and the reason victimology is sometimes referred to as “reverse criminology.” These strategies and tactics are still used today. The homicide investigator investigates the victim in an effort to understand the psychological aspects of the criminal which may lead to further clues about the whys and wherefores that led to one person’s death.

Reciprocal Arrangement

As a result of Hentig’s analysis of victims, he further theorized that there is “reciprocality” between the criminal and victim. This means that the victim and the criminal somehow share in the crime by providing somewhat of a reciprocal agreement and, therefore, some shared satisfaction as a result of the crime. Hentig’s theory stated that the victim shapes and molds the criminal and his crime. The relationship between perpetrator and victim, Hentig believed, created an intricate relationship and reciprocal arrangement between the criminal and the victim.

Victim Precipitation

Then, in 1963, another criminologist, Benjamin Mendelsohn, refined Hentig’s theory by expanding on it. Mendelsolm developed a similar idea which he called “victim precipitation.” Victim precipitation is a term which suggests that the victim of a crime had “an aptitude, although unconsciously, of being victimized,” reports Karola Dillenburger, The International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy. Mendelshom concluded that victims “look, think, and act differently” than non-victims which increase their likelihood of becoming victims. There are as many types of victims as there are types of criminals.

Types of Victims

In 1948, when Hentig developed his theory about victimization and …

Na Akua Hawaii – Hawaiian Gods

Hawaiians are a deeply spiritual people. Their inspiration and mana (spiritual power, energy, and life force) come from the powerful forces of their natural world. This world was immense. It stretched beyond the eight main Hawaiian Islands and encompassed Kahiki, Aotearoa, Te Pito o te Henua and everything in-between. It spanned the breadth of earth’s largest ocean and included a sea of stars in an endless night sky. Based on the enormity of their world, it is no wonder why ancient Hawaiians were polytheistic.

There are over 400,000 different gods recognized in Hawaiian culture. These include the principal deities, demi-gods, ‘aumakua (ancestral gods), and many lesser akua (gods). Each had their own realm of influence over some aspect of Hawaiian society. In this pantheon of akua were those who had greater kuleana (responsibilities) such as war or politics and others with less important roles. Not all akua Hawai’i (Hawaiian gods) were worshiped by each individual. Gods varied from place to place and from island to island. Gods also differed according to a person’s area of expertise, for example, a canoe maker wouldn’t necessarily pray to the gods of hula (dance) for support and vice versa. There were, however, some deities and spiritual beliefs that all Hawaiians adhered to regardless of status or class.

Listed below are the major gods collectively known as Ka Ha (lit. the four) that influenced every aspect of the Hawaiian world. They were equally revered amongst all islands in ancient times and are recognized throughout Polynesia as some of the most powerful gods in Oceania.

In this list, readers will find the common name for each god, along with their sphere of influence. Also included are some of the main kinolau belonging to each akua. Kinolau literally means “many forms.” They are the physical manifestations of an akua and even though they often take the form of a plant or animal, kinolau are not limited to only flora and fauna.

Common name:


Other names:

Kunuiakea, Kuka’ilimoku.

God of:

War, politics, sorcery, farming, fishing, bird catching, canoe building.


‘Ie’ie, ‘Ohi’a Lehua, Loulu, ‘Ulu, Niu, Pueo, Mano, ‘Io, Niuhi, ‘Ilio, Koa.

Common name:


Other names:

Lonoikaouali’i, Lonoikamakahiki.

God of:

Peace, fertility, agriculture, prosperity, sports, healing (medicinal herbs), love making.


Pua’a, Kukui, Hapu’u, Ipu, Humuhumunukunukuapua’a, ‘Ama’ama, ‘Ohua Palemo, thunder, clouds, lightning, rain.

Common name:


Other names:


God of:

Freshwater, life, procreation, canoe builders, increase of ‘o’opu, healing.


Wai, ‘Ohe, Ko, La’i, Wauke, Kalo, forests, sunrise.

Common name:


Other names:


God of:

Deep ocean, ocean winds, fishing, voyaging, healing.


Ocean, Mai’a, Muhe’e, He’e, ocean winds, sunset.…

The Impact of Marketing in the Society – Can We Really Make a Difference?


Marketing is generally thought of as the process of promoting goods and services to the end user. We can think of this as McDonald’s advertising its Big Mac in such a way that we feel that we really need one for lunch. This demonstrates the advertising piece of the marketing mix, and is the element that most people identify with marketing.

Society is generally defined as the condition in which members of a community live together for their mutual benefit. Societies are more than just the individual members that make up the group, but the sum of the collective. We are all members of a society, and interact with the other members in that community. So what is the impact of marketing in the society?

Negative Connotations of Marketing – They Made Me Do It

Ever since society passed from a Subsistence economy (I grow my own food, make my own clothes, and don’t need anyone else to help me) to a Trade economy (I’ll grow some food to sell to you, if you will make some clothes to sell to me) we have had the challenge of marketing our products and services to others (Uh-oh, now that there are two people making clothes in my town I’d better let people know why they should buy mine). And ever since that first sales pitch there have been criticisms of marketing; like deceptive practices, high prices, unsafe products, and high-pressure sales – to name a few.

But many critics go further and claim that marketing has created false wants, promoted materialism, produced cultural pollution, and allowed big companies to gain significant political power. And there is an element of truth to all of these claims. Companies that have not performed ethically have had a damaging effect in society that the ethical businesses must now work through.

And the Good?

But it is hard to deny the positives that marketing has brought upon society as well. The wealth of technology at our fingertips today is directly related to the sales of these items and the continued downward pricing caused by the promotion of computers, cell phones, GPS navigation systems, digital cameras, MP3 players, etc. Dozens and dozens of these types of products are commonplace today, but seemed like luxuries for the rich just a few years ago. In fact, most of the people below the poverty line in the US today live better than royalty did 200 years ago — with cars, heating and air conditioning, microwave ovens, cell phones, televisions, and other amenities now considered necessities.

More importantly, most medium to large companies now have significant charitable giving and service programs that donate large sums of money and time to needy organizations that make a difference in the lives of millions of people every year. Whether companies do this out of a pure heart or a need for positive publicity, the result is the same — and many of the neediest in society are better for it.

Doing the Right

Influence of Society in Marriage

Marriage can not be separated from the society. Society will always influence the marriage institution. When Greece emerged as a worldwide empire, the family was affected. Whenever an empire rises up, the thoughts, the culture, and the practices of the ruling empire normally affects the lifestyle of its empire. For example when the British Empire came to some parts of Africa, the life and the ideals of British people filtered into the African society. And so, Greek thoughts and ways of marriage also affected the family as an institution. Apart from Greek culture, Roman culture also influenced the society’s few of the family.

We need to know all these because sometimes, too, the culture around us affects us very much. Often times, what we do as believers are dictated by the society. The culture and ideals of the Greek, who were mainly philosophers, affected marriages of their time. The culture the culture and thoughts of the roman affected all those who live within the territories of what constituted the then Roman empire.

We also have influences today. We have observed and we have grown within the system of marriage that is prevalent in our communities. Many of us have never sat down to think about the influence of the societal ideals and culture on our views on the family. Somehow we have accepted the Practice and views of people around us as the ideal. Thus we have tried to pattern our families and marriage after the dictates of the society. Those of us who have gone to school to school have been affected by the philosophy of the writer. When you study literature for example, you are studying the culture of a particular society at a particular time. Shakespeare’s, for example, reflects societal philosophy in his writings. Philosophy, being a way of life, can be subtly passed to you. When you read Shakespeare’s plays as well as other literature books you’re you are not just being entertained, you are being influenced.

Many marriages have also crumbled because we have idolized the media. It goes without saying that the media exerted an unwholesome influence on the family. A lot of people have foolishly swallowed whatever the media has projected hook, line and sinker. It is unfortunate however that media practitioner know that they are only actors and performers. They have never intended that we make all that they try to project our way of life. The print and the electronic media have been elevated at the expense of the family. A good proportion of what goes on , on television is nothing but mere entertainment.…

How to Be a Good Person in Society

How are some people more attractive than others? How are some people loved by everyone? Let me tell you it is not because of the physical beauty, but it’s because of their nature, because of their behavior. In fact if you have a good nature you start looking good to the people who admire you. More people will start to like you. Well this is not a one day process, no it is a process just to show people you are good but you should develop these habits from inside and you should never forget these. You should change yourself forever to be good.

First of all what you need is physical appearance, it does not mean that you should look like Brad Pitt or Tom Cruise, but it’s your dressing sense, the way you present yourself. In fact our whole life is a kind of self marketing, where we are the product and other people who look at us are the customers. So always wear a clean dress let it be formals or casuals.Keep your beard trim or a clean shave, keep your nails, teeth, mouth clean. Always look clean, so that people will at least try to know you, rather than running away from you just by seeing your look. Remember first impression you give to others will be the best and a long lasting one.

Always wear a smile on your face, what I mean by saying is smile at people at every casual meet. Greet them with a Good morning or Good evening depending on the time you meet. If you meet some one younger than you ask them if they had food etc.

One main reason by which people fail to create a good impression is that, they do not look into eyes while speaking, it shows their lack of confidence. So always look into peoples eye when you are speaking to them. If you meet some one whom you know through your profession then shake hand with them while you depart. To be kept in mind while giving a shake hand is that, give a firm shake hand, you should not hold their hand too loosely nor too tightly.

Do not boast about yourself in front of others, let others do that for you. People know it very well that the ones who give all credit to themselves are very low esteemed. So even if you get a gold medal in Olympics do not boast it. If you have really done a good job, then people will come to know anyways and they will ask about it by themselves.

Do not treat people according to their status or wealth, speak equally to all and naturally people will start respecting you. I am not saying that you should treat a beggar as well as a mayor the same, but treat equal people equally.

Never let a chance to make friendship with anyone, try to expand your contacts because you cannot tell when someone might come …

Don’t Buy Red Yeast Rice Until You Read This Article

If you learned about a natural product that could help lower your cholesterol, wouldn’t you want

to buy it? Of course you would. Well, guess what. There is such a product. Because of

government controls, however, you can’t get this product anymore, at least not in its original

cholesterol lowering form. Why would the government do that, you may ask. Here’s why.

Red yeast rice is a form of rice fermented using red yeast. The Chinese have used this rice for

years as a spice, food preservative and colorant, as well as a dietary supplement. For more than

1,000 years, these people have also used red yeast rice medicinally claiming it improved blood

circulation, and relieved indigestion and diarrhea.

Active Ingredients

More recently, scientists have found that one of the active ingredients naturally produced when

rice is fermented by red yeast is Monacolin K, or Lovastatin. For those of you not familiar,

Lovastatin is the generic equivalent of one of the statin drugs; a class of the strongest, most

effective cholesterol lowering prescription medications. Unlike prescription Lovastatin which

contains 10 mg or more of this active ingredient, red yeast rice contains less than 2.5 mg of the

cholesterol lowering medication per 600 mg capsule. Red yeast rice has been marketed as a

dietary supplement under the names Cholestin and HypoCol.

Until 1999, red yeast rice was readily available as a dietary supplement. However, it was in that

year that clinical studies confirmed the effectiveness of red yeast rice with Lovastatin as one of

its ingredients in lowering cholesterol. When the Food and Drug Administration caught wind

there was a dietary supplement being sold that included a prescription medicine, they decided to

pull the supplement from the market. They defended their decision by claiming that since the

supplement contained a drug that normally required a doctor’s prescription; the red yeast rice

could not be sold over-the-counter in an unregulated form.

The Big Stick of the FDA

The FDA’s decision met with some controversy and was actually overturned later that year by the

court of the District of Utah. In 2000, however, the FDA triumphed when the 10th U.S. Circuit

Court of Appeals ruled that since red yeast rice does contain the prescription medicine

Lovastatin, even though it does occur naturally, it is subject to FDA rules.

After that time, most forms of red yeast rice disappeared from the shelves of pharmacies and

health food stores, in its original form anyway. You can still buy the supplement but because of

the FDA order red yeast rice is made using a different fermentation process which does not

produce Lovastatin.

So, that is the story of red yeast rice. Used by the Chinese for hundreds of years as a way to

increase blood circulation, federal government regulations forced vendors to clear this natural

supplement from their shelves. You can still buy red yeast rice, but don’t expect it to have any

big effect on your blood pressure. To have the benefits of the cholesterol …